29 December 1893|
Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
|Died||13 November 1968
|Notable work||L'Idée (The Idea)|
Work with Lotte Reiniger
- The Ornament of the Loving Heart
- The Battle of Skagerrak
- The Adventures of Prince Achmed
- Doctor Dolittle
Bartosch created what some consider the first multiplane camera in order to achieve some of the effects for these films.
Work in Paris
In 1930 Bartosch moved to Paris and created the 30 minute film entitled 'L'Idée' (The Idea) to which he is most remembered for. The film is described as the first serious, poetic, tragic work in animation. The film's characters and backdrops were composed of several layers of different types of paper from semi-transparent to thick cardboard. Special effects like halos, smoke and fog were made with lather spread on glass plates and lit from behind. Bartosch based the film on a wordless novel of woodcuts by Frans Masereel, The Idea (1920).
L'idee, when released in 1933, featured a score by composer Arthur Honegger, including an ondes Martenot, which is believed to be the very first use of an electronic musical instrument in film history. The following year, Franz Waxman's score for Liliom (1934) used a theremin.
From 1933 to 1938, Bartosch worked on an anti-war film, St. Francis or Nightmare and Dreams, a 25-minute piece being financed by Thorold Dickinson. When the Nazis invaded Paris, he deposited the film at the Cinémathèque Française. The film was destroyed during the Nazi occupation, and only a few still images exist.
- Berthold Bartosch at IMDB
- The Idea animation master piece free at Internet Archive
- Re:voir DVD edition of The Idea
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