Bev Perdue

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Bev Perdue
Beverly Perdue official photo.jpg
73rd Governor of North Carolina
In office
January 10, 2009 – January 5, 2013[1]
Lieutenant Walter Dalton
Preceded by Mike Easley
Succeeded by Pat McCrory
32nd Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina
In office
January 6, 2001 – January 10, 2009
Governor Mike Easley
Preceded by Dennis Wicker
Succeeded by Walter Dalton
Member of the North Carolina Senate
from the 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 2001[2]
Preceded by Bill Barker[3]
Succeeded by Scott Thomas
Personal details
Born (1947-01-14) January 14, 1947 (age 67)
Grundy, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Gary Perdue (1970–1994)
Bob Eaves (1997–present)
Alma mater University of Kentucky
University of Florida

Beverly Eaves "Bev" Perdue[4] (born Beverly Marlene Moore; January 14, 1947)[5] is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 73rd Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina. She was the first female governor of North Carolina.

Perdue started her political career in the 1980s, serving in the North Carolina House of Representatives. She then served five terms in the North Carolina Senate before she was elected as the 32nd Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina. Perdue was elected to the office of Governor of North Carolina in 2008 against then-Charlotte Mayor Pat McCrory by a 50-46 margin. Her 2008 gubernatorial campaign is under both State and Federal investigation, and was fined $30,000 in 2010.[6] When Hillary Clinton dropped out of the 2008 presidential race, The New York Times mentioned Perdue as a potential future presidential candidate.[7]

On January 26, 2012, facing sinking approval ratings, Perdue announced that she would not seek reelection in the 2012 gubernatorial election.[8] She was then succeeded by current governor Pat McCrory.

Early life and education[edit]

Beverly Marlene Moore[9] was born in Grundy, Virginia to Alfred P. and Irene Morefield Moore in 1947.[9] Her father was a coal miner who became a utility CEO.[10] She earned a B.A. degree in history in 1969 from the University of Kentucky, as well as a M.Ed. degree in community college administration in 1974 and a Ph.D., degree in Education Administration in 1976, both from the University of Florida.[11]

North Carolina legislature[edit]

Perdue, a Democrat, served in the North Carolina House of Representatives from 1987 to 1991, and in the North Carolina Senate from 1991 to 2001. She represented Craven County.

Elections[edit]

In 1990, she ran for the State Senate in North Carolina's 3rd Senate District, vacated by retiring State Senator Bill Barker (D-Pamlico County).[12] In 1996, she won re-election against Republican Holt Faircloth, Carteret County Commissioner, 60%-40%.[13][14][15] In 1998, she won re-election against Republican George Hipps 60%-40%.[16]

Tenure[edit]

During her last three terms in the Senate, she served as a senior budget writer and was the first woman to hold this position. While she was in office, the General Assembly increased teacher pay and passed Governor Hunt's Excellent Schools Act and Smart Start. Additionally, she led the debate that created North Carolina's Clean Water Management Trust Fund.[10] She fought for more benefits for senior citizens.[17]

Committee assignments[edit]

She served in the House Judiciary Committee.[18] She was Chairwoman of the Senate Education Committee.[19]

Lieutenant Governor[edit]

In 2000, she defeated Republican Betsy Cochrane for the lieutenant governor's seat, becoming North Carolina's first female lieutenant governor; she was re-elected in 2004.[10] As lieutenant governor, Perdue's most significant act was casting the tie-breaking vote that established the North Carolina Education Lottery.[10]

2008 gubernatorial election[edit]

Perdue announced her 2008 candidacy for governor on October 1, 2007 at her hometown, New Bern, North Carolina. On October 22, 2007, pro-choice Emily's List endorsed her campaign.[20][21] On May 6, 2008, Perdue won the Democratic nomination for Governor, defeating State Treasurer Richard H. Moore and Dennis Nielsen.[22]

Perdue raised $15 million for the general election and ran ads against her Republican opponent, Charlotte Mayor Pat McCrory, criticizing him for not being tough enough on illegal immigration.[23] Despite a national Democratic tide and Perdue's fundraising edge,[24] in the general election campaign McCrory led Perdue at first; Perdue slowly gained as the Democratic candidate.[25] Perdue and McCrory remained close, with the two often polling in a statistical tie[24] in what was the closest race for governor in the nation.[23] Perdue ran slightly behind her opponent in polls released the week before the election.[24] Pundits speculated that Perdue was hurt by current Democratic Governor Mike Easley's decreasing popularity and McCrory's efforts to tag her as part of the Political corruption in Raleigh: consultants mentioned Perdue's "difficulty of being the candidate of continuity in a change election."[25]

While McCrory received the endorsement of most major newspapers in the state (which typically endorse Democrats),[26][27][28][29][30][31] Perdue received the endorsement of actor and director Andy Griffith, who filmed a campaign ad on her behalf.[32]

Perdue defeated McCrory on November 4, 2008, 50.3% to 46.9%.[33]

North Carolina Governor[edit]

Perdue was sworn in as the 73rd Governor of North Carolina on January 10, 2009, succeeding Governor Mike Easley.

Political positions

Perdue's Senate record followed the lines of the Democratic caucus.[10] As a member of the Board of Community Colleges, she voted against allowing illegal immigrants to attend the schools even if they graduated from a North Carolina high school.[10] She had previously said she would admit every high school graduate to community college tuition-free.[10] In late February and early March 2009, she announced that $87 million from the educational lottery would be used to ensure there is money available for the state's day-to-day operations.[34]

In her first use of the veto power, Gov. Perdue vetoed a bill that would have made various documents that lawmakers use in drafting legislation confidential.[35]

She also vetoed a bill that would have required voters to show photo ID before casting their ballots.

She vetoed a bill that would have allowed fracking in North Carolina. The veto was overridden in July 2012.[36]

Remarks about suspending Congressional elections

On September 27, 2011, Perdue introduced the idea of suspending the Congressional elections. She told the Cary Rotary Club, "You have to have more ability from Congress, I think, to work together and to get over the partisan bickering and focus on fixing things. I think we ought to suspend, perhaps, elections for Congress for two years and just tell them we won't hold it against them, whatever decisions they make, to just let them help this country recover. I really hope that someone can agree with me on that. The one good thing about Raleigh is that for so many years we worked across party lines. It's a little bit more contentious now but it's not impossible to try to do what's right in this state. You want people who don't worry about the next election." Her press secretary later claimed that the statement was intended as a joke.[37] Audio of the speech was subsequently released.[38]

Hurricane Irene

Governor Perdue oversaw the state's preparation and response to Hurricane Irene in 2011[39] It was seen by some political observers as a defining moment of her tenure.[40]

Eugenics compensation

Gov. Perdue issued the following statement regarding the final recommendations approved by the Governor’s Task Force on Eugenics Compensation:

"Thank you to the devoted members of this task force for months of diligent, careful and thoughtful work to address one of the most difficult and emotionally wrenching issues in our state’s history.

While no amount of money will ever make up for the fact that government officials deprived North Carolinians, mostly women, of the possibility of having children—and officials did so, in most cases, without the victims’ consent or against their will—we must do something. I support the task force’s compensation proposal. I also agree that we should establish a permanent exhibit so that this shameful period is never forgotten. I look forward to reviewing the details of the task force’s recommendations." [41]

North Carolina's Republican controlled Senate removed such compensation for sterilization victims from the state's budget that the General Assembly passed after overriding the Governor's veto.[42]

Funding education

Gov. Bev Perdue called on the General Assembly to temporarily restore a fraction of a penny to the state sales tax to reverse deep and unnecessary cuts to education.[43]

Pre-K expansion

North Carolina Governor Bev Perdue issued Executive Order No. 128 authorizing the expansion of the NC Pre-K program to serve up to 6,300 additional children by Jan. 1, 2013. An estimated 1,000 of those children can begin to be served immediately in Pre-K classrooms across the state.

“Through good economic times and bad, North Carolina’s enduring commitment has been to educate our children. Now more than ever, as we sit poised for an economic recovery, any delay in preparing our kids to be tomorrow’s workforce is simply unacceptable,” Gov. Perdue said. “After the General Assembly cut early education programs by 20 percent, thousands of our youngest students were cut out of the Pre-K classroom. Today we can welcome many of them in.” [44]

Wilmington 10

Governor Perdue granted full pardons of innocence to the Wilmington 10 on December 31, 2012. "These convictions were tainted by naked racism and represent an ugly stain on North Carolina's criminal justice system that cannot be allowed to stand any longer," said Gov. Beverly Purdue. "Justice demands that this stain finally be removed." Perdue said that among the key evidence that led her to grant pardons of innocence were recently discovered notes from the prosecutor who picked the jury. The notes showed the prosecutor preferred white jurors who might be members of the Ku Klux Klan and one black juror was described as an "Uncle Tom type." Perdue also pointed to the federal court's ruling that the prosecutor knew his star witness lied on the witness stand. That witness and other witnesses recanted a few years after the trial. [45]

Federal criminal investigation[edit]

On late 2010, Perdue's 2008 campaign came under State and Federal investigation for 41 unreported private flights.[46] She had been fined $30,000 in August 2010 by the State Board of Elections for the unreported flights, but that body declined to investigate due the majority decision that the Perdue Committee did not intentionally violate the law.[6]

After the election Peter Reichard, a Greensboro businessman who served as the Perdue campaign's finance director, was charged with obstruction of justice. Reichard has been a key player in the gubernatorial campaigns of Perdue and her predecessor, Mike Easley, both Democrats. Reichard served as Easley's finance director for his 2000 gubernatorial campaign.[47]

Personal life[edit]

She is an Episcopalian.[9][11] Before entering public service, Perdue worked as a public school teacher, as director of geriatric services at a community hospital in her hometown of New Bern, and earned a Ph.D. in Education Administration.[48]

Perdue lives in Chapel Hill and formerly lived in New Bern. She has been married to Bob Eaves since 1997 and has two grown sons, Garrett (b. 1976) and Emmett (b. 1979), from her previous marriage to Gary Perdue, which lasted from 1970 to 1994.[9] She continues to use "Perdue" as her last name, using her current married name as her middle name.

Post-governorship[edit]

In Spring 2013, she served as a Resident Fellow at the Harvard Institute of Politics.[49] Following her Harvard fellowship, she started an education consulting business.[50]

In August 2013, Perdue became a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Duke University's Sanford School of Public Policy, where she will work with faculty and students and also serve as an adviser for Duke's Center for Child and Family Policy.[51]

Electoral history[edit]

North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Beverly Perdue 2,146,083 50.27%
Republican Pat McCrory 2,001,114 46.88%
Libertarian Michael Munger 121,585 2.85%
North Carolina gubernatorial Democratic primary, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Beverly Perdue 840,342 56.21%
Democratic Richard H. Moore 594.028 39.23%
Democratic Dennis Nielsen 60.628 4.06%
North Carolina Lieutenant governor election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Beverly Perdue 1,888,397 56.6%
Republican Jim Snyder 1,453,705 42.8%
Libertarian Christopher Cole 56,368 1.7%
North Carolina Lieutenant governor election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Beverly Perdue 1,500,206 52%
Republican Betsy Cochrane 1,315,825 46%
Reform Catherine Carter 50,352 2%
North Carolina Lieutenant governor Democratic primary election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Beverly Perdue 329,183 64.1%
Democratic Ed Wilson 103,847 20.2%
Democratic Ronnie Ansley 55,622 10.8%
Democratic Joel Harbinson 25,179 4.9%
North Carolina state Senate district 3 election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Beverly Perdue 24,767 60.1%
Republican David G. Hipps 16,414 39.9%

All data is from the State Board of Elections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pat McCrory sworn in as governor. News & Observer. Jan. 5, 2013.
  2. ^ "Certification of the results of the General Election Held on November 3, 1998 By the State Board of Elections" (PDF). North Carolina State Board of Elections. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Surprises Are Few As Hundreds File For Legislative Seats". The Lexington Dispatch. Associated Press. 6 February 1990. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Washington Post and State letterhead indicate that she places her second husband's surname, Eaves, before her first husband's surname, Perdue.
  5. ^ "Perdue's change of birthdate". News & Observer. 
  6. ^ a b Robertson, Gary D. (August 25, 2010). "N.C. Governor Perdue's campaign fined on flight reporting errors". StarNews. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  7. ^ Zernike, Kate (2008-05-18). "She Just Might Be President Someday". New York Times. 
  8. ^ Catanese, David (2012-01-26). "Bev Perdue will not seek reelection". Politico. 
  9. ^ a b c d Teague Beckwith, Ryan; Jones, Denise (2007-03-26). Beverly Perdue. The News & Observer. Retrieved on 2008-11-05.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Looking for real reform in the governor's race". Independent Weekly. 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  11. ^ a b Beverly Perdue. News & Observer. March 3, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  12. ^ "Surprises Are Few As Hundreds File For Legislative Seats". The Dispatch. February 6, 1990. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  13. ^ "North Carolina Senate General Election". NC State Bureau of Elections. November 5, 1996. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  14. ^ Book, Sue (2006-01-11). "Potential candidates begin eyeing Thomas' Senate seat". New Bern Sun Journal. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  15. ^ "William Holt Faircloth, Jr". Carteretcountygov.org. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  16. ^ "North Carolina Senate General Election". NC State Bureau of Elections. November 24, 1998. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  17. ^ "Give back the cash; retirees tell N.C.". Star-News. December 9, 1994. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  18. ^ "Committee continues debate on amendment for governor's veto". The Robesonian. July 14, 1989. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  19. ^ "New Education Reforms On Hold". News & Record. February 7, 1993. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  20. ^ Perdue campaign press release[dead link]
  21. ^ Emily's List[dead link]
  22. ^ "State Board of Elections". Results.enr.clarityelections.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  23. ^ a b Romoser, James (2008-11-05). "Perdue, in a first, edges McCrory". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2008-11-25. [dead link]
  24. ^ a b c Johnson, Mark; Benjamin Niolet (2008-11-02). "Race for Governor Remains Close". The News & Observer. Retrieved 2008-11-24. [dead link]
  25. ^ a b "Is the Southern Strategy Dead?". American Prospect. 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  26. ^ "McCrory visits Chapel Hill". Daily Tar Heel. 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  27. ^ [1][dead link]
  28. ^ "We recommend McCrory for governor". The Charlotte Observer. 2008-10-05. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  29. ^ "Editorial endorsement: McCrory for governor". News & Record. October 10, 2008. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  30. ^ "Election '08: Governor". JournalNow.com. 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  31. ^ "McCrory for governor: Charlotte mayor would bring fresh and innovative leadership to Raleigh". Daily Tar Heel. 2008-10-26. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  32. ^ "Perdue's Mayberry Miracle". News & Observer. 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  33. ^ Robertson, Gary (2008-11-04). "Democrat Perdue becomes NC's 1st female governor". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  34. ^ [2][dead link]
  35. ^ Perdue veto kills confidentiality bill. News & Observer.[dead link]
  36. ^ Seaton, Jake (July 2, 2012), NC lawmakers override Perdue's veto of fracking bill WNCN News
  37. ^ "Perdue jokes about suspending Congressional elections for two years". News & Observer. 2011-09-27. 
  38. ^ "Was Perdue joking? You decide. Listen here.". News & Observer. 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  39. ^ "Perdue requests more federal aid after Hurricane Irene". ABC News. 2011-08-29. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  40. ^ Catanese, David. "Hurricane Irene in North Carolina a big moment for Bev Perdue". Politico. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  41. ^ [3][dead link]
  42. ^ Price, Mark (2012-06-22). "Eugenics victims vow to keep fighting for compensation after N.C. Senate nixes budget item". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  43. ^ "Governor Perdue's Video Message: A Fraction of a Penny for Progress". North Carolina Democratic Party. 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  44. ^ [4][dead link]
  45. ^ Almasy, Steve (January 1, 2013). "North Carolina governor pardons 'Wilmington 10'". CNN. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  46. ^ "Federal investigation still looms for Perdue". WRAL. November 24, 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 
  47. ^ "3 Perdue associates indicted". Raleigh News & Observer. 30 November 2011. 
  48. ^ [5][dead link]
  49. ^ "Beverly Perdue". The Institute of Politics at Harvard University. Spring 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  50. ^ "Under the Dome: Perdue sets post-governor plans, mum on Raleigh GOP". News & Observer. June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  51. ^ http://www.heraldsun.com/news/x2042203319/Visiting-fellow-former-N-C-Gov-Bev-Perdue-tours-Duke-campus

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dennis Wicker
Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina
2001–2009
Succeeded by
Walter Dalton
Preceded by
Mike Easley
Governor of North Carolina
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Pat McCrory