Beuno

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Saint Beuno
St.Beuno - Fassade.jpg
St Bueno's church (left) and chapel (right)
at Clynnog in Gwynedd
Abbot
Born late 6th century
Powys
Died 21 April 640(640-04-21)
Clynnog Fawr
Honored in
Orthodox Christianity
Roman Catholism
Anglicanism
Canonized Pre-congregation
Major shrine Clynnog Fawr
Feast 21 April (trad.)
20 April (Cath.)
Attributes Abbot
Patronage sick children; against diseased cattle

Saint Beuno (Latin: Bonus;[1] d. 640), sometimes anglicized as Bono, was a 7th-century Welsh abbot, confessor, and saint. Baring-Gould gives St Beuno's date of death as 21 April 640,[1] making that date his traditional feastday. In the current Roman Catholic liturgical calendar for Wales,[2] he is commemorated on April 20, the 21st being designated for Saint Anselm.

Name[edit]

His name has been reconstructed as *Bou[g]nou in Old Welsh, with a proposed derivation from the common Celtic *Bou[o]-gnāw-, with a meaning related to "Knowing Cattle".[3]

Life[edit]

Beuno was said to have been born at Berriew in Powys and to have been the grandson of a prince of the local dynasty, which descended from Vortigern, king of Britain. After education and ordination in the monastery at Bangor in northern Wales, he became an active missionary with the support of Cadfan, king of Gwynedd. Cadfan's son and successor Cadwallon deceived Beuno about some land and, when the saint demanded justice, proved unsympathetic. Thereupon, Cadwallon's cousin Gwyddaint "gave to God and Beuno forever" his land at Clynnog Fawr on the Llŷn peninsula. Beuno established his own monastery at the site and died there peacefully "on the seventh day of Easter".[4]

Miracles[edit]

Beuno was credited with raising seven people from the dead, including his niece, the virgin Winefride (Gwenffrewi), and his disciple and cousin, Aelhaiarn. He was said to have had a "wondrous vision" prior to his death.[4]

Legacy[edit]

Eleven churches bearing Saint Beuno's name witness to his far-reaching missionary zeal, including one in his monastery at Clynnog Fawr, and one as far away as Culbone on the Somerset coast. Although his establishment at Clynnog is destroyed, his grave chapel survives. St Beuno's, a house of the Jesuits at Tremeirchion, near St Asaph, formerly a theological college and now a Jesuit run Spirituality Centre/retreat house,[5] is named for St Beuno.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sims-Williams, Patrick (2007) [2004]. "Beuno [St Beuno] (d. 653/9)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Baring-Gould & Fisher, "Lives of the British Saints" (1907), quoted at St. Beuno Gasulsych, Early British Kingdoms website by David Nash Ford, accessed 6 February 2012
  2. ^ National Calendar for Wales, accessed 6 February 2012
  3. ^ Koch, John T. (ed.), Celtic Culture, ABC-CLIO, 2006, p. 206.
  4. ^ a b Ryan, Patrick W.F. "St. Beuno." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 12 May 2013
  5. ^ [1]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.