Beveridge, Victoria

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Beveridge
Victoria
BeveridgeHotel.JPG
Hunters Tryste Inn, 1845
Beveridge is located in Shire of Mitchell
Beveridge
Beveridge
Coordinates 37°29′S 144°59′E / 37.483°S 144.983°E / -37.483; 144.983Coordinates: 37°29′S 144°59′E / 37.483°S 144.983°E / -37.483; 144.983
Population 872 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 3753
Location
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Seymour
Federal Division(s) McEwen
Localities around Beveridge:
Romsey Wallan Upper Plenty
Darraweit Guim Beveridge Eden Park
Mickleham Wollert Whittlesea

Beveridge is a town in Victoria, Australia, located along the Hume Highway, 42 kilometres north of Melbourne in the Shire of Mitchell. An eastern rural portion of the locality is within the City of Whittlesea in Greater Melbourne. At the 2011 Census, Beveridge had a population of 872.

History[edit]

Beveridge was named after Scottish sheep farmer Andrew Beveridge who built the Hunters' Tryste Inn in 1845. The Inn still serves as a hotel, as well as post office and general store.[2]

Beveridge Post Office opened on 1 January 1865.[3]

Near Beveridge is Mount Fraser, an eroded extinct volcanic cone. It is a large scoria volcano with two craters, which last erupted about one million years ago. The north side of the hill is quite steep and reaches a height of 125 metres above the surrounding basalt plain.[4] From this location the explorers Hume and Hovell first saw Port Phillip on 14 December 1824.[2] A quarry now operates at the side of the hill and supplies most of Melbourne's scoria.[dubious ][5] A copy of the original Eureka flag flies atop this hill every year to commemorate Ned Kelly.[citation needed]

Ned Kelly[edit]

John Kelly's house, Beveridge

The town is principally known as the birthplace of bushranger Ned Kelly and his home for the first nine years of his life. Ned's birth was not officially recorded. Ned was born in December 1854 at Beveridge on the 41 acres Kelly farm near the Big Hill (now known as Mount Fraser). John 'Red' Kelly sold his farm for £80 and headed further north up the Old Sydney Road to Avenel in 1863 where they rented 40 acres on the banks of the Hughes Creek.

It is said that on the train heading south to Melbourne after his capture at Glenrowan in 1880, as he approached Beveridge Station he pointed to the left and said, "See that little hill over there, that's where I drew my first breath" (The Age, June 1880). Denheld argues that historians have mistakenly taken Kelly's words to have been spoken one month later on a train heading north to Beechworth for his preliminary trial, and have therefore looked to the other side of the railway line for the hill, concluding that this hill is Big Hill (now known as Mount Fraser).

At Beveridge a cottage where the Kelly family lived for a short time is still standing today, located on Kelly Street.[6] It is recorded that John Kelly built this house in 1859 when Ned was about five years old.[7] His brother Dan was born in the house.[8] The house was added to the Victorian Register of Historic Buildings in September, 1992.[9] Its design is unusual in Victoria and shows the Irish heritage of its builder. The Primary School is a bluestone building where the Kelly family once went to church and Ned went to school.[10] Located on a hillside, this Gothic-style building was built between 1857 and 1862 as both a Catholic church and a school. The sacristy and chancel were added in 1877.[11]

See also[edit]

  • Shire of Kilmore - the former local government area of which Beveridge was a part

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Beveridge (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  2. ^ a b "Beveridge". Redreaming the Plain. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  4. ^ "Mount Fraser". Victorian Resources Online. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  5. ^ "Hematite from Fe Quarry, Mt. Frazer, Beveridge". Mineral and Locality database. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  6. ^ "The Ned Kelly Trail - Beveridge". The Ned Kelly Trail. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  7. ^ "John Kelly house". nedonthenet. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  8. ^ "Kelly Beveridge house". Iron Outlaw. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  9. ^ "John Kelly House, Beveridge". Aussie Heritage. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  10. ^ McMenomy, Keith (1984). Ned Kelly: The authentic illustrated story. Melbourne, Australia: Currey O'Neil Ross Pty. Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0-85902-122-X. 
  11. ^ "Beveridge, Victoria". The Age Travel (Melbourne). 2004-02-08. Retrieved 2008-08-13.