Beta Coronae Borealis
Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
|Right ascension||15h 27m 49.7308s|
|Declination||+29° 06′ 20.530″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||3.65 to 3.72|
|Spectral type||A9SrEuCr / ?|
|U−B color index||+0.11|
|B−V color index||+0.28|
|V−R color index||0.2|
|R−I color index||+0.05|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||−18.7 ± 0.9 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: −181.39 mas/yr
Dec.: 86.84 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||29.17 ± 0.76 mas|
|Distance||112 ± 3 ly
(34.3 ± 0.9 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||0.97|
|Period (P)||10.27 ± 0.14 y|
|Semi-major axis (a)||0.205 ± 0.002″|
|Eccentricity (e)||0.524 ± 0.006|
|Inclination (i)||111.1 ± 0.9°|
|Longitude of the node (Ω)||148.2 ± 0.5°|
|Periastron epoch (T)||B1980.506 ± 0.014|
|Argument of periastron (ω)
|181.3 ± 0.7°|
Beta Coronae Borealis (Beta CrB, β Coronae Borealis, β CrB), which has the traditional name Nusakan, is the second brightest star in the constellation of Corona Borealis. Although it appears to the naked eye to be a single star, it is actually a binary star system. It is 112±3 light-years away and has an apparent visual magnitude which varies between 3.65 and 3.72.
In Chinese, 貫索 (Guàn Suǒ), meaning Coiled Thong, refers to an asterism consisting of β Coronae Borealis, π Coronae Borealis, θ Coronae Borealis, α Coronae Borealis, γ Coronae Borealis, δ Coronae Borealis, ε Coronae Borealis, ι Coronae Borealis and ρ Coronae Borealis. Consequently, β Coronae Borealis itself is known as 貫索三 (Guàn Suǒ sān, English: the Third Star of Coiled Thong.).
β Coronae Borealis was first announced to be a binary star in 1907, based on spectroscopic observations at Lick Observatory; J. B. Cannon published an orbit in 1914, finding a period of 40.9 days. Later spectroscopic investigations by F. J. Neubauer at Lick, published in 1944, found a period of 10.5 years, with no evidence for the 41-day periodicity. Antoine Labeyrie and his coworkers resolved the pair by speckle interferometry in 1973 and found that the two stars were separated by about 0.25 arcseconds; this work was published in 1974. The pair was also observed visually by Coteau in 1973. A number of orbits were subsequently published using visual and speckle-interferometric observations, both alone and in conjunction with spectroscopic data. In 1999, Söderhjelm published an orbit using speckle-interferometric data together with Hipparcos observations.
Neubauer's 1944 work found a small variation in the radial velocity of β Coronae Borealis with a periodicity of 320 days, suggesting the presence of a third, lighter, body in the system. A 1999 study of the system by long-baseline infrared interferometry performed at Palomar Observatory found no evidence for this, and showed that any tertiary companion with this period must have mass 10 Jupiter masses or below. This study also found very weak evidence for the presence of a companion with a shorter, 21-day, period, but the data was insufficient to draw a positive conclusion.
The brighter component is a Rapidly oscillating Ap star, with a period of 16.2 minutes. Of spectral type A5V with a surface temperature of around 7980 K, it has around 2.09 times the mass of the Sun, 2.63 times its radius and 25.3 times its luminosity. The smaller star is of spectral type F2V with a surface temperature of around 6750 K, and has around 1.4 times the mass of the Sun, 1.56 times its radius and between 4 and 5 times its luminosity. The system is around 530 million years old.
- V* bet CrB -- Spectroscopic binary, database entry, SIMBAD. Accessed on line September 8, 2008.
- Astrometric data, mirrored by SIMBAD from the Hipparcos catalogue, pertains to the center of mass of the β Coronae Borealis binary system. See §2.3.4, Volume 1, The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues, European Space Agency, 1997, and the entry in the Hipparcos catalogue (CDS ID I/239.)
- bet CrB, database entry, The combined table of GCVS Vols I-III and NL 67-78 with improved coordinates, General Catalogue of Variable Stars, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow, Russia. Accessed on line September 8, 2008.
- Multiplicity among peculiar A stars. I. The AP stars HD 8441 and HD 137909, and the AM stars HD 43478 and HD 96391, P. North et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 130 (June 1998), pp. 223–232, Bibcode: 1998A&AS..130..223N, doi:10.1051/aas:1998365.
- HR 5747, database entry, The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Preliminary Version), D. Hoffleit and W. H. Warren, Jr., CDS ID V/50. Accessed on line September 8, 2008.
- van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the New Hipparcos Reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–64. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
- From apparent magnitude and parallax.
- Entry 15278+2906, Sixth Catalog of Orbits of Visual Binary Stars, United States Naval Observatory. Accessed on line September 9, 2008.
- Entry 15278+2906, The Washington Double Star Catalog, United States Naval Observatory. Accessed on line September 9, 2008.
- The name is Arabic, apparently ألنسفان an-nasaqan "the (two) series".
- Nusakan, Stars, Jim Kaler. Accessed on line October 14, 2013.
- (Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
- (Chinese) 香港太空館 - 研究資源 - 亮星中英對照表, Hong Kong Space Museum. Accessed on line November 23, 2010.
- A list of six stars whose radial velocities vary, W. W. Campbell and J. H. Moore, Lick Observatory Bulletin 4 , #123 (1907), pp. 161–162.
- Orbit of beta Coronae Borealis, J. B. Cannon, Publications of the Dominion Observatory, Ottawa 1 (1914), pp. 373–405, Bibcode: 1914PDO.....1..373C.
- The System of β Coronae Borealis, F. J. Neubauer, Astrophysical Journal 99 (March 1944), pp. 134–144, Bibcode: 1944ApJ....99..134N.
- Speckle Interferometry. III. High-Resolution Measurements of Twelve Close Binary Systems, A. Labeyrie, D. Bonneau, R. V. Stachnik, and D. Y. Gezari, Astrophysical Journal 194 (December 15, 1974), pp. L147–L151, Bibcode: 1974ApJ...194L.147L.
- The Binary Nature of the Magnetic Star β CrB, L. Oetken and R. Orwert, Astronomische Nachrichten 305, #6 (1984), pp. 317–323, Bibcode: 1984AN....305..317O
- Interferometer Orbits for Seven Binaries, A. A. Tokovinin, Soviet Astronomy Letters 10, #2 (March–April 1984), pp. 121–123, Bibcode: 1984SvAL...10..121T.
- Astrometric-spectroscopy binary star orbits. IV - Beta Coronae Borealis, Karl W. Kamper, Harold A. McAlister, and William I. Hartkopf, Astronomical Journal 100, #1 (July 1990), pp. 239–246, doi:10.1086/115510, Bibcode: 1990AJ....100..239K.
- Visual binary orbits and masses post Hipparcos, Staffan Söderhjelm, Astronomy and Astrophysics 341 (January 1999), pp. 121–140, Bibcode: 1999A&A...341..121S.
- §7, Limits to Tertiary Astrometric Companions in Binary Systems, Matthew W. Muterspaugh, Benjamin F. Lane, S. R. Kulkarni, Bernard F. Burke, M. M. Colavita, and M. Shao, Astrophysical Journal 653, #2 (December 2006), pp. 1469–1479, Bibcode: 2006ApJ...653.1469M, doi:10.1086/508743.
- Bruntt, H.; Kervella, P.; Mérand, A.; Brandão, I.M.; Bedding, T.R.; ten Brummelaar, T.A.; Coudé du Foresto, V.; Cunha, M. S.; Farrington, C.; Goldfinger, P.J.; Kiss, L.L.; McAlister, H.A.; Ridgway, S.T.; Sturmann, J.; Sturmann, L.; Turner, N.; Tuthill, P.G. (2010). "The radius and effective temperature of the binary Ap star β CrB from CHARA/FLUOR and VLT/NACO observations". Astronomy and Astrophysics 512: 7. Bibcode:2010A&A...512A..55B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200913405. A55.