Bethpage, New York

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Bethpage
Hamlet and census-designated place
Welcome to Bethpage.jpg
Bethpage-ny-map.png
Bethpage is located in New York
Bethpage
Bethpage
Coordinates: 40°44′48″N 73°29′4″W / 40.74667°N 73.48444°W / 40.74667; -73.48444Coordinates: 40°44′48″N 73°29′4″W / 40.74667°N 73.48444°W / 40.74667; -73.48444
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Town Oyster Bay
Area
 • Total 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)
 • Land 3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 16,429
 • Density 4,527/sq mi (1,747.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 11714
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-06387
GNIS feature ID 0943803

Bethpage is a hamlet located on Long Island within the Town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, New York, United States, as well as a census-designated place (CDP) with borders slightly different from those of the hamlet. The CDP's population was 16,429 at the 2010 United States Census.[1]

The area is served by the Bethpage Post Office, ZIP code 11714, whose boundaries are slightly different from that of the CDP. The area is also served by the Bethpage Union Free School District, the boundaries of which include parts of some surrounding hamlets, including parts of Old Bethpage, Plainview, and Plainedge. The Town of Hempstead, on its website, includes a small part of Bethpage hamlet that is in the Levittown census-designated place.[2]

History[edit]

Further information: Bethpage Purchase
NYS Historic Marker for the Grumman Corporation

The name Bethpage comes from the Quaker Thomas Powell (1641–1722), who named the area after the Biblical town Bethphage, which was between Jericho and Jerusalem in the Holy Land. Present-day Bethpage was part of the 1695 Bethpage Purchase. An early name for the northern section of present-day Bethpage was Bedelltown,[3][4] a name that appeared on maps at least as late as 1906.[5]

On maps just before the arrival of the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), the name Bethpage appears for a community now included in both the post office district and school district of the adjacent community of Farmingdale.[6] In 1841,[7] train service began to Farmingdale station, near a new settlement less than a mile eastward from what had previously appeared on maps as Bethpage. Schedules at that time do not mention Bethpage as a stop, but have a notation "late Bethpage".[8] On an 1855 map,[9] the location identified as Bethpage has shifted slightly westward to include a nearby area now called Plainedge.

Between 1851[10] and 1854,[11] the LIRR initiated a stop within present-day Bethpage at a station then called Jerusalem Station, and on January 29, 1857 a local post office opened, also named Jerusalem Station.[12][13] LIRR schedules listed the station also as simply Jerusalem.[14][15] Residents succeeded in changing the name of the post office to Central Park, effective March 1, 1867 (respelled as Centralpark from 1895 to 1899).[12][16] The Central Park Fire Company was organized in April 1910, and incorporated in May 1911. In May 1923 the Central Park Water District was created.

Following the 1932 opening of nearby Bethpage State Park, the name of the local post office was changed to Bethpage on October 1, 1936. The name Bethpage was, however, already in use by an adjacent community,[3] which resisted suggestions of a merger and instead renamed itself Old Bethpage. The change from Central Park to Bethpage was one of the last complete name changes of Nassau County's post offices.[12]

From 1936 until 1994, Bethpage was home to the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, which made, among other things, the F-14 Tomcat, the Navy version of the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark and the Apollo Lunar Excursion Module (LEM) for moon landings, and for this reason Bethpage is mentioned in the film Apollo 13. In 1994, Grumman was purchased by Northrop and formed Northrop Grumman. Although no longer headquartered in Bethpage, the company still retains operations there.

The Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Bethpage (NWIRP) started operations in 1942, west of the Grumman site.[17]

Cablevision Systems Corporation, a Fortune 500 company, is headquartered in Grumman's former main office.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), all land. For the 2000 Census, the boundaries of the CDP were adjusted compared to those of the 1990 census, with some territory gained and some lost.[18]

Surrounding areas[edit]

Levittown to the south and west, Hicksville to the northwest, Plainview and Old Bethpage to the northeast, Farmingdale to the east and North Massapequa and Seaford to the south (Plainedge).

Demographics for the CDP[edit]

Historical Populations[19]
Year
Population
1903 306
1909 530
1930 1,888
1940 2,590
1960 15,840
1970 18,550
1980 16,846
1990 15,761
2000 16,543
2010 16,429

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010,[20] there were 16,429 people, 5,710 households, and 4,516 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,564.5 per square mile (1,764.4/km²). There were 5,788 housing units at an average density of 1,597.0/sq mi (617.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.8% White 85.8% Non-Hispanic White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7% of the population.[1]

There were 5,710 households out of which 32% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. Of all households 17.9% were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.27.[1]

In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.[1]

The median income for a household in the CDP was $70,173, and the median income for a family was $78,573. Males had a median income of $53,404 versus $36,708 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,850. About 2.1% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,543 people, 5,710 households, and 4,516 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,564.5 per square mile (1,764.4/km²). There were 5,788 housing units at an average density of 1,597.0/sq mi (617.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.17% White, 0.29% African American, 0.02% Native American, 2.99% Asian, 1.00% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.75% of the population.[1]

The median income for a household in the CDP was $70,173, and the median income for a family was $78,573. Males had a median income of $53,404 versus $36,708 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,850. About 2.1% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[1]

Schools[edit]

Bethpage residents either belong to the Bethpage UFSD, Island Trees UFSD in Levittown or the Plainedge UFSD in North Massapequa (Plainedge Middle School is located in Bethpage).

Economy[edit]

Bethpage Business Park.

The grocery chains King Kullen and Best Yet Market are based in Bethpage. USPS also has a sorting facility in the town that serves the New York region.

Other points of interest[edit]

Bethpage was the home of the Grumman plant that produced the Apollo Lunar Modules, or LEMs.

Bethpage State Park offers five golf courses to choose from. One of them, the Black Course, was the site of the U.S. Open in 2002 and 2009. Tiger Woods won the event in 2002 and Lucas Glover in 2009. While the park and its five golf courses are located almost entirely within Old Bethpage and its offices are located within the neighboring Farmingdale postal district, it is easily accessed from Bethpage.

Bethpage Water District was announced as the best tasting drinking water in New York State at the state fair in Syracuse in 2006.[21] In 2010 chlorine was added to the drinking water following new Nassau County Board of Health regulations, leading many residents to complain that the taste of the water had declined.[citation needed]

Congressional Medal of Honor recipient, Stephen Edward Karopczyc, lived in Bethpage.[22] The former Karopczyc School in Bethpage (part of the Island Trees Union Free School District) was renamed for him. The school now houses the Island Trees Public Library. Popular Photography's Technical Editor Philip J. Ryan was also born in Bethpage. Former MLB pitcher Joe Sambito graduated from Bethpage High School. Bethpage is also the birthplace and current residence of attorney, Craig E. McElwee.

Bethpage has an ice skating rink called Town of Oyster Bay Ice Skating Center. It has two sheets of ice for skating. This rink is home to the Long Island Blues special hockey team, who practice and play home games at the rink.[23][24]

Superfund Site[edit]

Bethpage's history as a space and aviation epicenter have left a legacy of heavy metals and toxic waste byproducts dumped into the surrounding ground and leeching into the water. Bethpage as of 2012 has been declared a class 2 Superfund site. [25] The rate of cancers and birth defects in Bethpage is statistically well above the national average, to which many attribute to the polluted soil and ground water. [26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Town of Hempstead Map". Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  3. ^ a b "1873 map of Town of Oyster Bay". New York Public Library. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  4. ^ "LIRR timeline: 1898 map used as background". 
  5. ^ "1906 map of Central Nassau County". Retrieved 2011-04-30. 
  6. ^ W.W. Mather (1842?). "Geological map of Long & Staten islands with the environs of New York". New York Public Library.  Check date values in: |date= (help) (The location marked Bethpage is near Merritts Road, just north of Hempstead Turnpike. An unbounded area further east in Suffolk County is marked Hardscrabble. The map is dated 1842 with a question mark. Neither Farmingdale nor Hicksville appears on the map. The Hicksville LIRR station opened in 1837, and its absence suggests an earlier date for the map. The LIRR also had taken a different route east of Hicksville, arriving in Farmingdale in 1841.)
  7. ^ "Early LIRR History". 
  8. ^ "1841 Brooklyn Eagle LIRR timetable". Brooklyn Eagle. 1841-11-02.  (Whether "late Bethpage" is meant to indicate a flag stop at the community near Merritts Road, or that the area near the Farmingdale LIRR station had lately been called Bethpage has not yet been determined.)
  9. ^ "1855 Colton map". 
  10. ^ "1851 schedule without Bethpage". 
  11. ^ "Railroads". New York Times. 1854-04-13. p. 7. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  12. ^ a b c David Roberts. "Nassau County Post Offices 1794-1879". Retrieved 2007-12-23.  John L. Kay & Chester M. Smith, Jr. (1982). New York Postal History: The Post Offices & First Postmasters from 1775 to 1980. American Philatelic Society. 
  13. ^ Jerusalem was a community to the south, now called Wantagh. One of the reasons later given for changing the name from Jerusalem Station was that residents wanted to establish an identity of their own that did not depend on their being a station for another community.
  14. ^ "1863 LIRR timetable". Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  15. ^ The schedule shows the stop is 2 miles from Farmingdale and 3 miles from Hicksville, the same distances for the existing Bethpage LIRR station as of 2014.
  16. ^ Central Park in Manhattan had opened in 1859.
  17. ^ "RECORD OF DECISION Northrop Grumman". www.dec.gov. Mar 2013. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014. 
  18. ^ "New York: 2000 Population and Housing Unit Counts". September 2003. p. III-9. Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  19. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Unincorporated Village of Bethpage". January 21, 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-08-30. Retrieved 2012-04-20. 
  20. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1
  21. ^ [1][dead link]
  22. ^ Medal of Honor.com- Stephen E. Karopczyc
  23. ^ [2][dead link]
  24. ^ "Long Island Blues Hockey Club powered by GOALLINE.ca". Longislandblues.org. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  25. ^ "DEC Outlines Remediation Plan For Bethpage Plume". Antonnews.com. 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  26. ^ Author. "Blog Series: Letters to Grumman from the Bethpage Community, Part I". Bethpage Cancer Project. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 

External links[edit]