Berthold, Duke of Merania

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Berthold IV, Duke of Merania
Bertold and Agnes of Andechs Meran.jpg
Berthold IV of Merania and Agnes of Wettin
Spouse(s) Agnes of Rochlitz
Noble family House of Andechs
Father Berthold I of Istria
Mother Hedwig of Wittelsbach
Died 12 August 1204(1204-08-12)

Berthold (died 12 August 1204)[1] was the Count of Andechs (as Berthold IV, from 1172) and first Duke of Merania (from 1183), that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria. In 1188 he was appointed as margrave of Istria and from 1180 to 1182 he was duke of Croatia and Dalmatia.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Family, Marriage and issue[edit]

He was the son of Berthold I of Istria and Hedwig of Wittelsbach.

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz,[1] also known as Agnes of Wettin, and they had the following children:[1]


Berthold, Duke of Merania
Died: 12 August 1204
Preceded by
Berthold I
Margrave of Istria
Succeeded by
Otto I
Preceded by
Conrad II
Duke of Merania