||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
Worrell performing in Vienna in 2009
|Birth name||George Bernard Worrell, Jr.|
|Also known as||"Dr. Woo"|
April 19, 1944 |
Long Branch, New Jersey, United States
|Genres||Funk, rock, alternative rock, blues rock, rhythm and blues, jazz, psychedelic rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, producer|
|Associated acts||Parliament-Funkadelic, Talking Heads, Bernie Worrell and the WOO Warriors, Bernie Worrell Orchestra, Praxis, Tom Tom Club, Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains|
George Bernard "Bernie" Worrell, Jr. (born April 19, 1944) is an American keyboardist and composer best known as a founding member of Parliament-Funkadelic and for his work with Talking Heads. He is a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, inducted in 1997 with fifteen other members of Parliament-Funkadelic.
Funk and soul
Worrell was born in Long Branch, New Jersey and grew up in Plainfield, New Jersey. A musical prodigy, he learned to play the piano by age three and wrote a concerto at age eight. He went on to study at Juilliard and the New England Conservatory of Music.
As a college student around 1970, Worrell played with a group called Chubby & The Turnpikes (later to be known as Tavares). The drummer in that band was Joey Kramer, who left in October 1970 to be a founding member of the rock band Aerosmith. He then met George Clinton, then the leader of a doo wop group called The Parliaments. Soon, Worrell, Clinton, The Parliaments and their backing band (Funkadelic) moved to Detroit, Michigan, and became Parliament. During the 1970s the same group of musicians toured and recorded under both the Parliament and Funkadelic names as well as several others, collectively known as Parliament-Funkadelic. Worrell was a central figure in the group. He played the piano, keyboards and organ in both groups and co-wrote or did the arrangements for many of the bands' hits. He debuted the keyboard synthesizer bass in popular music on the Parliament song "Flash Light". He also recorded a 1978 album with the group, All the Woo in the World, under his own name.
While funk musicians traditionally utilized electric keyboards, such as the Hammond organ and Fender Rhodes electric piano, Bernie Worrell created Parliament’s distinctive riffs with a Minimoog synthesizer, and was the second recipient of the instrument created by Bob Moog. Worrell’s synthesizer work is prominent on the majority of Parliament’s most popular (and most sampled) songs throughout the 1970s, most notably ”Mothership Connection (Star Child)” and “Give Up the Funk (Tear the Roof Off the Sucker)” from Mothership Connection, "Flash Light" from Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome and "Aqua Boogie" from Motor Booty Affair.
After the original Parliament-Funkadelic stopped touring in the early 1980s, Worrell released several solo albums. He was recruited, along with other musicians from differing genres such as Adrian Belew, to perform and record with Talking Heads, a pioneering new wave act. Worrell's experience and feel for different arrangements enhanced the overall sound of the band. Though he never officially joined Talking Heads, he was a de facto member of the group for most of the '80s, appearing on one of their studio albums, several solo albums, and multiple tours until they officially disbanded in 1992. Worrell can be seen in the Talking Heads concert film Stop Making Sense. Worrell was invited to perform with Talking Heads at their one-off reunion as part of their 2002 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Since the late 1980s, Worrell has recorded extensively with Bill Laswell, including Sly and Robbie's Laswell-produced Rhythm Killers and the 1985 Fela Kuti album Army Arrangement. Worrell has also performed with Gov't Mule. Through the beginning of the 21st century, he has become a visible member of the jam band scene, performing in many large summer festivals, sometimes billed as Bernie Worrell and the Woo Warriors. These new funk, groove, and rock bands have embraced Worrell's historical relevance and immense talent. He has appeared on many Jack Bruce albums, including A Question of Time, Cities of the Heart, Monkjack, and More Jack Than God.
In 1994, Worrell appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by Time Magazine.
In 2005, Worrell collaborated with Bo Diddley producer and Original P guitarist/vocalist Scott "Skyntyte" Free, on the album BananAtomic Mass by "Munkeez Strikin' Matchiz". Worrell's presence is heard throughout, as each of the albums tracks contains an original classical-styled interlude performed by Worrell. He, Diddley and Public Enemy cofounder Chuck D are featured performers on the song "Wreck It", which is the last studio recording by Diddley.
His project Baby Elephant is a collaboration with Stetsasonic member/De La Soul producer Prince Paul and longtime Paul associate Don Newkirk. Released September 11, 2007, Turn My Teeth Up!, features George Clinton, Shock G, Yellowman, Reggie Watts, Nona Hendryx, David Byrne and Gabby La La. In 2009 he joined with longtime Parliament-Funkadelic guitarist and musical director DeWayne "Blackbyrd" McKnight, bassist Melvin Gibbs and drummer J.T. Lewis to form the band "SociaLybrium". Their album "For You/For Us/For All" was released on Livewired Music in January 2010.
Worrell appears in the 2004 documentary film Moog with synthesizer pioneer Bob Moog and several other Moog synthesizer musicians. In 2011, he toured with Bootsy Collins, another major figure of Parliament-Funkadelic.
Since 2011, Worrell has been performing with his group, the Bernie Worrell Orchestra. Known for special guest appearances, Bootsy Collins, Tina Weymouth, Chris Frantz, Jimmy Destri, Mike Watt, Rah Digga and Gary Lucas are some of the artists who have sat in with the group during live performances.
A film entitled "Stranger: Bernie Worrell on Earth" was released about the life, music and impact of Bernie on music. "The Film captures the life and the sound of an overlooked and eccentric musical mastermind who has been compared to Beethoven, Duke Ellington and Jimi Hendrix."
- 1978: All the Woo in the World
- 1991: Funk of Ages
- 1993: Pieces Of Woo: The Other Side
- 1993: Blacktronic Science
- 1997: Free Agent: A Spaced Odyssey
- 2007: Improvisczario
- 2009: Christmas Woo
- 2010: I Don't Even Know
- 2011: Standards
- 2014: Elevation: Upper Air
Selected group albums and notable contributions
- 1970: Osmium by Parliament
- 1970: Funkadelic by Funkadelic
- 1970: Free Your Mind... and Your Ass Will Follow by Funkadelic
- 1971: Maggot Brain by Funkadelic
- 1972: America Eats Its Young by Funkadelic
- 1973: Cosmic Slop by Funkadelic
- 1974: Standing on the Verge of Getting It On by Funkadelic
- 1974: Up for the Down Stroke by Parliament
- 1975: Chocolate City by Parliament
- 1975: Mothership Connection by Parliament
- 1976: The Clones of Dr. Funkenstein by Parliament
- 1976: Hardcore Jollies by Funkadelic
- 1977: Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome by Parliament
- 1978: One Nation Under a Groove by Funkadelic
- 1982: The Name of This Band Is Talking Heads by Talking Heads
- 1983: Speaking in Tongues by Talking Heads
- 1984: Stop Making Sense by Talking Heads
- 1984: Fred Schneider & the Shake Society by Fred Schneider
- 1985: Army Arrangement by Fela Kuti
- 1986: Horses & Trees by Ginger Baker
- 1992: Transmutation (Mutatis Mutandis) by Praxis
- 1993: Every Silver Lining Has a Cloud by Julian Schnabel
- 1999: Unison by Shin Terai
- 2004: The Big Eyeball in the Sky by Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains
- 2005: BananAtomic Mass by Munkeez Strikin' Matchiz
- 2006: Gold & Wax by Gigi
- 2007: Lightyears by Shin Terai
- 2007: Tennessee 2004 by Praxis
- 2007: Turn My Teeth Up! by Baby Elephant
- 2008: Profanation (Preparation for a Coming Darkness) by Praxis
- 2008: Living on Another Frequency by Science Faxtion
- 2008: A New Mind by Activities of Dust
- 2008 Delicate Thing by Eric McFadden Trio
- 2010: For You, For Us, For All by Socialybrium
- 2013: "BWO Is Landing" by The Bernie Worrell Orchestra
- Stolen Moments: Red Hot & Cool. "Stolen Moments: Red Hot & Cool: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Jordan, Chris. "In New Jersey, legendary keyboardist Bernie Worrell is never far from homeIn New Jersey, legendary keyboardist Bernie Worrell is never far from home", Asbury Park Press, June 21, 2012. Accessed November 14, 2012. "Worrell has brought that sense of fun to millions across the globe, most notably as a member of Parliament-Funkadelic. In the upcoming weeks, his focus will be on his home state of Jersey. His annual Local and Legend festival take place Saturday, June 23, at the Unionville Vineyards in Ringoes, near his home in Hampton."
- "Stranger: Bernie Worrell on Earth (2005)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "THE 12TH ANNUAL INDEPENDENT MUSIC AWARDS WINNERS ANNOUNCED". The Independent Music Awards. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- The official website of Bernie Worrell
- Stranger: Bernie Worrell on Earth - the official documentary on Bernie Worrell
- Bernie Worrell collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive (currently empty)
- Bernie Worrell and the WOO Warriors collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive
- Artist Connection Podcast Interview