Beryllium nitrate

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Beryllium nitrate
Beryllium Nitrate Diagram.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 13597-99-4 YesY=, 7787-55-5 (trihydrate)
PubChem 26126
ChemSpider 24337 YesY
EC number 237-062-5
UN number 2464
Properties
Molecular formula Be(NO3)2
Molar mass 133.021982 g/mol
Appearance white to yellow solid
Odor odorless
Density 1.56 g/cm3
Melting point 60.5 °C (140.9 °F; 333.6 K)
Boiling point 142 °C (288 °F; 415 K) (decomposes)
Solubility in water 166 g/100 mL
Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-700.4 kJ/mol
Related compounds
Other cations Magnesium nitrate
Calcium nitrate
Strontium nitrate
Barium nitrate
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Beryllium nitrate, also known as beryllium dinitrate, is an ionic beryllium salt of nitric acid with the chemical formula Be(NO3)2.[1] Each formula unit is composed of one Be2+ cation and two NO3- anions.

Hazards[edit]

Beryllium nitrate is a toxic chemical,[1] like all other beryllium compounds. It is also an irritant in small doses. When burned, it gives off irritating or toxic fumes. However, when massive short-term exposure occurs, acute pneumonitis can set in, but symptoms do not manifest themselves for 3 days.[1]

Preparation[edit]

Beryllium nitrate can be prepared by reacting beryllium hydroxide in nitric acid.[2]

Be(OH)2 + 2 HNO3 → Be(NO3)2 + 2 H2O

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Beryllium Nitrate (ICSC)". IPCS INCHEM. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Walsh, Kenneth (2009). Beryllium chemistry and processing. ASM International. pp. 121–122. ISBN 978-0-87170-721-5. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
HNO3 He
LiNO3 Be(NO3)2 B(NO3)3 C (NH4)2NO3 O FNO3 Ne
NaNO3 Mg(NO3)2 Al(NO3)3 Si P S ClONO2 Ar
KNO3 Ca(NO3)2 Sc(NO3)3 Ti V Cr(NO3)3 Mn(NO3)2 Fe(NO3)3 Co(NO3)2,
Co(NO3)3
Ni(NO3)2 Cu(NO3)2 Zn(NO3)2 Ga(NO3)3 Ge As Se Br Kr
RbNO3 Sr(NO3)2 Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd(NO3)2 AgNO3 Cd(NO3)2 In Sn Sb Te I Xe
CsNO3 Ba(NO3)2   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg2(NO3)2,
Hg(NO3)2
Tl(NO3)3 Pb(NO3)2 Bi(NO3)2 Po At Rn
Fr Ra   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Uut Fl Uup Lv Uus Uuo
La Ce(NO3)x Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd(NO3)3 Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac Th Pa UO2(NO3)2 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr