Stephens, Shanks & Sons Ltd.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bessemer (typeface))
Jump to: navigation, search
Stevens, Shanks & Sons Ltd.
Former type Ltd.
Industry Type foundry
Founded June 1933
Defunct 1984
Headquarters Southwark, London

Stevens, Shanks & Sons Ltd. was an English type foundry formed in 1933 by the merger of the Figgins Foundry with P. M. Shanks (Patent Type Foundry) to form Stevens, Shanks. Sometime after 1971 the foundry ceased operations and all materials (including Figgins' punches and matrices) went to St. Bride's Printing Library.[1]

Figgins Foundry[edit]

Vincent Figgins was an apprentice at Jackson's Foundry, but unable to purchase that foundry at Jackson's death. He therefore started his own firm in 1792. The term sans-serif was first employed in 1830 by the Figgins foundry. The founder's great grandson, Richard Herbert Stevens, arranged the merger with Shanks.

Patent Type Foundry[edit]

The foundry was started 1855 by John Huffam King. It was sold 1857 and renamed Patent Type-Founding Company. The foundry purchased a Johnson automatic typecasting machine in 1873. Known as P.M. Shanks & Co. from 1881 and finally as P.M. Shanks and Sons, Ltd. until its merger with Stevens.


These foundry types were produced by Stevens, Shanks:[2]


  1. ^ "[UK] Stevens, Shanks Pro". Dr. David M. MacMillan. 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  2. ^ Jaspert, W. Pincus, W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson. The Encyclopedia of Type Faces. Blandford Press Lts.: 1953, 1983, ISBN 0-7137-1347-X, p. 2408-249