Born in Essex and partly trained by Frank Matcham, Crewe and his contemporaries W.G.R. Sprague and Thomas Verity, were together responsible for the majority - certainly more than 200 - of the theatres and variety palaces of the great building boom which took place in Britain between 1885 and 1915, peaking at the turn of the century Crewe became known as one of the most dynamic architects of the 1890s-1900s, specialising entirely in theatres and later cinemas. He also designed the Paris Alhambra for Tom Barrasford, opening in 1904.
Crewe trained in Paris and London, where, as a young man, he was a frequent visitor to Frank Matcham's home. Up to the mid-1890s Crewe collaborated with Sprague, producing the Lincoln Theatre Royal as well as a number of theatres around London. It was after he branched out on his own that he developed what was to become his characteristic Baroque-influenced style. His work around the turn of the century was marked by horizontal balconies tied to ranges of stage boxes and elaborate ornamental features.
Crewe's last project, joint with Henry G. Kay was the Regal, Kennington Road (opened 17 November 1937) by the Arthur O'Connor circuit. Designed as split theatre-cinema, the Edwardian Kennington Empire would have been in decline by the time of building.
After World War II, many theatres that were not destroyed by bombing were in the way of redevelopment. The building boom of 1885 to 1915 was matched between 1950 and 1975 by theatre demolition. In that 25-year period, 35 theatres were demolished in Greater London alone. Of these, 20 were by Matcham.
The reputation of Matcham has been re-established over the last 20 years, as has that of Crewe. In 2004, the Palace Theatre in Redditch (built 1913) completed a £3.7 million facelift. A now rare example of Edwardian theatre, it was successful in bidding for a Heritage Lottery Fund grant. Experts believe the Grade II-listed theatre is one of only six examples that can be fully attributed to Bertie Crewe.
- Cecil Masey. Masey trained in Crewe's office working on large theatres and music halls that Crewe designed before the First World War. His designs include the Stanford Hall Theatre, Loughborough. In the early 1930s he worked for Sidney Bernstein on the creation of the Granada cinema circuit, including the Tooting Granada.
|Theatre||Location||Build Date||Original Seating Capacity||Screens||Status||Notes|
|Royal Court Theatre||London||1888||642||as sub to Walter Emden. Next to the Metropolitan railway station (now Sloane Square tube). Reconstructed in 1952 and 1980. An unimpressive auditorium, whose sight-lines could be improved, is the strangely antique setting for modern drama that generally preaches change|
|Olympic||London||1890||Demolished||with W.G.R. Sprague|
|Euston Theatre of Varieties||Euston||26 December 1900||1,310||Demolished 1960||with Wylson & Long. In use as a Cinema from the mid-1930s to 1950, then renamed the Regent Theatre|
|Sadler's Wells||London||1901||Fifth theatre demolished 1996||Remodelled|
|Liverpool Royal Hippodrome||Liverpool||1902||4,000||Demolished 1984||The first of the Barrasford halls. The ceiling was painted by Secard, depicting flying cupids upon beds of clouds. From 1931-1967 it was a cinema|
|Lyceum||London||1904||2,000||New Auditorium||Built behind Samuel Beazley's original facade and portico|
|Pavilion||Glasgow||1904||1.499||Now renovated, the theatre is a remarkable original survivor as a commercial theatre. Built for Tom Barrasford.|
|Palace||Gorbals, Glasgow||1904||2,000||Demolished 1976||Cine-variety from 1914, sold to H Maitles. Bingo from 1962|
|Theatre Royal||Bury St Edmunds||1906||Alterations||Designed by William Wilkins it opened on 11 October 1819. Redesigned by Crewe in 1906. Greene King purchased the freehold in 1920, but closed in 1925 and used as a barrel store. Air Vice-Marshal Stanley Vincent raised over £37,000 to restore and re-open the Theatre Royal in 1965, and leased to the National Trust in 1975 on a 999 year lease|
|Sheffield Hippodrome||Sheffield||23 December 1907||Demolished 1963||one of several large Hippodromes opened by Tom Barrasford in direct opposition to Oswald Stoll, then managing director of Moss Theatres|
|Royal Hippodrome||Belfast||1907||1,156||Demolished, now a Car Park||Became cinema in 1935, Odeon in 1961, and New Victoria Cinema in 1974. Bingo Hall in approx 1987 with occasional theatre use. Closed 1988. Demolished 1997|
|Nottingham Hippodrome||Nottingham||28 September 1908||The last Hippodrome to be erected by Thomas Barrasford|
|Hippodrome||Plymouth||1908||Destroyed by bombing and fire in 1941||Remains purchased in May 1958 by Plymouth Council for £4,000, building demolished|
|Oldham Palace||Oldham, Greater Manchester||1908||2,380||Demolished||Built for Walter de Frece, his wife Vesta Tilley performed on the opening night, and in 1915 it played host to the only pantomime undertaken by Gracie Fields. Converted to the Odeon Cinema in 1936, it became a three screen in 1974. Unsuccessful in this format, it closed the same year, and remained closed until demolition in 1983. Now the site of a council social services building|
|Hoxton Hall||London||1909||Internal Alterations||Built 1863 by James Mortimer, now an Arts Centre|
|Kingston Empire||Kingston upon Thames||1910||Converted to a pub and offices in 1956||with C J Bourne. Converted to a cinema in 1930, with Neon lighting was introduced to light the dome, the second theatre in the country to do this (the first being the London Coliseum) Sister theatre to Aldershot Hippodrome.|
|Shaftesbury||London||26 December 1911||changed to the Shaftesbury in 1963||originally Prince's, it opened with the play The Three Musketeers|
|London Opera House / Stoll||London||1911||2,660||Demolished 1957, became site for an office block.||Designed for Oscar Hammerstein in 1912, sold to London Opera House Ltd (a newly formed company) in 1913, transformed into a cinema by Oswald Stoll in 1916. A smaller theatre, The Royalty, built nearby opened 1960. Renamed The Peacock Theatre it presented the Paul Raymond revues. Today the Peacock is owned by the London School of Economics, it is a lecture theatre by day and home of Sadler's Wells' West End programme by night.|
|Empire Burnley||Burnley||1911||1,200||Auditorium reconstructed||Built 1894 under G.B. Rawcliffe. Converted to a cinema in 1938, now a Gala Bingo|
|The Hippodrome||Aldershot||3 February 1913||1,000||Demolished 1961||Partly refurbished, it reopened fitfully until about 1960|
|Golders Green Hippodrome||Golders Green||1913||3,000||Sold, controversially, to El Shaddai International Christian Centre.||Former home of the BBC Concert Orchestra|
|The Holm||Regent's Park||1911||Private House||First villa to be erected in Regent's Park. Designed in 1816-18 by Decimus Burton aged 18 for his father,James Burton. Further wings were added in 1911 by Bertie Crewe. More alterations were carried out in 1935|
|Palace Theatre||Manchester||1913||Auditorium Reconstructed. Now leased to Apollo Leisure||Built in 1891 by Alfred Darbyshire & F B Smith as the Manchester Palace of Varietie. The first computerised box office system in Europe was installed. Owned by the Palace Theatre Trust|
|Palace||Redditch||1913||399||£3.6M refurbishment and extension||Relatively small, it was used as a Bingo Hall from 1954-1971. Purchased by the council, converted to a theatre|
|Coliseum Theatre||Dublin||1915||3,000||Destroyed in the Easter Rising of 1916||with R.F. Bergin|
|Théâtre Mogador||Paris||1919||1,800||Since the nineties the Théâtre Mogador is also used as a concert hall||1913 Sir Alfred Butt leased an area in Paris. Built after World War I in the year 1919. The inauguration guests include President Wilson, in France to negotiate the Treaty of Versailles|
|Birmingham Hippodrome||Birmingham||1899||1,817||Internal Changes||Originally the Tower of Varieties and Circus, it is still a theatre as the Birmingham Theatre|
|Piccadilly Theatre||London||1928||1,400||with Edward A. Stone as a private theatre for Edward Laurillard. Interior decoration by Marc-Henri Levy and Gaston Laverdet|
|Phoenix||London||1930||designed with Giles Gilbert Scott and Cecil Masey, with Theodore Komisarjevsky as Art Director. Hosted the opening production of Noël Coward's Private Lives, starring Coward, Gertrude Lawrence, Laurence Olivier and Adrienne Allen|
|Saville||Covent Garden||1931||1,426||Converted to a twin screen cinema in 1970, now a quad screen||with Leslie Scott Slaughter. Builders were Messers Gee, Walker and Slater and it was designed by architects T. P. Bennett & Son. Leased by Brian Epstein in the 60s and is where The Beatles filmed the videos of "Hello, Goodbye". Jimi Hendrix, Fats Domino, The Bee Gees, The Who, Pink Floyd, Gerry & The Pacemakers, Elton John, Chuck Berry, Harry Secombe and Leonard Rossiter|
|New Bedford Theatre||Camden||1898||1||Demolished||Closed 1950|
|Capitol Cinema||Southgate, London||1935||1||Demolished September 1982||Odeon opened on 16 October 1935 with Edward G. Robinson in "Passport to Fame"|
|Century Cinema||Kings Cross||1900||1||Demolished||closed on 4 April 1968 with David McCallum in "The Heroin Gang" and Deborah Kerr in "Eye of the Devil". Purchased by Camden Council, an extension to the Town Hall was built on the site|
|Olympia Theatre||Shoreditch||1889||2,170||1||Demolished 1939||assisted by W.G.R. Sprague|
|Victoria Theatre||Salford||1900||1||Bingo Hall from 1973||Grade 2 listed|
|Regal Cinema||Kennington||1932||2,000||1||Presently boarded up, it is to be converted to flats, 2006||with Henry G. Kay, consultant for Duchy of Cornwall estate: Louis de Soissons. Probably Crewe's last project - he died the year it opened. Converted to a cinema in 1961|
- Theatre London: An Architectural Guide, Edwin Heathcote, ISBN 1-84166-047-7
- new venues in London
- LMA Learning Zone > Theatreland > Architects > Bertie Crewe (d.1937)
- "Rare theatre revamped to its best". BBC News. 2006-01-23. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- CinemaTour - Cinemas Around the World - Regent Theatre, London UK
- Theatres and Halls in Sheffield, South Yorkshire - Past and Present
- Plymouth, Hippodrome Theatre, Devonport
- Theatres and Halls in Oldham, Greater Manchester
- Arthur Lloyd's Music Hall and Theatre History Website, Peacock Theatre, Kingsway, London
- Anger as church buys hippodrome, Thurs 29 March 2007 Retrieved Sat 28 July 2012.
- history of television studios in London
- The Holme
- Microsoft Word - Conservation Statement.DOC
- Sansome Hall Architetcs, Milton Keynes UK - Theatre Refurbishment
- Théâtre Mogador, Paris
- Carthalia - London: Piccadilly Theatre
- Cinema Treasures | Odeon Covent Garden
- Corporation of London page on Bertie Crewe
- Theatre Trust dBase
- London Theatreland History
- Article on conversion of the Regal, Kennington Crewe's last project
- Theatre Architects and details of their Theatres
- Bertie Crewe, architect: architectural drawings of theatres are held by the Victoria and Albert Museum Theatre and Performance Department.