The population is 721 (ISTAC, 2003), its density is 6.96/km² and is excepted to reach 100/km² and the area is 103.64 km2 (40.02 sq mi). The population is the smallest in Fuerteventura as well as the province of Las Palmas and all of the Canary Islands. The city of Betancuria is named after Jean de Béthencourt and was founded in 1404 by Gadifer de La Salle and Jean de Béthencourt and was the main city in the central part of the island until the 19th century. It is located a main highway linking north to Puerto del Rosario and Tuineje and another east to Antigua. The main industries are agriculture and tourism. The Atlantic Ocean is to the west, the mountains cover much of the municipality along with barren land. Farmlands dominate the rest of the municipality.
Betancuria was the original capital of the Kingdom of the Canary Islands, and later capital of Fuerteventura. It was sacked by pirates. The island's capital moved to Antigua in 1834 before moving to the present capital of Puerto del Rosario.