Bettino Ricasoli

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Bettino Ricasoli
Bricasoli.jpg
2nd
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
June 12, 1861 – March 3, 1862
Monarch Victor Emmanuel II
Preceded by Count Cavour
Succeeded by Urbano Rattazzi
In office
June 20, 1866 – April 10, 1867
Monarch Victor Emmanuel II
Preceded by Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Succeeded by Urbano Rattazzi
Personal details
Born (1809-03-09)March 9, 1809
Florence
Died October 23, 1880(1880-10-23) (aged 71)
Brolio
Political party Historical Right
Signature

Bettino Ricasoli, 1st Baron Ricasoli, 1st Count of Brolio (March 29, 1809, Florence – October 23, 1880; Italian pronunciation: [riˈkaːsoli]) was an Italian statesman.

Biography[edit]

Ricasoli was born in Florence. Left an orphan at eighteen, with an estate heavily encumbered, he was by special decree of the grand duke of Tuscany declared of age and entrusted with the guardianship of his younger brothers. Interrupting his studies, he withdrew to Brolio, and by careful management disencumbered the family possessions. In 1847 he founded the journal La Patria, and addressed to the grand duke a memorial suggesting remedies for the difficulties of the state. In 1848 he was elected Gonfaloniere of Florence, but resigned on account of the anti-Liberal tendencies of the grand duke.

As Tuscan minister of the interior in 1859 he promoted the union of Tuscany with Piedmont, which took place on March 12, 1860. Elected Italian deputy in 1861, he succeeded Cavour in the premiership. As premier he admitted the Garibaldian volunteers to the regular army, revoked the decree of exile against Mazzini, and attempted reconciliation with the Vatican; but his efforts were rendered ineffectual by the non possumus of the pope.

Disdainful of the intrigues of his rival Rattazzi, he found himself obliged in 1862 to resign office, but returned to power in 1866. On this occasion he refused Napoleon III's offer to cede Venetia to Italy, on condition that Italy should abandon the Prussian alliance, and also refused the Prussian decoration of the Black Eagle because La Marmora, author of the alliance, was not to receive it.

Upon the departure of the French troops from Rome at the end of 1866 he again attempted to conciliate the Vatican with a convention, in virtue of which Italy would have restored to the Church the property of the suppressed religious orders in return for the gradual payment of 24,000,000. In order to mollify the Vatican he conceded the exequatur to forty-five bishops inimical to the Italian régime. The Vatican accepted his proposal, but the Italian Chamber proved refractory, and, though dissolved by Ricasoli, returned more hostile than before. Without waiting for a vote, Ricasoli resigned office and thenceforward practically disappeared from political life, speaking in the Chamber only upon rare occasions. He died at Brolio on the 23rd of October 1880.

The barone created the modern recipe of Chianti wine; the family named firm still produces wine at Brolio.[1]

His private life and public career were marked by the utmost integrity, and by a rigid austerity which earned him the name of the Iron Baron. In spite of the failure of his ecclesiastical scheme, he remains one of the most noteworthy figures of the Italian Risorgimento.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lechmere, Adam (February 3, 2009). "Ricasoli to release original Chianti 'formula'". decanter.com - the route to all good wine. Decanter (magazine). Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Pronunciation of the surname Ricasoli from Dizionario d'ortografia e di pronunzia
  • Tabarrini and Gotti, Lettere e documenti del barone Bettino Ricasoli, 10 vols. (Florence, 1886-1894)
  • Passerini, Genealogia e storia della famiglia Ricasoli (ibid. 1861)
  • Gotti, Vita del barone Bettino Ricasoli (ibid. 1894).

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Marco Minghetti
Italian Minister of the Interior
1861 – 1862
Succeeded by
Urbano Rattazzi
Preceded by
Count Camillo Benso di Cavour
Prime Minister of Italy
1861 – 1862
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1861 – 1862
Preceded by
Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora
Prime Minister of Italy
1866 – 1867
Preceded by
Desiderio Chiaves
Italian Minister of the Interior
1866 – 1867