Beuvraignes

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Beuvraignes
Beuvraignes is located in France
Beuvraignes
Beuvraignes
Coordinates: 49°38′45″N 2°46′09″E / 49.6458°N 2.7692°E / 49.6458; 2.7692Coordinates: 49°38′45″N 2°46′09″E / 49.6458°N 2.7692°E / 49.6458; 2.7692
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Montdidier
Canton Roye
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Michel Monard
Area1 14.45 km2 (5.58 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 826
 • Density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80101 / 80700
Elevation 77–104 m (253–341 ft)
(avg. 91 m or 299 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Beuvraignes is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Beuvraignes is situated on the D133 road, some 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Amiens, the town of Beuvraignes is situated in the centre of Picardie, to the extreme southeast of the fertile plain of the Santerre. Of linear growth, the town sits between Tilloloy, on the other side of the N17, the A1 autoroute and the TGV railway line and, on the other side, by Crapeaumesnil.

Beuvraignes is 5 miles (8 km) from Roye and 10 miles to the east of Montdidier.

Bounded by 10 other commune territories (four belong to the Somme department and six to the Oise), the population is divided up between the principal town and three hamlets, l’Abbaye, Cessier and Loges. The terrain around Beuvraignes forms a gently-rippled plateau limited by the valley of the Matz.

Etymology of the name of the commune[edit]

Beverinae (1048), Bevrigne (1148), Buvrigne (1184), Buveringnes (1300), Buvregnes (1362), Buveraines (1564), Buvringe (1625), Buverainge (1666), Beuvreines (1743), Beuvraignes (1767)

History[edit]

Different discoveries of the 19th century proved the Gallo-Roman origins of the town. Finds include pottery kilns and effigies of Nero and Posthumous. At this time, the territory was populated by the Veromandues, a Gallic tribe of Belgian origin, who lived in an environment of woodland and marshes. In the 13th century, Beuvraignes appears in the archives of the abbey of St. Eloi of Noyon, under which control it remained until the 18th century. Most people were peasant farmers paying dues to the abbey. Life was hard during the medieval period in the north of France, in between famines and the invasions of the English, Burgundians and the Spanish. Things changed little during the French Revolution for the peasants. The church was requisitioned and transformed into a gunpowder factory. The locals pleaded for their lord of the manor of Tilloloy, but he was guillotined under The Terror.

The 19th century was more kind to the people of the territory. Economic development and abundant harvests, the building of the castle at Loges (home to the baron of Septenville in 1798), the hiring of 2 teachers (rare in a rural environment under the Empire), installation of paving and a square for the town centre, a new chapel in 1867, the creation of the railway line between Roye and Compiègne, with a train station in the town (1879) and finally, the inauguration of a telegraph office in May 1900.

World War I broke the momentum, as, early in 1915, the town was razed and reduced to ashes. In 1919 when the first inhabitants returned, they discovered the town was more like a lunar landscape. It took 10 years to recover the fertility of the land and for the trees to flower and fruit again. Each year, farmers still find military traces of that terrible war. During World War II, the town was under Nazi occupation and classified as the forbidden zone. Beuvraignes had two prisoner-of-war camps. Some inhabitants were arrested and never returned from the Nazi camps.

Nowadays, the town’s economy consists of a bakers, a horticulturist, two plumbers, a mattress maker, a glass-fibre factory) and several other businesses.

Monuments[edit]

  • Beuvraignes military cemetery

Population[edit]

Historical population of Beuvraignes
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 604 660 623 603 610 694 781
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]