Bertschikon bei Attikon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bertschikon bei Attikon
Bertschikon lernejo 048.jpg
Coat of arms of Bertschikon bei Attikon
Coat of arms
Bertschikon bei Attikon is located in Switzerland
Bertschikon bei Attikon
Bertschikon bei Attikon
Coordinates: 47°32′N 8°49′E / 47.533°N 8.817°E / 47.533; 8.817Coordinates: 47°32′N 8°49′E / 47.533°N 8.817°E / 47.533; 8.817
Country Switzerland
Canton Zurich
District Winterthur
Area[1]
 • Total 9.71 km2 (3.75 sq mi)
Elevation 506 m (1,660 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 1,084
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Postal code 8544
SFOS number 0212
Surrounded by Elgg, Ellikon an der Thur, Elsau, Frauenfeld (TG), Gachnang (TG), Hagenbuch, Wiesendangen
Website www.bertschikon.ch
SFSO statistics

Bertschikon bei Attikon (or Bertschikon) is a former municipality in the district of Winterthur in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. On 1 January 2014 the former municipality of Bertschikon merged into the municipality of Wiesendangen.[3]

History[edit]

Bertschikon is first mentioned in 1255 as Bersinkon. The village of Gündlikon is first mentioned in 774 as Cundilinchova though the identification is debated. It is mentioned in 1162 as Gundilinchova.[4] The municipality was created during the Helvetic Republic (1798–1803) though it wasn't fully established until 1882. It consists of seven old municipalities; Bertschikon, Gundetswil, Kefikon (Canton of Zürich portion only), Liebensberg, Stegen, Gündlikon and Zünikon.

Geography[edit]

Before the merger, Bertschikon had a total area of 9.6 km2 (3.7 sq mi).[5] Of this area, 68.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 20.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 10.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 4.3% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (6.8%).[6] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.1% of the area. As of 2007 3.9% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[6]

The municipality consists of over 30 villages, hamlets and individual houses along the border with the Canton of Thurgau.

Politics[edit]

The Mayor is Brigitte Boller Schürch.

Demographics[edit]

Bertschikon had a population (as of 2011) of 1,049.[5] As of 2007, 5.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 51.3% male and 48.7% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (96.2%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.0%) and French being third ( 0.7%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 65.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CSP (10.2%), the SPS (7.4%) and the Green Party (6.1%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 27.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 61.2% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 11.7%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Bertschikon about 81% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 340 households in Bertschikon.[6]

Bertschikon has an unemployment rate of 0.81%. As of 2005, there were 109 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 44 businesses involved in this sector. 38 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 14 businesses in this sector. 99 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 23 businesses in this sector.[5] As of 2007 35.6% of the working population were employed full-time, and 64.4% were employed part-time.[6]

As of 2008 there were 184 Catholics and 684 Protestants in Bertschikon. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 71.8% were some type of Protestant, with 67.9% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 3.9% belonging to other Protestant churches. 17.5% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 1.4% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.5% did not give a religion, and 5.6% were atheist or agnostic.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[4]

year population
1836 823
1850 949
1900 643
1950 720
1960 733
2000 985

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  3. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 13 December 2014
  4. ^ a b Bertschikon in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 24 January 2014
  6. ^ a b c d e Statistics Zurich (German) accessed 4 August 2009

External links[edit]