The cover of Berserk as published by Hakusensha on December 1, 1990 in Japan
|Genre||Dark fantasy, Action, Tragedy|
|Written by||Kentaro Miura|
|Original run||December 1990 – ongoing|
|Anime television series|
|Berserk: Kenpū Denki|
|Directed by||Naohito Takahashi|
|Written by||Yasuhiro Imagawa|
|Music by||Susumu Hirasawa|
|Network||Nippon Television, Animax|
|Original run||October 7, 1997 – March 31, 1998|
|Berserk Golden Age Arc films|
|Collectible card game|
Berserk (ベルセルク Beruseruku?) is a manga series written and illustrated by Kentaro Miura. Set in a medieval Europe-inspired fantasy world, the story centers on the characters of Guts, an orphaned mercenary, and Griffith, the leader of a mercenary band called the Band of the Hawk (鷹の団 Taka no Dan?). Themes of isolation, camaraderie, and the question of whether humanity is fundamentally good or evil pervade the story, as it explores both the best and worst of human nature. Both the manga and anime are noted for their heavy violence.
Miura premiered a prototype of Berserk in 1988. The first volume of the manga was published on November 26, 1990 by Hakusensha in its Jets Comics collection. In 1992, after the publication of three more volumes, Berserk began serialization in Young Animal. The series was adapted into a twenty-five episode anime series covering the series' first story arc by Oriental Light and Magic from October 7, 1997 to March 31, 1998. A series of films were released, beginning with Berserk Golden Age Arc I: The Egg of the King on February 4, 2012, as part of an effort to adapt the entire manga series.
Guts (ガッツ Gattsu?), is a wandering warrior known as the "Black Swordsman". Armed with a huge sword, he hunts demon like creatures called Apostles, humans who have made a deal with a group of archdemons known as "The God Hand" that in exchange for their wish they must sacrifice someone or something close to them.
Guts once was the member of a renowned mercenary unit known as "The Band of Hawk". After his troubled childhood under his adopted father, Guts is recruited to the Hawks by their charismatic leader Griffith. Griffith, Guts and their mercenary group play a pivotal role in ending the long war that has ravaged the country of Midland. Griffith however, in his ambition to become a ruler, seduces the King's daughter, leading to him being imprisoned and horribly tortured until being rescued by his comrades. With his body horribly mutilated, Griffith sacrifices his friends and mercenary group to the God Hand to continue his dream in a demonic ritual from which only Guts and his lover Casca, survived.
After being separated from Casca, who lost her memories after the ritual, Guts starts hunting down the Apostles in search for revenge against Griffith, reuniting with Casca just in time to rescue her from being burned as a witch. While Guts and Casca travel to the Elf country of Elfhelm in search for a safe haven, accompanied a group of companions they befriended during their travels, a revived Griffith reforms the Band of Hawk and leads the fight against invading forces from the east, eventually establishing his rule over Midland and founding a new, massive capital, Falconia, where the humans take refuge from the ever increasing attacks of demons, unaware that their leader is actually one of them.
Guts' iron arm, in his original character concept, is very similar to Götz von Berlichingen's iron arm, which is kept in the Nürnberg Museum. Berlichigen was a German knight and leader of a band of mercenary soldiers, with a reputation as a Robin Hood figure. In 1504, his right arm was struck off by enemy cannon fire and a prosthetic iron arm was developed to replace it. Miura stated in an interview that he created Guts independently and did not learn about von Berlichingen until after several volumes of the manga had been published.
Miura first premiered Berserk in 1988 with a 48-page prototype, which won a prize at the Comi Manga School he was enrolled in at the time. On November 26, 1990, the first volume of the manga was published by Hakusensha in its Jets Comics collection. Three more volumes appeared until Berserk was serialized by Young Animal (Hakusensha) in 1992 and new episodes are still being released in the biweekly magazine (every second and fourth Friday of the month). Volumes consisting of between 8–11 episodes are still published biannually in Japan by Hakusensha (Jets Comics collection). As of March 2013, 37 tankōbon of the manga have been published in Japan.
In America, Canada, and the United Kingdom, the manga is translated and co-published between Dark Horse Comics and Digital Manga Publishing, which has released 37 volumes so far, the first on October 22, 2003. As with other Dark Horse manga releases like Hellsing or Trigun Maximum, the Japanese reading format, from right to left, is preserved in the English release (sound effects are untranslated in earlier releases, though this started with volume 12) at the author's request.
The series has been published in Mexico by Grupo Editorial Vid.
In Europe, the manga was introduced back in 1996, first in France (by Samourai Editions) and then in Italy a few months later (by Panini Comics, first under the imprints Marvel Manga and then Planet Manga). After Samourai Editions' bankruptcy, the comic series has been published in France by both Dynamic Visions (since 2002) and Glénat (since 2004), the latter edition being a larger format. Since 2001, the manga has also been translated and released in Germany (Panini Comics/Planet Manga) and Spain (MangaLine Ediciones). In the Netherlands, Glénat has been translating and publishing the manga since 2008. Among the other markets that Berserk has been published in are South Korea, where it has been published by Dai Won since 1999, and Brazil, where Panini Comics has published the series in a demi-sized (120 pages) edition since 2005.
As of November 2010, the manga has sold 24 million volumes in Japan and 7 million overseas. The manga has published on an irregular schedule since late 2006.
Produced by OLM, the 25-episode TV anime series adaptation Berserk: Kenpū Denki (剣風伝奇ベルセルク Kenpū Denki Beruseruku?, lit., "Berserk: Legendary Wind Sword") first aired in a post-midnight slot from October 7, 1997 to March 31, 1998. The series begins with the 'Black Swordsman' arc, continuing through the 'Golden Age' arc (Golden Age). Though the manga storyline remains largely intact, many changes were made, with the modification or elimination of characters (one notable example being Puck), some of the series' most violent and brutal scenes, and material that would have extended the storyline beyond the planned run of the anime series. Themes of friendship and ambition are more developed and emphasized than those of causality and the supernatural, all of which were made with the approval of series creator Kentarō Miura.
In Asia, Vap Video has released thirteen VHS and twelve VCD including two episodes each (a single one in the last VHS and three in the last VCD) from 1998 to 1999 in Japan. The seven discs "DVD-BOX", using Audio-CD cases, was released in Japan in 2001, with the seven volumes being re-released later in individual DVD regular cases in 2003.
|Legendary Wind Sword
|Soundtrack album by Susumu Hirasawa, PENPALS and Silver Fins|
|Released||November 6, 1997|
Electronic, Progressive rock, Symphonic rock, Ambient, World music, Experimental
|Susumu Hirasawa soundtrack chronology|
|Singles from Legendary Wind Sword BERSERK Original Soundtrack|
|Single by Susumu Hirasawa|
|from the album Legendary Wind Sword BERSERK Original Soundtrack|
|Released||November 1, 1997|
|Format||Mini CD single|
Electronic, Progressive rock, Symphonic rock
|Length||4:00 (Standard and Original Karaoke)
4:05 (GOD HAND MIX)
1:51 (TV version)
4:04 (BERSERK - Forces 1.5)
|Label||Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE|
|Susumu Hirasawa singles chronology|
Susumu Hirasawa composed the soundtracks for both the anime and video games, using an eclectic selection of instruments (such as piano, bagpipes, violin, harp, flute, classic guitar, electric guitar, drums, harpsichord, synthesizer, and Amiga as well as voices). He received the offer to compose music for the series due to Miura being a fan of his works and listening to them while he works on Berserk, that also led to Miura almost never requesting a specific composition to Hirasawa. Hirasawa has said that Berserk doesn't feel like a self-restrained story, and that composing for the series is similar to the sensation of unlocking one of his inner restraints, leading to compositions on a "Berserk" style.
"BERSERK -Forces-" bears some resemblance to the Susumu Hirasawa track "TAKE THE WHEEL" from the AURORA album from 1994. "Ghosts" bears some resemblance to the Susumu Hirasawa + InhVmaN track "Tetragrammaton" from the Tetragrammaton album from 2008. "Monster" and "Fear" are variations on a composition, which was re-utilised to make "ZODDO II" from the "Sword of the Berserk: Guts' Rage" soundtrack from 1999 and the Susumu Hirasawa + InhVmaN track "No Mourn... " from the Tetragrammaton album from 2008 (based on the "Monster" arrangement). "Gats" bears some resemblance to the Susumu Hirasawa track "Echoes" from the Sim City album from 1995. "Murder" bears some resemblance to the Syun (90s revival of the 80s experimental project Shun, both lead by Susumu Hirasawa) track "Kun Mae #3" from the Kun Mae on a Calculation album from 1996 (which was re-utilised again for the Millennium Actress soundtrack). "BERSERK -Forces-" was remixed by Susumu Hirasawa in the P-MODEL kernel as "BERSERK - Forces 1.5" for the album SOLAR RAY Hirasawa best recycling album Recycled by P-MODEL kernel. The single's four tracks were re-released on 2009 as bonus tracks for the HQCD version of the Susumu Hirasawa album Technique of Relief. The single and the soundtrack (except "BERSERK -Forces- (Original Karaoke)", "TELL ME WHY" and "Waiting so long") were re-released as part of the Susumu Hirasawa box set HALDYN DOME, they were put on CD 10, with the soundtrack to Sword of the Berserk: Guts' Rage and the "Sign" ("Berserk Theme Song Collection"/"Theme tunes for Berserk video game (PS2)") single.
|Legendary Wind Sword BERSERK Original Soundtrack|
|9.||"BERSERK ~Forces~ (TV Version)"||Susumu Hirasawa||1:56|
|10.||"TELL ME WHY (TV Version)"||PENPALS||1:15|
|11.||"Waiting so long (TV Version)"||Silver Fins||1:22|
All songs written and composed by Susumu Hirasawa.
|2.||"BERSERK -Forces- (GOD HAND MIX)"||4:05|
|3.||"BERSERK -Forces- (Original Karaoke (オリジナル・カラオケ?))"||4:00|
|4.||"BERSERK -Forces- (TV version)"||1:51|
In September 2010, a wraparound jacket band on volume 35 of the Berserk manga announced a new anime project, which was later revealed to be a series of films intended to adapt the entire manga series. The first two films, Berserk Golden Age Arc I: The Egg of the King and Berserk Golden Age Arc II: The Battle for Doldrey, were released in Japan in February and June 2012. Berserk: Golden Age Arc III: The Advent was released on February 1, 2013 in Japan.
The voice cast features Hiroaki Iwanaga as Guts (replacing Nobutoshi Canna from the original anime), Takahiro Sakurai as Griffith (replacing Toshiyuki Morikawa), and Toa Yukinari as Casca (replacing Yuko Miyamura). The English voice cast features Marc Diraison as Guts, Kevin T. Collins as Griffith, and Carrie Keranen as Casca, all reprising their roles from the original anime.
Two video games based on Berserk have been released: Sword of the Berserk: Guts' Rage and Berserk Millennium Falcon Arc: Chapter of the Record of the Holy Demon War. The former takes place during the Hawk of the Millennium Empire arc (despite being released during the publication of the preceding arc) and was released in America before the manga or anime (hence the changed title), while the latter is set between volumes 22 and 27 (though it was not released in America).
In addition to video games and game guidebooks, Berserk has spurred on a range of different merchandise, from lighters to keyrings to Kubrick. Statues and action figures are produced by Art of War. A Berserk trading card game was released by Konami in Japan. A figure of Guts was released by Max Factory in its Figma line in January 2012.
- 【映画パンフレット】 『ベルセルク 黄金時代篇Ｉ 覇王の卵』 (in Japanese). 2012. ASIN B0075LJ616.
- "New Berserk Anime Project Launching (Updated)". Anime News Network. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Berserk's Golden Age Arc to Be Made Into 3 Anime Films". Anime News Network. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "1st Berserk Anime Film's Title Revealed". Anime News Network. 7 July 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Berserk Anime's 2nd, 3rd Films to Open in 2012". Anime News Network. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Berserk Film Slated for Next January". Anime News Network. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "2012 Berserk Film Trilogy's Main Cast, Staff Listed". Anime News Network. 24 August 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Berserk Trading Card Game". BoardGameGeek. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "第6回 マンガ優秀賞 三浦建太郎 『ベルセルク』" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Berserk (anime)|
- (Japanese) Berserk official page
- (Japanese) Berserk Films official site
- Digital Manga Publishing page for Berserk
- Art of War - Official Berserk merchandise
- Berserk (manga) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- Berserk (anime) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- Berserk at the Internet Movie Database