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Jacques Claude, comte de Beugnot (25 July 1761 – 24 June 1835) was a French politician before, during, and after the French Revolution. His son Auguste Arthur Beugnot was an historian and scholar.
Biography [ edit ]
Revolution [ edit ]
Bar-sur-Aube ( Aube), he served as a magistrate under the , and was elected deputy to the ancien régime Legislative Assembly (1791). A Feuillant and later a Girondist, he was proscribed along with the Girondists after François Hanriot's intervention and the trial of October 1793, and was imprisoned in the Conciergerie until the Thermidorian Reaction.
Napoleon [ edit ]
He next entered into relations with the family of
Napoleon Bonaparte, and in 1799, after the coup of 18 Brumaire, again entered politics, becoming successively of the préfet Seine-Inférieure , member of the département , and finance minister to Conseil d'État Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, during the First French Empire.
In 1808 Beugnot, who had meanwhile been appointed administrator of the
Grand Duchy of Berg-Cleves, received the cross of an with the title of Officier de la Légion d'honneur count. He returned to France in 1813, after the battle of Leipzig, and was made prefect of the département of Nord.
Bourbons [ edit ]
In 1814 he was a member of the provisional government as
Minister of the Interior, and rallied to the House of Bourbon. King Louis XVIII named him director-general of police and afterwards Naval Minister. He followed Louis to Ghent during the Hundred Days, became one of his confidants, and contributed to draw up Louis's Charter. He claimed (in his Mémoires) to have also furnished the text of the proclamation addressed by the king to the French people before his return to France - but it is known now that it was another text that was adopted.
After the full
Bourbon Restoration, lacking the support of the Ultra-royalists, he was given the title of Minister of State without portfolio, which was equivalent to a retirement. Elected deputy, he attached himself to the moderate party, and defended the liberty of the press. In 1830, he was made a Peer of France by Charles X, and confirmed by Louis-Philippe after the July Revolution, becoming and director-general of manufactures and commerce.
References [ edit ]