||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2014)|
Location of Bessemer, Michigan
|• Total||5.47 sq mi (14.17 km2)|
|• Land||5.47 sq mi (14.17 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,424 ft (434 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,854|
|• Density||348.3/sq mi (134.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0621184|
The city is situated within Bessemer Township, but is politically independent. It is on US 2 with Ironwood several miles to the west and Wakefield several miles to the east. The Big Powderhorn, Blackjack and Indianhead ski areas are located within a few miles of Bessemer. Cross-country skiing and snowmobiling are also very popular in this area known as Big Snow country because of heavy snowfall influenced by nearby Lake Superior.
Bessemer was incorporated in 1884 as iron mining started growing throughout the Gogebic Range. The town was made county seat in 1887. The town then grew as many stores, motels, gas stations, and restaurants were built. The town declined as the mining business declined, but it has since generally stabilized.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $27,639, and the median income for a family was $36,739. Males had a median income of $28,958 versus $21,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,499. About 8.6% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,905 people, 888 households, and 511 families residing in the city. The population density was 348.3 inhabitants per square mile (134.5 /km2). There were 1,140 housing units at an average density of 208.4 per square mile (80.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.5% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.
There were 888 households of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.5% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.76.
The median age in the city was 45.4 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.1% were from 25 to 44; 29.5% were from 45 to 64; and 21% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.
- Otto Binder, science fiction and comic book author who co-created Mary Marvel, the Legion of Super-Heroes, and Supergirl among others.
- Jay W. Johnson, U.S. Representative from Wisconsin.
- Arthur Redner, halfback for Fielding H. Yost's 1901 "Point-a-Minute" football team.
- Al Rossi, Olympic bronze medalist.
Commercial air service is available at the Gogebic-Iron County Airport (IWD) north of Ironwood. Great Lakes Airlines operates flights from Ironwood to Minneapolis and from Minneapolis to Ironwood daily.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Al Rossi". Sports Reference. Retrieved March 2014.
- "ST. IGNACE-SAULT STE. MARIE-IRONWOOD". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
|Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about Bessemer.|
- Bessemer Herald, Google news archive. —PDFs of 1,343 issues, dating from 1894 to 1970.
Media related to Bessemer, Michigan at Wikimedia Commons