Berthold, Duke of Merania
|Berthold IV, Duke of Merania|
Berthold IV of Merania and Agnes of Wettin
|Spouse(s)||Agnes of Rochlitz|
|Noble family||House of Andechs|
|Father||Berthold I of Istria|
|Mother||Hedwig of Wittelsbach|
|Died||12 August 1204|
Berthold (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (as Berthold IV, from 1172) and first Duke of Merania (from 1183), that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria. In 1188 he was appointed as margrave of Istria and from 1180 to 1182 he was duke of Croatia and Dalmatia.
In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.
In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.
Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.
Family, Marriage and issue
- Otto I, Duke of Merania
- Ekbert, Bishop of Bamberg
- Henry, Margrave of Istria
- Hedwig, Duchess of Silesia
- Gertrude, Queen of Hungary
- Agnes, Queen of France, married Philip II of France
- Berthold, Patriarch of Aquileia
- Mathilde, Abbess of Klitzingen
Berthold, Duke of MeraniaDied: 12 August 1204
|Margrave of Istria
|Duke of Merania
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