Berthold Wolpe

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Berthold Ludwig Wolpe (29 October 29, 1905 - 5 July 5, 1989) was a German calligrapher, typographer, type designer, book designer and illustrator. He was born in Offenbach near Frankfurt, emigrated to England in 1935 and became a naturalized British citizen in 1947. He was made a Royal Designer for Industry in 1959,[1] awarded an honorary doctorate by the Royal College of Art in 1968[2] and appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1983.[3]

Career[edit]

Berthold Wolpe's cover art for A Girl in Winter by Philip Larkin, published by Faber & Faber in 1965 (details).

Wolpe began his career as an apprentice in a firm of metalworkers, followed by four years as a student of Rudolf Koch at the Offenbach Kunstgewerbeschule. In 1932 he visited London and met Stanley Morison, who invited Wolpe to design a printing type of capital letters for the Monotype Corporation. The typeface, Albertus,[4][5] was first shown in 1935 and completed in 1940. When World War II was declared Wolpe, along with other German nationals living in England, was sent to an internment camp in Australia. He was permitted to return to England in 1941 and joined the production department at Faber and Faber. His use of Albertus and hand-painted lettering became strongly identified with Faber jackets in the years that followed, and continued from 1958 on the Faber paper covered Editions.[6] He remained at Faber until his retirement in 1975 and is estimated to have designed over 1,500 book covers and dust jackets.[7] A retrospective exhibition of Wolpe's career was held at the V&A Museum in 1980.

In addition to Albertus, Wolpe designed several other typefaces including Hyperion (1932), Tempest Titling (1935), Sachsenwald (1938), Pegasus (1938-9), Decorata (1955) and LTB Italic (1973).[8][9] He also taught at the Frankfurt and Offenbach School of Art (1929–33), Camberwell School of Art (1948–53), Royal College of Art (1956–57) and City & Guilds of London School of Art.

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of Past Royal Designers for Industry on the RSA website.
  2. ^ List of Honorary Doctorates on the RCA website.
  3. ^ Supplement to The London Gazette, 11th June 1983.
  4. ^ Owen Williams, 'Berthold Wolpe and his Typeface Albertus'. In: Letter Arts Review, Vol 20, No 1, 2006.
  5. ^ Simon Garfield. 'Albertus'. In: Just My Type: A Book About Fonts. London: Profile Books, 2010.
  6. ^ James Pardey, 'Wolpe, Albertus and Faber's Classic Covers.' In: Creative Review, December 2011.
  7. ^ Joseph Connolly, 'Berthold Wolpe: An Appreciation.' In: Eighty Years of Book Cover Design. London: Faber and Faber, 2009.
  8. ^ Susan Shaw. Berthold Wolpe. London: The Merrion Press, 2005.
  9. ^ Neil Macmillan. An A-Z of Type Designers. London: Laurence King Publishing, 2006.