Bessèges

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Bessèges
Former railway station
Former railway station
Coat of arms of Bessèges
Coat of arms
Bessèges is located in France
Bessèges
Bessèges
Coordinates: 44°17′33″N 4°06′05″E / 44.2925°N 4.1014°E / 44.2925; 4.1014Coordinates: 44°17′33″N 4°06′05″E / 44.2925°N 4.1014°E / 44.2925; 4.1014
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Gard
Arrondissement Alès
Canton Bessèges
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Portales
Area
 • Land1 10.32 km2 (3.98 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 3,233
 • Population2 density 310/km2 (810/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 30037 / 30160
Elevation 146–492 m (479–1,614 ft)
(avg. 170 m or 560 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bessèges is a commune in the Gard department in France. It is situated on the Cèze river.

History[edit]

Historically Bessèges was a hamlet of Robiac. Its importance began with the opening of a coalmine in 1809, followed by an iron and steel plant in 1833, and eventually the railway reached it in 1857. The commune was created in 1858 from several neighboring districts.

At its peak in the late 19th century, the population was over 11,000. However, during the 20th century it declined and eventually the mine was abandoned, in 1964, and the steel-works in 1987. Today its economy is based on tourism.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1856 2,739 —    
1861 7,055 +157.6%
1866 8,671 +22.9%
1872 8,908 +2.7%
1876 10,668 +19.8%
1881 11,404 +6.9%
1886 10,653 −6.6%
1891 8,673 −18.6%
1896 7,962 −8.2%
1901 9,040 +13.5%
1906 8,219 −9.1%
1911 8,030 −2.3%
1921 6,368 −20.7%
1926 7,062 +10.9%
1931 6,357 −10.0%
1936 5,425 −14.7%
1946 5,648 +4.1%
1954 5,823 +3.1%
1962 5,720 −1.8%
1968 5,421 −5.2%
1975 5,255 −3.1%
1982 4,352 −17.2%
1990 3,635 −16.5%
1999 3,137 −13.7%
2008 3,233 +3.1%

Events[edit]

Bessèges is home to the Étoile de Bessèges road bicycle race.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]