|Beetroots (cultivated Beta vulgaris)|
|Beta vulgaris L. 
Beta is a genus in the flowering plant family Amaranthaceae. The best known member is the common beet, Beta vulgaris, but several other species are recognised. Almost all have common names containing the word "beet".
Wild Beta species can be found throughout the Mediterranean coastline, the Atlantic coast of Europe (from Greece to Syria), the Near East, and parts of Asia including India. This genus consists of biennial or, rarely, perennial species. Cultivated forms are members of Beta vulgaris. Those grown for roots are known generally as beets, and those for their leaves are chards. Leaves are small and glossly to large and crinkly or puckered. Small flowers are followed by knobbly seeds in profusion. Leaves of both forms are edible.
In cultivation, the plants prefer light well-drained soil, not too rich and adequate water. Some can be propagated from seed.
Beta adanensis (Beta vulgaris ssp. adanensis)
Beta cicla (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris convar. cicla)
Beta maritima (Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima)
Beta vulgaris (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris convar. vulgaris)
- Lord, Tony (2003) Flora : The Gardener's Bible : More than 20,000 garden plants from around the world. London: Cassell. ISBN 0-304-36435-5
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