Beulaville, North Carolina

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Beulaville, North Carolina
Town
Dowtown Beulaville.jpg
Official seal of Beulaville, North Carolina
Seal
Motto: "A Place To Come Home To"
Beulaville, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Beulaville, North Carolina
Beulaville, North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°55′25″N 77°46′27″W / 34.92361°N 77.77417°W / 34.92361; -77.77417Coordinates: 34°55′25″N 77°46′27″W / 34.92361°N 77.77417°W / 34.92361; -77.77417
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Duplin
Government
 • Mayor Kenneth L. Smith
Area
 • Total 1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Land 1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 85 ft (26 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,296
 • Density 734.8/sq mi (283.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28518
Area code(s) 910
FIPS code 37-05660[1]
GNIS feature ID 1019119[2]
Website www.townofbeulaville.com

Beulaville is a town located in Duplin County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,296 as of 2010, making it the fourth most populous town in the county.[3] The community lies within the Limestone Creek Township.

History[edit]

Native American Presence[edit]

The earliest Native Americans thought to have roamed the area were the Joara, (whose settlements date back to AD 1000) based out of Burke County; The Joara were the chiefdom of the Mississippian culture.[4] Immediately prior to European colonization in the early 18th century, the coastal plain of North Carolina was home to many distinct Native American tribes: The Coree, Coharie, several small Neusiok communities, and the Tuscarora. This latter tribe gradually became the most dominant in the region as smaller tribes were either exterminated by Europeans or peacefully assimilated into the Tuscarora for collective security. By the time of permanent European settlement, the Tuscarora were utilizing the heavily forested areas of Eastern Duplin County as a hunting ground.

Native American burial mounds are numerous in Duplin County, in the rural areas surrounding Beulaville especially. There are four sizable mounds within a ten mile radius of the town, the two largest being in the vicinity of Hallsville and Sarecta. Combined, these mounds contain roughly one hundred bodies.[5]

European Settlement[edit]

The arrival of the Palatines at New Bern and ensuing wave of English and Welsh settlers sparked a conflict known as the Tuscarora War (1710-1715). With the elimination of the last Tuscarora stronghold at Fort Neoheroka and subsequent exodus of the remainder of the tribe to New York (They became the sixth nation of the Iroquois Confederacy), the interior of the coastal plain was made available for European settlement. Thusly, many of the original European settlers of what is now Beulaville arrived from Jones, Onslow, Beaufort, and Craven County.

In 1736, Duplin County (then upper New Hanover County) was the destination of several hundred Ulster Scots (Scotch-Irish) and a handful of Swiss Protestants. They settled on a plot of land, 71,160 acres between the N. E. Cape Fear River and Black River, obtained from the Crown by Henry McCulloh Esq. of London. Their first settlements were Soracta (Sarecta) on the Northeast Cape Fear, an area at the lower end of Goshen Swamp (then called Woodward's Chase), and the grove where the Duplin County Courthouse now stands.[6] According to census records, several families of Sarecta and the settlement at the south end of Goshen Swamp had gravitated to the crossroads of what would become Beulaville by the middle of the nineteenth century.

Beulaville proper was founded as "Snatchet" in 1873 out of necessity for a trading center for nearby farmers and those in the business of logging and turpentine production. Also colloquially referred to as "Tearshirt" by locals, the town was once notorious for alcoholism and frequent street brawls. Indeed, the manufacture and distribution of corn liquor remained a steady source of income for many families well into the 20th century. Upon demolition of a prominent downtown building (which had formerly served as a soda shop in the 1950's) to make way for a McDonald's, a moonshine still and several barrels of the drink were uncovered in the basement.[7]

The Kinston Carolina Railroad and Lumber Company constructed a railway from Kinston to Pink Hill around the year 1900. In response, residents of the Limestone Creek Township spent $15,000 to lobby for the creation of the "Duplin County Railroad" in 1916, extending the Kinston line through Beulaville and Chinquapin. The rail, which ran alongside present-day Railroad Street, has since been destroyed.[8] The post office of Snatchet was officially re-designated as Beulaville in 1910 and the town was incorporated five years later. The town's name is derived from the Beulah Baptist Church (Now the Beulaville Baptist Church). Beulaville remains the most recent town to be incorporated in Duplin County.

Archie Lanier's Store

Education[edit]

Former Beulaville High School

The public school system in Beulaville had its beginnings in 1839 when the county passed a tax for the school's support. The school commenced operations in a small wooden building employing just one teacher. By 1901, however, the small school was employing four teachers.[9] In 1906, property was purchased for a new school. A new two-story wooden building was erected and first used in the school year of 1917-1918; The enrollment for that year was nearly 200. Three additions – the auditorium, gym, and band building – were added in 1923 and additional tracts of land were purchased for the school between the years of 1933-1950. On November 6, 1945, the school's main building burned to the ground. Only the John Hargett Gymnasium and auditorium were spared. School continued in these buildings and the teacherage located next-door until the fall of 1947 when the elementary school building was rebuilt and a new high school building had been constructed. Potter's Hill Elementary merged with Beulaville in 1960 and integration was implemented shortly after.

Beulaville is home to one elementary/middle school (Beulaville Elementary) and a high school (East Duplin HS). The mascot for both schools, as well as nearby BF Grady, is the Panther, the namesake of the Eastern cougar, which once roamed the swamps and forests of Eastern North Carolina. East Duplin High School was built in 1963 and consolidates the elementary schools of Beulaville, B. F. Grady, and Chinquapin.

Recreation[edit]

On the Banks of the Northeast Cape Fear River at Hallsville

Beulaville and her outlying areas offer much in the way of outdoor recreation. Situated only a few miles from the serene, meandering Northeast Cape Fear River, the town is an outdoors-man's paradise. There are two boat landings on the river within an eight mile radius of town. Unfortunately, these landings do not provide for any function other than boating. Overnight parking/camping is prohibited. The communal landing at Hallsville, which had, for centuries, been used by locals for activities ranging from baptisms to bonfires, has been closed off to the public.

The Cabin Lake County Park is but a short drive north on Highway 111; this man-made wonder is a fantastic location for large gatherings or a simple sleepy Sunday with a fishing rod. In way of educational experiences, The Tarkil Branch Farm Museum at Cedar Fork features a genuine 1830's homestead complete with over 850 artifacts; the operation is situated on a 375 acre working farm. Mike's Tree Farm, located on Haw Branch road, embraces "Agri-Tourism", allowing customers to pick their own fruits and vegetables. Additionally, the Whippoorwill Campground, located midway between Beulaville and Richlands off of NC 24, offers camping and weekend horseback rides.

Economy[edit]

The manufacture of naval stores and lumbering were the first marketable enterprises for the families inhabiting what is now the Limestone Creek Township. These commodities were ferried down the Northeast Cape Fear River (which, in the early nineteenth century, had been made navigable) to Wilmington. As demand for naval stores fell, however, the cultivation of corn and, most importantly, tobacco moved to the forefront. As many of the small-scale tobacco growers dropped out of the market due to tobacco buyouts, an economic stimulus was needed; it came in the form of hogs. Agriculture is still the economic lifeline of Beulaville (Duplin now boasts the second highest hog-to-human ratio in the country),[10] though service industries and manufacturing jobs are gradually supplanting this tradition. Viticulture has noticeably increased throughout the area over the past decade as well. The North Carolina Global TransPark, a 2,500 acre multi-modal industrial air terminal, is located 30 miles away in Kinston and is a perk for industry to locate to the area. Beulaville has also benefited greatly from its proximity to Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in both traffic volume on NC 24 en route to I-40 and job opportunities for citizens.

Roadside Tobacco Barn Near Sarecta
National Spinning, Beulaville Location. Lyman Road.

Notable Nearby Employers[edit]

Company Industry Employment (County-Wide)
Butterball, LLC Manufacturing 1000+
Smithfield Foods, Inc Manufacturing 1000+
Duplin County Schools Education 1000+
House of Raeford, Inc Manufacturing 1000+
Guilford Mills, Inc Manufacturing 500-999
County of Duplin Public Admin 500-999
Murphy Family Ven. Natural Res. 500-999
James Sprunt CC Education 250-499
National Spinning Manufacturing 100-249
Goshen Medical Health Svc. 100-249
Precision Hydraulic Manufacturing 100-249
McDonald's Hospitality 50-99

Churches[edit]

Beulaville Baptist Church
  • Beulaville Baptist Church
  • Beulaville Free Will Baptist Church
  • Beulaville Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church
  • Jones Free Will Baptist Church
  • Maranatha Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church
  • Church of Christ
  • Pentecostal Church of God
  • Beulaville Independent Church of God
  • Macedonia Holiness Church
  • Grace Covenant Church
  • Faith Deliverance and Restoration Ministries
  • Bible Believer's Fellowship
  • Beulaville Presbyterian Church
  • Beulaville United Methodist Church

Main Highways[edit]

Notable Residents[edit]

  • William Houston (b. 1710) A native of Ireland, Houston was a nephew of the wealthy London merchant and land speculator Henry McCulloch. Houston served as a stamp master of North Carolina; He resigned in 1765 during demonstrations in Wilmington against the Stamp Act. He served as a physician at Sarecta.
  • John Miller. A successful merchant, Miller was appointed the first postmaster of Sarecta. He migrated to Leon County, Florida, with other North Carolinians in the mid 1830s and established a successful cotton plantation called Miccosukee Plantation.
  • James Sprunt (1818-1884) A native of Perth, Scotland, Sprunt had planned to emigrate to New York to teach. His ship, however, was damaged during a storm and forced to stop at Wilmington NC, where he saw an advertizement for a teaching position in Hallsville. Sprunt accepted and taught in Hallsville for five years before transferring to Grove Academy in Kenansville. Sprunt left Grove Academy in 1860 when he was chosen to serve as principal of the Kenansville Female Institute. Sprunt was appointed pastor for the 20th North Carolina Regiment during the Civil War and traveled with the regiment until July, 1863 when he resigned due to dysentery. After the war, his positions included the Duplin County Register of Deeds and County Clerk. Additionally, Sprunt was an avid gardener and sold his plants to the National Botanical Gardens in Washington, D.C.
  • Grady Mercer (1906-1982) A Democrat, Mercer practiced law and farmed. Mercer became a county judge and, in 1959, a member of the North Carolina State Senate, representing the 9th District. Baptist. Member, Farm Bureau; Woodmen; Freemasons; Order of the Eastern Star; Shriners.
  • Charlie Albertson (b. 1932) Albertson is a Democratic politician who represented the 5th and 10th districts in the North Carolina State Senate from 1993-2010. Albertson also served in the North Carolina House of Representatives from 1989-1992 and held the position of Democratic Caucus Secretary from 2005-2010. He has earned the nickname "The Singing Senator."

Geography[edit]

Beulaville is located on the coastal plain of North Carolina in Duplin County. It is situated at 85 feet above sea level, with only minimal changes in topography. Limestone Creek, a small body of water that runs into the Northeast Cape Fear at Hallsville, borders the western boundary of town. Beulaville is 90 miles southeast of Raleigh and 278 miles south of Washington, D.C. The town's coordinates are 34°55′25″N 77°46′27″W / 34.92361°N 77.77417°W / 34.92361; -77.77417 (34.923533, -77.774053).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,067 people, 442 households, and 274 families residing in the town. The population density was 734.8 people per square mile (284.1/km²). There were 501 housing units at an average density of 345.0 per square mile (133.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 73.48% White, 20.81% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 3.94% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.81% of the population.

There were 442 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 76.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,059, and the median income for a family was $40,347. Males had a median income of $30,104 versus $24,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,571. About 15.4% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ US Census Data|http://www.census.gov. Retrieved 2013-11-19
  4. ^ “Joara” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joara#History Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  5. ^ “Notes on the Indian burial mounds of eastern North Carolina” https://archive.org/details/notesonindianbur00holm Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  6. ^ http://duplin.lostsoulsgenealogy.com/wd_history.htm
  7. ^ “Rowdy Town” http://www.wral.com February 18, 2008. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  8. ^ Report of the Corporation Commission for the Biennial Period ..., Issue 19
  9. ^ Beulaville, North Carolina: A History. http://www.freefeast.com/userpages/Beulaville1.shtml. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  10. ^ http://www.umich.edu/~snre492/statter.html
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]