|South Berwick, Maine
country = United States
|Motto||Latin: Dei Timor Initium Sapiente|
|Head of School||Gregory Schneider|
|Campus||Rural, 72 acres (29.1 ha), 11 Buildings|
|Color(s)||Blue and White|
|Athletics conference||Eastern Independent League|
|Location||Academy St., South Berwick, Maine|
|Area||81 acres (32.8 ha)|
|Architectural style||Richardsonian Romanesque, Victorian, Federal, Colonial Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||78000336|
|Added to NRHP||March 29, 1978|
Berwick Academy is a college preparatory school located in South Berwick, Maine. Founded in 1791, it is the oldest educational institution in Maine and one of the oldest private schools in North America. The school sits on a 72-acre, 11-building campus on a hill overlooking the Salmon Falls River, near the border between Maine and New Hampshire. Approximately 565 students in grades Pre-K through 12 (and Post-Grad) attend this coeducational day school, from approximately 60 communities in the surrounding regions of southern Maine, southeastern New Hampshire and northeastern Massachusetts.
Berwick Academy was founded in 1791 when citizens of Berwick, York, and Wells (then villages in the Maine Territory of Massachusetts) raised $500 to teach languages, liberal arts and sciences to "the youth in this part of the country." Chartered by Massachusetts Governor John Hancock later that year and armed with a classical educational mission, the school opened in a small hip-roofed Georgian building on land donated by Judge Benjamin Chadbournes. Today this building, dubbed the "1791 House," is home to the Academy's admissions office. The 1791 House is the oldest school building in the United States that is still utilized today.
From its founding the school contracted with the town of South Berwick to educate local students, serving both as a private college preparatory school and the de facto public school for the town. As the town grew and industrialized, the school's dual role necessitated campus expansion. A second Academy building (1830) was destroyed by fire in 1851; its successor, designed by architect Richard Upjohn, was itself superseded by the William Hayes Fogg Memorial Building. Built in 1894 by George Albert Clough in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, landscaped by Frederick Law Olmsted, and built complete with electricity and state-of-the-art science labs, it remains the main Academy building today.
In 1955, the contract with South Berwick terminated and the school reverted to a purely private "prep school," featuring boarding for boys, a day department for girls, and college preparation on a classical model for both. Considerable physical expansion during this period included the acquisitions of surrounding homes for dormitories and of adjacent lands for playing fields.
In the 1970s, the burdensome cost of housing students and the increasing suburbanization of northern New England dictated a further transformation from boarding academy to country day school. A Middle School was founded in 1971 and a Lower School in 1977; boarding was discontinued in 1976 and the dormitory-homes sold or converted to educational uses. In the subsequent decades the school's enrollment, endowment and physical plant have steadily increased. The school has come to occupy a unique academic position in between the 18th century American college preparatory school and the 19th Century progressive country day school – although it predates, sometimes by more than a century, most schools of either movement.
Berwick is governed by a 23-member Board of Trustees, with a Head of School in charge of fundraising and the day-to-day operation of the Academy. The three subsidiary schools are headed by Division Directors. The Middle School includes a Dean of Students and the Upper School has advisors, class advisors, Grade Deans and an Assistant Director. Berwick's four core values--"balance," "stretching through engagement," "a community of excellence" and "commitment to integrity"--anchor the organization of the school as well.
The Academy is divided into three schools: the Lower School (grades PreK–4), the Middle School (grades 5–8) and the Upper School (grades 9–PG). The academic calendar is divided into trimesters; students typically take year-long classes, with some trimester-length elective classes in the Upper School. Students follow a rigorous academic program combining classical education and technology. Berwick has a student-teacher ratio of 8:1 and an average class size of 14 students. In keeping with the school's classical mission subjects of study are diverse and include Liberal Arts, Sciences, Fine Arts, Music and Mathematics. The Berwick curriculum balances tradition with innovation and prepares students for college while ensuring they become ethical citizens that possess "virtue and useful knowledge."
Berwick Academy has traditionally prepared students for Bowdoin, Dartmouth, Colby and Bates colleges. While these relationships have continued, graduates now matriculate at a wide variety of highly selective colleges in the United States, including the Ivy League, the Little Ivies and the Ancient Universities.
Participation in sports is generally required for grade advancement. Middle School students are required to play three sports during their course of study, and participation in interscholastic athletics is required of Upper School students for at least one trimester per year. (Waivers are given to Upper School students participating in a sport not offered at the school.) Other after-school extracurricular activities, such as drama, dance, robotics, or independent research projects through the "Innovation Center", are offered as well. Lower school students participate in intramural sports.
Berwick currently fields teams in Golf, Soccer, Field Hockey, Cross Country, Hockey, Basketball, Swimming, Lacrosse, Softball, Tennis, Baseball and Rowing. Teams compete in the Eastern Independent League (EIL) and New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC) are divided by gender and skill level.
In September 2010, a new synthetic turf soccer and lacrosse field was installed on the campus.
Awards and recognition
- In 2011, a student was selected as a winner of the Arts Olympiad to represent the state of Maine. A few other students were also invited to participate in the workshops at the World Children's Festival.
- John Holmes Burleigh (1822–77), U.S. Congressman from Maine.
- John Noble Goodwin (1824–87) U.S. Congressman from Maine, Congressional Delegate from Arizona Territory, Chief Justice of Arizona Territory, and the first governor of Arizona.
- Sarah Orne Jewett (1849–1909), novelist, author of A Country Doctor (1884), The Country of the Pointed Firs (1896).
- Gladys Hasty Carroll (1904–99), novelist, author of As The Earth Turns (1933) and Dunnybrook (1943).
- Casey Coleman (1951–2006), radio broadcaster and play-by-by announcer for the Cleveland Indians.
- Mike Eruzione (b. 1954), former National Hockey League player and captain of the 1980 U.S. Olympic Hockey Team.
- Sam Fuld (b. 1981), Major League Baseball player for the Tampa Bay Rays, attended through 8th grade.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Berwick Academy selected to represent Maine at World Children's Festival". Fosters Daily Democrat. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2013.