Beverly, Chicago

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Beverly
Community area
Community Area 72 - Beverly
The residence of developer Robert G.Givens (1886), 10244 S. Longwood Drive. "The Castle", shown here in a period photograph, has become the symbol of the Beverly neighborhood and has been the home of the Beverly Unitarian Church since 1942.
The residence of developer Robert G.Givens (1886), 10244 S. Longwood Drive. "The Castle", shown here in a period photograph, has become the symbol of the Beverly neighborhood and has been the home of the Beverly Unitarian Church since 1942.
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°42.6′N 87°40.8′W / 41.7100°N 87.6800°W / 41.7100; -87.6800Coordinates: 41°42.6′N 87°40.8′W / 41.7100°N 87.6800°W / 41.7100; -87.6800
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 3.20 sq mi (8.29 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 20,034
 • Density 6,300/sq mi (2,400/km2)
Demographics (2010)[1]
 • White 58.82%
 • Black 34.13%
 • Hispanic 4.57%
 • Asian 0.56%
 • Other 1.92%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes Parts of 60620, 60643, 60655
Median income[2] $83,092
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services
Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 13,793
1940 15,910 15.3%
1950 20,186 26.9%
1960 24,814 22.9%
1970 26,797 8.0%
1980 23,360 −12.8%
1990 22,385 −4.2%
2000 21,992 −1.8%
2010 20,034 −8.9%
[3]


Advertisement from the Chicago Daily Tribune, November 24, 1889, advertising lots for sale in Longwood, Beverly, and the surrounding region. The area at the northern end of the ridge was first known as "the long wood", and the name of Longwood as an area of Beverly and by extension the roadway Longwood Drive perpetuates this early history.[4] The real estate firm of Samuel H. Kerfoot (1823-1896[5]) claims the distinction of being the first business to re-open in the burnt district after the Great Fire of 1871[6]

Beverly is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois. It is located on the South Side on the southwestern edge of the city. The borders are (roughly) 87th Street on the north; Bevery Avenue, Hale Avenue and Vincennes Road on the east; 107th Street on the south; and Californa Avenue and Western Avenue on the west. A segment of the eastern part of the Ridge Country Club lies with the boundaries of the community. Sparsely settled in the middle of the 19th century, Beverly began to be developed by business interests from Chicago[7] in the latter part of the nineteenth century, encouraged largely by the completion in 1889 of the suburban line of the Rock Island Railroad that runs parallel with the eastern edge of the Blue Island ridge (see the Ulrich & Son ad that appears elsewhere in this article). The natural beauty of its position on the ridge allowed the community to become an exclusive streetcar suburb, and the homes and large lots reflect this historic distinction. Beverly is located on the highest elevation in Chicago,[8] and is one of the most racially and ethnically diverse neighborhoods in the city[citation needed].

Access[edit]

An advertisement from the Chicago Daily Tribune that appeared on May 10, 1891 extolling the advantages of living in Beverly Hills.[9]

Beverly has quick access (by public transport or car) to all of the Chicago financial markets, shopping, airports, and attractions, yet retains itself as a peaceful and quiet wooded community. Beverly is one of the top five largest historic districts in any major city in the USA. The particular trains that are accessed by the Beverly community are provided from Metra's Rock Island line.[10]

North Blue Island[edit]

Beverly's architecture

Beverly features the work of many notable architects, including Frank Lloyd Wright, George Washington Maher, Harry Waterman, Robert Seyfarth, Tallmadge and Watson and Walter Burley Griffin. The house above (left) at 10200 S. Longwood Drive was built in 1890 by Horace Horton, the owner of Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. It was designed by John G. Long, who was inspired by the H.A.C. Taylor house in Newport, Rhode Island (right) by McKim, Mead & White (1886).[11]

Beverly is one of few areas in the City of Chicago that features a hilly terrain. This geography is due to its location in the middle of the geological formation known as the blue island ridge. In its early years of settlement this area as well as Morgan Park to the south was known as North Blue Island,[12] denoting its relationship to the village of Blue Island, which was settled in 1836 and is located a few miles to the south.

Ethnicity[edit]

The neighborhood's roots are largely English and Protestant but is now home to a large Irish-American/Catholic community and many Irish establishments. The community (along with Morgan Park to the south) is the home of the South Side Irish Parade, which is held every year on the Sunday prior to St. Patrick's Day. It hails as the largest neighborhood parade of any type in the country.[13]

The neighborhood currently is home to more Irish-style pubs than any other in Chicago.[citation needed] There is a house whose design was inspired by castles from the builder's native Ireland. The Beverly Branch Library has the largest Irish heritage collection in Chicago. This branch opened a new facility in June 2009 which has a new LEED certified design and engineering. Beverly Branch houses a bronze sculpture by Virginio Ferrari entitled Two Lovers; additional art has been commissioned for the new branch. Artwork was funded through the Percent for Art Ordinance administered by the City of Chicago Public Art Program.[14]

During World War II, Beverly served as a peaceful sanctuary for wounded officers in the Allied Forced of many nations who were in recovery.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Some families move to Beverly in order to provide their children with a private school education defined by Catholic Parish boundaries.

There are four Catholic parishes: St. Barnabas, Christ the King, St. John Fisher, and St. Cajetan. Beverly is a main drawing ground for many of the Chicago area's all-boys schools (Brother Rice, Mt. Carmel, St. Rita, St. Laurence), all-girls schools (Mother McAuley, Queen of Peace, Mount Assisi Academy); and co-educational Marist Catholic high school. Ridge Academy is also in Beverly.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Martin, William (1948). Chicago Streets. The Chicago History Museum. p. 91. 
  5. ^ "Samuel H. Kerfoot Dead - Pioneer Real Estate Man Passes Away at his Home". The Chicago Daily Tribune: 1. December 29, 1896. 
  6. ^ Mayer, Harold M. and Richard C. Wade (1973). Chicago: Growth of a Metropolis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 118. ISBN 0226512746. 
  7. ^ "Advertisement for Longwood and Beverly plats by Galloway, Lyman and Patton, realtors". The Chicago Daily Tribune: 12. April 30, 1890. 
  8. ^ Grossman, James R., Ann Durkin Keating and Janice L. Reiff (1996). The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. p. 77. ISBN 0226310159. 
  9. ^ "Advertisement for B.A. Ulrich & Son". Chicago Daily Tribune: 10. May 10, 1891. 
  10. ^ Metra Rock Island – 99th Street Station
  11. ^ Sinkevitch, Alice (2004). AIA Guide to Chicago - 2nd Edition. Orlando: HarcourtBooks. p. 481. 
  12. ^ Szucs, Loretto (1986). Chicago and Cook County sources: a genealogical and historical guide. New York: Ancestry Publishing. p. 75. 
  13. ^ South Side Irish Parade website
  14. ^ Beverly Public Library site

External links[edit]