Berwyn, Illinois

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Berwyn, Illinois
City
Motto: "The city of homes"
Berwyn is located in Illinois
Berwyn
Berwyn
Coordinates: 41°50′33″N 87°47′24″W / 41.84250°N 87.79000°W / 41.84250; -87.79000Coordinates: 41°50′33″N 87°47′24″W / 41.84250°N 87.79000°W / 41.84250; -87.79000
Country  United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Berwyn
Incorporated 1908
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Robert Lovero
Area
 • Total 3.90 sq mi (10.1 km2)
 • Land 3.90 sq mi (10.1 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.0 km2)  0%
Population (2012)
 • Total 56,800
 • Density 14,564/sq mi (5,623/km2)
  Up 4.9% from 2000
Standard of living (2009-11)
 • Per capita income $20,143
 • Median home value $210,200
ZIP code(s) 60402
Area code(s) 708
Geocode 17-05573
Website www.berwyn-il.gov
Demographics (2010)[1]
White Black Asian
60.5% 6.4% 2.5%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.03% 0.6% 30.0% 59.4%

Berwyn is a city in Cook County, Illinois, co-existent with Berwyn Township, which was formed in 1908 after breaking off from Cicero Township. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 56,657.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 56,657 people and 18,910 households in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 60.48% White, 6.40% African American, 0.59% Native American, 2.52% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 26.61% some other race, and 3.37% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 59.44% of the population. The population density was 14,527.4 inhabitants per square mile (5,609.6/km²).[3] Berwyn also has the highest population density (2010) of any township in Illinois. It and Cicero are the only townships in Illinois that have a higher population density than the city of Chicago.

The top five non-Hispanic ancestries reported in Berwyn as of the 2009-2011 American Community Survey were Italian (8.0%), German (7.8%), Irish (7.3%), and Polish (7.1%).[4]

As of the 2010 census, there were 18,910 households, out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were headed by married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99, and the average family size was 3.62.[3]

The age distribution was 27.8% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.[2]

For the period 2009-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $50,388, and the median income for a family was $55,946. Male full-time workers had a median income of $42,099 versus $34,989 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,143. About 12.5% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.[5]

History[edit]

The land that today makes up Berwyn was originally fairly marshy and cold. As the glaciers receded at the end of the last ice age, a giant body of water known as Ancient Lake Chicago was created. Over time, Lake Chicago grew smaller and became Lake Michigan, and the stream that connected the lake to the Illinois River became a swamp known as Mud Lake. Mud Lake extended nearly to the southern border of today's Berwyn.

In 1846, the first land in "Berwyn" was deeded to Theodore Doty who built the 8-foot-wide (2.4 m) Plank Road from Chicago to Ottawa. This thoroughfare became what is now Ogden Avenue in South Berwyn. In 1856, Thomas F. Baldwin purchased 347 acres (1.40 km2) of land, bordered by what is now Ogden Avenue, Ridgeland Avenue, 31st Street, and Harlem Avenue, in hopes of developing a rich and aristocratic community called "LaVergne". However, few people were interested in grassy marshland. Mud Lake extended nearly to the southern border of today's Berwyn, and the land flooded regularly during heavy rains. The only mode of transportation to LaVergne was horse and buggy on the Plank Road.

To encourage people to move to LaVergne, Baldwin sold an 80-foot-wide (24 m) strip of property to the Burlington and Quincy Railroad in 1862. The rail line opened in 1864, but the train did not stop regularly in the area. The railroad refused to build a station, so the residents of the area constructed LaVergne Station on Ridgeland Avenue in 1874.

However, the financial panic of 1873 and Baldwin's death in 1876 stunted the growth of LaVergne. Baldwin's daughter, Emma, inherited her father's estate, and in 1879 she sold most of the land to a group of realtors controlled by Marshall Field. The new development enacted building codes and stipulated the minimum building cost of each home. By the end of 1880, 12 new homes were built. By 1888, the settlement had grown so much that the Baldwin family donated the triangular piece of land bounded by Ogden Avenue, 34th Street, and Gunderson Avenue so that a school could be built. LaVergne School became the first public building in Berwyn.

In 1890 Charles E. Piper and Wilbur J. Andrews, two Chicago attorneys, purchased a 106-acre (0.43 km2) plot of land from the Field syndicate to develop. The land was bounded by Wesley, Kenilworth, 31st Street, and Ogden Avenues. By the following year, the two received approval from Cicero Township to double their land holdings.

Piper and Andrews wanted the railroad to a build a station in their development, but the railroad already had stations at La Vergne and at Harlem Avenue. Piper and Andrews decided to build a station with the understanding that trains would stop regularly. They did not know what to name their station so they consulted a Pennsylvania train timetable to a find a name. The name they chose was Berwyn, a beautiful subdivision outside of Philadelphia. After 1901, all settlements in the area were known as Berwyn.

While Piper and Andrews were developing the southern portion of present-day Berwyn, John Kelly was helping to develop the north part from 12th Street to 16th Street. This area was really a part of an Oak Park subdivision, and it even appeared on some maps as "South Oak Park". In fact, children who lived in this area went to school in Oak Park. John Kelly was known as "Mr. Everything" because he was a realtor, builder, insurance seller, and community servant.

In between the two settlements there was little except for a few farms. The area between 16th and 31st streets was not settled. There were only two paths by which to travel between the two settlements, and today these paths are known as Oak Park Avenue and Ridgeland Avenue. Although Berwyn was chartered as a city in 1908, it was not until the 1920s that this middle portion of land was developed.

During this time Berwyn was the area's fastest growing suburb. The city's stringent building codes resulted in block upon block of well-built brick two-story bungalows. Many also contained elaborate design elements typically not seen, such as stained glass windows, clay tile roofs, terra cotta, and intricate brick patterns. Today, Berwyn is noted as having the most significant collection of Chicago-style bungalows in the nation.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.90 square miles (10.1 km2), all land.[6]

Government[edit]

Nearly all of Berwyn is in Illinois' 3rd congressional district; the northernmost portion, between Roosevelt Road and 13th Street, is in the 4th district.[citation needed]

The United States Postal Service operates the Berwyn Post Office (1940) at 6625 Cermak Road.[7]

Mayors[edit]

Term Mayor
1908–1911 George H. Murphy
1911–1914 H.S. Rich
1914–1915 Charles Rudderham
1915–1917 G.M. Smith
1917–1923 George H. Anderson
1923–1925 Fred H. Rudderham
1925–1929 Frank Janda
1929–1931 Byron C. Thorpe
1931–1934 Frank Novotny
1934–1935 Maurice Shay
1935–1943 Anton Janura
1943–1945 Fred J. Mraz
1945–1946 Thomas Barrett
1946–1965 William J. Kriz
1965–1968 George Dolezal
1968–1969 John Faust
1969–1977 Emil Vacin
1977–1981 Thomas A. Hett
1981–1993 Joseph Lanzillotti
1993–2005 Thomas G. Shaughnessy
2005–2009 Michael A. O'Connor
2009–present Robert Lovero

Education[edit]

Berwyn is served by two K-8 school districts:

  • Berwyn North School District 98 comprises 4 schools: Havlicek Elementary, Prairie Oak Elementary, Jefferson Elementary, and Lincoln Middle School.
  • Berwyn South School District 100 comprises 8 schools: Emerson Elementary, Hiawatha Elementary, Irving Elementary, Komensky Elementary, Pershing Elementary, Piper Elementary, Freedom Middle School, and Heritage Middle School.

High school students, depending on residency, attend either J. Sterling Morton High School District 201's J. Sterling Morton High School West in Berwyn or J. Sterling Morton High School East in Cicero.

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates two PK-8 schools in Berwyn:

The third one, St. Mary of Celle, closed after the 2004–2005 school year. The building and premises are still used though. During the Depression, the tuition at St. Odilo was only 75 cents.

Parochial grade school students who wish to move onto parochial secondary education can attend nearby schools such as Fenwick High School in neighboring Oak Park, St. Joseph High School in Westchester, or Nazareth Academy in La Grange Park, all of which are co-educational. Trinity High School located in River Forest is a school for girls.

Berwyn North School District 98 used to host General Custer Elementary, which was built in 1908 and later torn down in 2000. In 2002, a new state-of-the-art school was built on the same site called Prairie Oak Elementary. Emerson Elementary and Heritage Middle School share a common wall, but are separate schools. When Lincoln Middle School was built in 1928, it never had a cafeteria or library, the library was across the street (now the Berwyn Cultural Center).

LaVergne School, built in 1888, was the first school built in Berwyn, the building had two classrooms with fireplaces. Despite community protest, the 50-year-old building was torn down in 1938. It was replaced with the Lavergne Education Centre.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to Berwyn's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[8] the top employers in the city were:

# Employer # of Employees
1 MacNeal Hospital 2,200
2 J. Sterling Morton High School District 201 1,000
3 City of Berwyn 550
4 Berwyn South School District 100 480
5 Berwyn North School District 98 382
6 Turano Baking Company 300
7 BP Amoco 90
8 Rosin Eyecare 85
9 Pillars 50
10 Physicians’ Record Company 35

Features[edit]

In 1956 the Cermak Plaza Shopping Center opened at the corner of Harlem Avenue and Cermak Road.[9] Notable original tenants included J. C. Penney, Walgreens, F.W. Woolworth, Kinney Shoes, Jewel Foods and Fannie May Candies. Cermak Plaza served as the main shopping center for the area until 1975 when the North Riverside Park Mall opened a half mile west on Cermak Road. Current tenants include Meijer, Marshalls, Party City, K&G, Office Depot and Dollar Tree.[10]

Berwyn was notable for the sculpture Spindle, created by artist Dustin Shuler and located in the Cermak Plaza shopping center along with other works of art. The Spindle was shown in the movie Wayne's World. It was demolished and scrapped on the night of May 2, 2008, to make way for a new Walgreens. Grassroots efforts to Save the Spindle failed to raise the $300,000+ that it would have taken to dismantle and relocate it, which was a major upset amongst supporters considering the sculpture did not encroach upon the new Walgreens final location. The two topmost cars were placed in storage; as of 2012 the Berwyn Route 66 Museum on Ogden Avenue proposes to incorporate them into a reconstruction of the Spindle.

Portions of the 2008 film Wanted with Angelina Jolie were also filmed in Cermak Plaza. Portions of the film A League of Their Own and Adventures in Babysitting were filmed at FitzGerald's Nightclub in Berwyn.

Berwyn has one of the world's largest laundromats, 13,500 square feet (1,250 m2) in size, with 161 washers and 140 dryers, a kids' play area, big screen TVs, a bird sanctuary, and free pizza on Wednesday nights.[11] It incurred extensive damage from an electrical fire in 2004 but was rebuilt in early 2006. This laundromat received considerable recognition for using a solar thermal system (the largest such installation in Illinois) to meet its hot water needs.[12]

Berwyn now has a growing arts community with a professional equity theater, an Arts Council and top notch music and entertainment venues. The area has become a haven for artists who enjoy a vibrant and affordable alternative to Chicago.

Berwyn is a very diverse community, with many larger homes on its south side and many smaller, bungalow-type homes on the north side around Roosevelt Road and Cermak Road.

For a period Cermak Road earned the nickname "The Bohemian Wall Street" due to the large number of savings and loans located there. In 1991 the Chicago Sun-Times reported that "Berwyn has the highest concentration of financial institutions in the world - a tribute to the frugality of its forebears." The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s hit the area especially hard.

Just off East Avenue is Janura Park, with three baseball/softball diamonds and a hockey/basketball arena.

In 1987, a large new YMCA opened at 2947 Oak Park Ave. The building had an Olympic sized pool, racquet, handball court, a gym, and exercise facilities; including a rehabilitation centre operated with the MacNeal Memorial Hospital.

Proksa Park comprises approximately 15 acres (61,000 m2) and is located between 29th and 31st streets. It contains numerous flower beds, 64 species of trees, 85 species of shrubs, as well as a small pond and stream. Recreational facilities include three tennis courts, two softball fields, and a large playground.

Another notable park, Baseball Alley, is right off East Avenue and 29th street stretching all the way to Ridgeland just next to Berwyn's Freedom Middle School. Baseball Alley is home to one of the more popular baseball teams in the neighborhood, Team Dynasty.

Horror host Rich Koz, aka Svengoolie, regularly comments on "beautiful Berwyn" as a long-running gag on his Chicago TV show.[13]

Annual happenings[edit]

From the 1920s thru the 1970s, Berwyn had a large CzechoSlovakian population, and to celebrate their heritage the Houby Day Parade was organized in 1968 and continues to today. It coincides with the fall mushroom harvest.

In the 1960s and 1970s, many Italian families moved into Berwyn. The Maria SS Lauretana Italian-Sicilian Religious Festival is still held near the Morton West High School grounds during Labor Day weekend.

Ogden Avenue is part of the "Historic Route 66" in Berwyn, and an annual Vintage Car Show that's been taking place in early September since 1990. Ogden Avenue is closed to traffic from Ridgeland to Oak Park Avenue, and hundreds of car enthusiasts come out to celebrate the spirit of Route 66. In 2006,[14] Berwyn has begun to host its annual art car parade called Cartopia. Art car artists from all over the country meet to show off their latest creations, and then a parade through the neighborhood.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 United States Census Data
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Berwyn city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Berwyn city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2009-2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP02): Berwyn city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009-2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Berwyn city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  7. ^ "Post Office Location - BERWYN." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on April 17, 2009.
  8. ^ City of Berwyn CAFR
  9. ^ Pleasant Family Shopping: The Art and History of Cermak Plaza. Pleasantfamilyshopping.blogspot.com (2010-02-02). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  10. ^ Renovation spurs revival at Cermak Plaza. Rejournals.com (2011-02-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  11. ^ Reader's Digest, May 2006, p. 94.
  12. ^ "World’s Largest (Solar) Laundromat" Re-opens!". Illinois Government News Network (State of Illinois). January 21, 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-08. 
  13. ^ Okuda, Ted; Yurkiw, Mark (2007). Chicago TV Horror Movie Shows: From Shock Theatre to Svengoolie. Lake Claremont Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-1893121133. "Perhaps the show's most famous catchphrase is...the pained cry of 'Berrrrr-wyn?' groaned by a chorus of off-camera voices and cued every time the Chicago-area suburb is mentioned." 
  14. ^ "Berwyn Arts Council Launches First Annual Cartopia Event.". 2006 PR Newswire Association LLC (2006 PR Newswire Association LLC). May 23, 2006. 

External links[edit]