Bethlehem Township, New Jersey

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Bethlehem Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Bethlehem
Historic Van Syckle's Tavern of Bethlehem Township
Historic Van Syckle's Tavern of Bethlehem Township
Map of Bethlehem Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in New Jersey.
Map of Bethlehem Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bethlehem Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bethlehem Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°39′54″N 75°00′43″W / 40.665036°N 75.011935°W / 40.665036; -75.011935Coordinates: 40°39′54″N 75°00′43″W / 40.665036°N 75.011935°W / 40.665036; -75.011935[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Earliest Mention 1730
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Paul Muir (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Christine Dispenza[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 20.828 sq mi (53.944 km2)
 • Land 20.711 sq mi (53.642 km2)
 • Water 0.117 sq mi (0.303 km2)  0.56%
Area rank 135th of 566 in state
13th of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2010)[7][8][9]
 • Total 3,979
 • Estimate (2013[10]) 3,928
 • Rank 414th of 566 in state
12th of 26 in county[11]
 • Density 192.1/sq mi (74.2/km2)
 • Density rank 510th of 566 in state
19th of 26 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08802 - Asbury[12]
08809 - Clinton[13]
08827 - Hampton[14]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3401905650[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882189[17][2]
Website www.bethlehemnj.org

Bethlehem Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,979,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 159 (+4.2%) from the 3,820 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 716 (+23.1%) from the 3,104 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Bethlehem was first mentioned in official records dating back to 1730, though details of its formation are uncertain.[19] Bethlehem was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798.[19] Portions of the township were taken to form Kingwood Township (1749, date uncertain), Alexandria Township (March 5, 1765), Union Township (February 17, 1853), Junction borough (February 20, 1895, now known as Hampton borough), Bloomsbury (March 30, 1905) and Glen Gardner (March 26, 1919).[19]

The Musconetcong River forms the township's northern border with Warren County. The northern half of the Township consists of the Musconetcong Valley while the southern half is covered by the Musconetcong Mountains.[20] The southwest corner of the township lies on what is known as the Hunterdon Plateau.

Geography[edit]

Bethlehem Township is located at 40°39′54″N 75°00′43″W / 40.665036°N 75.011935°W / 40.665036; -75.011935 (40.665036, −75.011935). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 20.828 square miles (53.944 km2), of which, 20.711 square miles (53.642 km2) of it was land and 0.117 square miles (0.303 km2) of it (0.56%) was water.[1][2]

The township is considered an exurb of New York City, lying on the western fringe of the New York City Metropolitan Area. The landscape is mainly rural in nature, featuring farms and forests, scattered with newer housing developments and older farm homes.

Mailing addresses and roads[edit]

Bethlehem Presbyterian Church, built 1871 on the site of two earlier churches

Mailing[edit]

Residents and businesses in Bethlehem Township have mailing addresses to nearby towns including Clinton and Hampton (and even Asbury, New Jersey which is located in neighboring Warren County), as 'Bethlehem Township' itself is not a mailing address.

Roads[edit]

Anderson Road, located within Bethlehem Township, begins in neighboring Union Township and ends in Bethlehem Township as a dead-end, or cul-de-sac. Consequently, Anderson Road cannot be accessed internally through Bethlehem Township; it can only be accessed through Union Township.

Wildlife and ecosystem[edit]

Various animals are native to central-western New Jersey, including red fox (vulpes vulpes),[21] black bear, groundhogs, wild turkeys, deer, squirrels, chipmunks, a variety of birds, and a plethora of insects and vegetation.

Trees include deciduous varieties and evergreen varieties.

There are also some fish in the streams of the county.

Black bears are the largest land mammals in New Jersey and are known to be most abundant in the northern-western regions of the state, including Bethlehem Township.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bethlehem Township, NJ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74.0
(23.3)
77.0
(25)
88.0
(31.1)
94.0
(34.4)
99.0
(37.2)
102.0
(38.9)
106.0
(41.1)
104.0
(40)
105.0
(40.6)
97.0
(36.1)
84.0
(28.9)
75.0
(23.9)
106
(41.1)
Average high °F (°C) 36.8
(2.7)
39.9
(4.4)
49.8
(9.9)
61.3
(16.3)
72.0
(22.2)
80.2
(26.8)
85.1
(29.5)
83.1
(28.4)
75.6
(24.2)
64.4
(18)
52.8
(11.6)
41.6
(5.3)
61.9
(16.6)
Average low °F (°C) 18.4
(−7.6)
20.0
(−6.7)
28.1
(−2.2)
37.0
(2.8)
46.9
(8.3)
56.0
(13.3)
61.7
(16.5)
59.9
(15.5)
52.0
(11.1)
40.0
(4.4)
32.2
(0.1)
24.0
(−4.4)
39.7
(4.3)
Record low °F (°C) −18.0
(−27.8)
−16.0
(−26.7)
−6.0
(−21.1)
14.0
(−10)
25.0
(−3.9)
34.0
(1.1)
41.0
(5)
37.0
(2.8)
27.0
(−2.8)
18.0
(−7.8)
2.0
(−16.7)
−14.0
(−25.6)
−18
(−27.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.78
(96)
3.16
(80.3)
4.27
(108.5)
4.30
(109.2)
4.62
(117.3)
4.64
(117.9)
5.16
(131.1)
3.67
(93.2)
4.31
(109.5)
4.48
(113.8)
3.82
(97)
4.29
(109)
50.5
(1,283)
Source: <Flemington 5 NNW Weather Station= >FLEMINGTON 5 NNW Weather station (2009). "Clinton, NJ Weather". Clinton, NJ Weather Data. Open Publishing. Retrieved 1 December 2009. 

Bethlehem Township falls under the 'Northern New Jersey' climate zone. According to the Office of the New Jersey State Climatologist at Rutgers University, the Northern climate zone covers about one-quarter of New Jersey and consists mainly of elevated highlands and valleys which are part of the Appalachian Uplands. Surrounded by land, this region can be characterized as having a continental climate with minimal influence from the Atlantic Ocean, except when the winds contain an easterly component. Prevailing winds are from the southwest in summer and from the northwest in winter. Being in the northernmost portion of the state, and with small mountains up to 1,800 feet in elevation, the Northern Zone normally exhibits a colder temperature regime than other climate regions of the State of New Jersey. This difference is most dramatic in winter when average temperatures in the Northern Zone can be more than ten degrees Fahrenheit cooler than in the Coastal Zone. Annual snowfall averages 40 to 50 inches in the northern zone as compared with an average of 10-15 inches in the extreme south.[22]

Bethlehem Township falls under the USDA 6b Plant Hardiness zone.[23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,335
1810 1,728
1820 2,002 15.9%
1830 2,032 1.5%
1840 2,370 16.6%
1850 2,746 15.9%
1860 1,859 * −32.3%
1870 2,211 18.9%
1880 2,830 28.0%
1890 2,308 −18.4%
1900 1,634 * −29.2%
1910 980 * −40.0%
1920 798 * −18.6%
1930 735 −7.9%
1940 791 7.6%
1950 857 8.3%
1960 1,090 27.2%
1970 1,385 27.1%
1980 3,045 119.9%
1990 3,104 1.9%
2000 3,820 23.1%
2010 3,979 4.2%
Est. 2013 3,928 [10] −1.3%
Population sources:
1800-1920[24] 1840[25] 1850-1870[26]
1850[27] 1870[28] 1880-1890[29]
1890-1910[30] 1910-1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[19]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,979 people, 1,344 households, and 1,148 families residing in the township. The population density was 192.1 per square mile (74.2/km2). There were 1,386 housing units at an average density of 66.9 per square mile (25.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.65% (3,806) White, 0.98% (39) Black or African American, 0.10% (4) Native American, 1.88% (75) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.50% (20) from other races, and 0.88% (35) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.02% (160) of the population.[7]

There were 1,344 households, of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.0% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.6% were non-families. 11.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.22.[7]

In the township, 27.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 18.1% from 25 to 44, 38.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.2 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $127,540 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,090) and the median family income was $130,580 (+/- $16,200). Males had a median income of $95,694 (+/- $16,468) versus $70,069 (+/- $27,112) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $44,477 (+/- $4,087). About 0.6% of families and 1.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[35]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 3,820 people, 1,266 households, and 1,092 families residing in the township. The population density was 183.3 people per square mile (70.8/km²). There were 1,303 housing units at an average density of 62.5 per square mile (24.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.51% White, 0.86% African American, 0.10% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.62% of the population.[33][34]

There were 1,266 households out of which 43.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.3% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 10.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.26.[33][34]

In the township the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the township was $88,048, and the median income for a family was $92,768. Males had a median income of $69,063 versus $41,806 for females. The per capita income for the township was $35,298. None of the families and 1.0% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 10.0% of those over 64.[33][34]

Most common first ancestries reported in Bethlehem Township were German (25.2%), Italian (14.7%), Irish (14.4%), Polish (9.2%), English (7.6%), United States or American (6.1%), French (except Basque) (3.3%).[36]

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents were India (22%), Germany (18%), United Kingdom (12%), Austria (9%), Russia (7%), Poland (5%), Netherlands (4%).[36]

Surrounding communities[edit]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Bethlehem Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Bethlehem Township Committee are Mayor John Muir (R, term ends December 31, 2013), Deputy Mayor John Graefe (R, 2015), Greg Glazar (R, 2013), John Jimenez (R, 2014) and Steve Keefe (R, 2015).[20][37][38]

Bethlehem Township's municipal buildings are located on Mine Road.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Bethlehem Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[39] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][40][41]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[43][44] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[45][46]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[47][48] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[49] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[50]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[51] As of 2014, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[52] Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[53] Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[54] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[55] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2014).[56][57] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[58] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[59] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[60][61][62]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,814 registered voters in Bethlehem Township, of which 514 (18.3%) were registered as Democrats, 1,113 (39.6%) were registered as Republicans and 1,186 (42.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[63]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 58.9% of the vote here (1,380 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 38.2% (896 votes) and other candidates with 2.2% (51 votes), among the 2,343 ballots cast by the township's 2,927 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.0%.[64] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 61.6% of the vote here (1,380 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 37.1% (830 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (36 votes), among the 2,239 ballots cast by the township's 2,692 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.2.[65]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.4% of the vote here (1,130 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 21.9% (373 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.9% (151 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (20 votes), among the 1,703 ballots cast by the township's 2,855 registered voters, yielding a 59.6% turnout.[66]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the schools of the Bethlehem Township School District. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[67]) are Thomas B. Conley School[68] for grades K - 5 (355 students) and Ethel Hoppock Middle School[69] for grades 6 - 8 (186 students).[70]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale, whis also serves students from Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[71] The school is part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, which also includes students from Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township and Tewksbury Township, who attend Voorhees High School.[72]

Transportation[edit]

The Township had a total of 57.76 miles (92.96 km) of roadways, of which 42.26 miles (68.01 km) are maintained by the municipality, 7.86 miles (12.65 km) by Hunterdon County and 7.64 miles (12.30 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[73]

Bethlehem Township is well-connected to major metropolitan areas (such as the Lehigh Valley in Pennsylvania and New York City) via Interstate 78 / U.S. 22 and Route 173. While I-78/US 22 pass through without any interchanges, the nearest exit is just outside the township in bordering Bloomsbury (Exit 7) and Union Township (Exit 11).

Public transportation[edit]

Public transportation is limited to one public bus service (The LINK) which services Hunterdon County. Fares range from about $2.00 to $10.00. Funding for operation of the Hunterdon County LINK System is provided by Hunterdon County, NJ Transit and the Federal Transit Administration.[74]

Points of interest[edit]

Spruce Run State Park and Reservoir is a New Jersey park located near Bethlehem Township in close-by Clinton Township. It is possible to walk or bike to Spruce Run from Bethlehem Township.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bethlehem Township include:[75]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Office of the Municipal Clerk, Township of Bethlehem. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Bethlehem, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Bethlehem township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Bethlehem township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Asbury, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Clinton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Hampton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 27, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  19. ^ a b c d Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 153. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Bethlehem Township directory, Hunterdon County. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  21. ^ Foxes in New Jersey, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish & Wildlife. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  22. ^ ONJSC, Rutgers University. Accessed December 1, 2009.
  23. ^ |source 1 = <USDA.gov= >"USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". USDA. USDA. Retrieved 24 February 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  25. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 21, 2013. Source shows population of 2,371, which is one more than shown in other sources.
  26. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 266, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 21, 2013. "Bethlehem township was incorporated in 1798 and contains the towns of Bethlehem, Charlestown, Bloomsbury and Junction. The New Jersey Central Railroad runs through the entire length of the township. The population in 1850 was 2,746; in 1860, 1,859; and in 1870, 2,211."
  27. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  28. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  29. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  30. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  32. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Bethlehem township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  34. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Bethlehem township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 13, 2012.
  35. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Bethlehem township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  36. ^ a b Bethlehem township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, City-Data. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  37. ^ Governing Body, Township of Bethlehem. Accessed November 13, 2013.
  38. ^ Wright, Terry. "Bethlehem Twp. Committee keeps John Graefe as mayor, John Jiminez as deputy mayor", Hunterdon County Democrat, January 6, 2012. Accessed November 13, 2013. "The Township Committee agreed to keep John Graefe as mayor for 2012, at its reorganization meeting Thursday, Jan. 5. And John Jimenez was chosen as deputy mayor. Both men held those posts last year.Also at the meeting, Committeemen Paul Muir and Jimenez were sworn to new 3-year terms on the all-Republican governing body.... Also on the committee is Greg Glazar."
  39. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  43. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  44. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  45. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  46. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  48. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  49. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  50. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  51. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  52. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  53. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  54. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  55. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  56. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  57. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  58. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  59. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  60. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  61. ^ 2014 Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  62. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Hunterdon County sheriff re-elected, GOP newcomers win freeholder seats", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2014. "County Sheriff Frederick Brown won a second three-year term over Democratic challenger Paul Carluccio. County Surrogate Susan Hoffman, who ran unopposed, also won re-election to a five-year term.When they join the all-Republican freeholders board in January, Lanza and Lagay will fill the seats vacated by Republicans George Melick and Will Mennen."
  63. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  64. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  65. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  66. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  67. ^ Data for the Bethlehem Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 14, 2012.
  68. ^ Thomas B. Conley School, Bethlehem Township School District. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  69. ^ Ethel Hoppock Middle School, Bethlehem Township School District. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  70. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Bethlehem Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  71. ^ Information Regarding Choice of District School, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed November 13, 2013. "In the past, parents and students of the North Hunterdon High School sending districts were able to select either North Hunterdon High School or Voorhees High School as their school of choice.... As our student population continued to grow and our two high schools reached, and exceeded, 90% capacity, the option of choosing Voorhees was eliminated in the 2005-2006 school year for the North Hunterdon sending districts (Bethlehem Township, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township – Clinton Town students still have choice as they are classmates at Clinton Public School with Glen Gardner students, who attend Voorhees)."
  72. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed November 13, 2013. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township; Voorhees High School educates students from: Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, Tewksbury Township"
  73. ^ Hunterdon County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 13, 2013.
  74. ^ LINK Hunterdon County Transportation, Hunterdon County Transportation. Accessed December 1, 2009.
  75. ^ a b c d e f Kreis, Anthony M. "By perseverance and fortitude: A Brief History of People and Events of the Township of Bethlehem", Township of Bethlehem. Accessed November 13, 2013.
  76. ^ Gnichtel, Frederick W. A History of Trenton: 1679-1929 Chapter XII - The Courts, Judges and Lawyers; Medicine and Doctors", Trenton Historical Society. Accessed November 13, 2013. "John T. Bird was born in Bethlehem, Hunterdon County, and studied law in the office of A. G. Richey in Trenton, but practised in Flemington where he became one of the leaders of the Bar."
  77. ^ Johnston Cornish biography, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 12, 2007.

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