Bernina Range

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Bernina Range
Morteratsch.jpg
The main summits of the Bernina range above the Morteratsch Glacier
Highest point
Peak Piz Bernina
Elevation 4,049 m (13,284 ft)
Coordinates 46°37′N 09°52′E / 46.617°N 9.867°E / 46.617; 9.867
Geography
Countries Switzerland and Italy
Range coordinates 46°23′N 9°55′E / 46.38°N 9.91°E / 46.38; 9.91Coordinates: 46°23′N 9°55′E / 46.38°N 9.91°E / 46.38; 9.91
Parent range Central Eastern Alps

The Bernina Range is a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland and northern Italy. It is considered to be part of the Rhaetian Alps within the Central Eastern Alps. It is one of the highest ranges of the Alps, covered with many glaciers. Piz Bernina (4,049 m), its highest peak, is the most easterly four thousand-metre peak in the Alps. The peak in the range which sees the most ascents is Piz Palü.

The Bernina Range is separated from the Albula Range in the north-west by the Maloja Pass and the Upper Engadin valley; from the Livigno Range in the east by the Bernina Pass; from the Bergamo Alps in the south by the Adda valley (Valtellina); and from the Bregaglia Range in the south-west by the Muretto Pass. The Bernina Range is drained by the rivers Adda, Inn and Maira (Mera in Italy).

The term Bernina Alps can also be used in an extended sense to include both the Bernina and Bregaglia ranges; this is the area coloured yellow on the map (right) and labelled ‘Bernina Alpen’.

Piz Bernina
Morteratsch Glacier
Bellavista (left)
Piz Bernina and Piz Roseg

Peaks[edit]

The main peaks of the Bernina Range are:

Peak Elevation (m/ft)
Piz Bernina 4,049 13,304
Piz Zupò 3,995 13,110
Piz Bianco 3,995 13,110
Piz Scerscen 3,971 13,028
Piz Argient 3,945 12,943
Piz Roseg 3,937 12,916
Bellavista 3,922 12,867
Piz Palü 3,905 12,835
Crast' Agüzza 3,869 12,694
Piz Morteratsch 3,751 12,306
Piz Cambrena 3,606 11,831
Piz Glüschaint 3,594 11,791
Piz Tschierva 3,546 11,634
Piz Varuna 3,462 11,359
Piz Corvatsch 3,451 11,322
Piz Tremoggia 3,441 11,289
Cima di Castello 3,400 11,155
Piz Fora 3,363 11,033
Pizzo Scalino 3,323 10,903
Punta Painale 3,246 10,650
Munt Pers 3,207 10,522
Piz Surlej 3,188 10,459
Piz da la Margna 3,158 10,361
Piz Rosatsch 3,123 10,246
A panorama of the Bernina Range from Flüela-Schwarzhorn
High resolution (26k*9k) panorama viewed from Diavolezza

Glaciers[edit]

Main glaciers :

A panorama of the Morteratsch Glacier in the Bernina Range

Passes[edit]

The main passes of the Bernina Range are:

Mountain pass location type Elevation (m/ft)
Fuorcla Bellavista Pontresina to Chiesa in Valmalenco snow 3684 12,087
Fuorcla Crast' Agüzza Pontresina to Chiesa in Valmalenco snow 3601 11,814
Fuorcla Tschierva Pontresina to Chiesa in Valmalenco snow 3527 11,572
Fuorcla Sella Pontresina to Chiesa in Valmalenco snow 3304 10,840
Passo di Bondo Bondo to Bagni di Masino snow 3117 10,227
Passo di Castello Maloja to Morbegno snow 3100 10,171
Passo Tremoggia Sils to Chiesa in Valmalenco snow 3021 9912
Passo di Mello Chiareggio to Val Masino snow 2991 9813
Diavolezza Pass Bernina road to the Morteratsch glacier snow 2977 9767
Passo di Zocca Vicosoprano to Val Masino snow 2743 9000
Muretto Pass Maloja to Chiesa partly snow 2557 8389
Bernina Pass Pontresina to Tirano road 2330 7645
Maloja Pass St Moritz to Chiavenna road 1809 5935

Mountain huts[edit]

There are several manned and unmanned mountain huts in the Bernina Range.

Name Elevation (m/ft) Country Location
Chamanna da Coaz 2610 / 8,563 Switzerland End of Val Roseg
Chamanna da Boval 2495 / 8,186 Switzerland Val Morteratsch, under Piz Morteratsch
Chamanna da Tschierva 2583 / 8,474 Switzerland Left side of Vadret Tschierva, under Piz Morteratsch
Rifugio Marco e Rosa 3597 / 10,801 Italy

References[edit]

See also[edit]