Bertolome Zorzi

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Zorzi, from an Italian MS of the 13th century, forming the central stroke of the "M" in the first line of Mout fort me sui d'un chant meravillatz.

Bertolome Zorzi[1] (Latin: Bartolomeus Gorgis; fl. 1266–1273[2]) was a Venetian nobleman, merchant, and troubadour. Like all Lombard troubadours, he composed in the Occitan language. Eighteen of his works survive.[3]

According to his vida, while travelling with a large band of merchants to Byzantium, they were captured by the Republic of Genoa, which was then at war with that of Venice, and taken prisoners to Genoa.[4] There Zorzi composed many songs from prison and even collaborated on some tensos with Bonifaci Calvo, a native Genoese troubadour.[4] In response to a sirventes in which Bonifaci blamed the Genoese for allowing the Venetians to gain the upper hand and insult them, Zorzi composed the sirventes Molt me sui fort d'un chant merveillatz ("I was very much surprised by a song") justifying Venice. The response convinced Bonifaci and the two became friends.[5]

Upon the release of the prisoners when Venice and Genoa came to terms of peace (about seven years later),[5] Bertolome returned to Venice and was rewarded by the Doge with the castellanies of Coron and Modon in southwestern Morea.[4] According to his vida, there he fell in love with a beautiful local noblewoman and spent the rest of his life.[4]

Bertolome Zorzi in prison.

Zorzi wrote a sestina entitled En tal dezir mos cors intra that alludes to the Perceval of Arthurian legend confessing to his uncle.[6] Zorzi also has been cited as one of several troubadours who protested Alfonso X's refusal to rescue his brother the infante Henry from an Italian prison.[7] In Mout fai sobrieira foli, each stanza of Zorzi's ends with a corresponding quotation from Peire Vidal's Quant hom es en autrui poder, whom he is defending from those who label him a "fool".[8] An example of Zorzi's poetry is below:

Qu'eu ai viscut ses merce,
Enics, plens d'erranza,
Ergolhos, de mala fe,
Ab desmesuranza,
Falsa contra maint lejal,[9]

And an example of his metaphor:

Atressi cum lo camel
Ten hom ab pauca liuranda
Benigne e forz e fizel,
Si ben li dona turmen . . .
Like the camel which
can be kept alive on very little food
and will be meek and strong and faithful,
even when it is beaten . . .[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His name also appears as Bertholome Çorgi or Çorzi in Occitan manuscripts.
  2. ^ Troubadours and Jongleurs
  3. ^ Elliott, 108.
  4. ^ a b c d Egan, 15.
  5. ^ a b Egan, 16.
  6. ^ Gardner, 445 n1, from Levy, 68.
  7. ^ Kinkade, 292 n29.
  8. ^ Chambers, 138–139, 196.
  9. ^ Strong, 441, from Levy, no. 5.
  10. ^ Archer, 50.

Sources[edit]