Beverley Square East and Beverley Square West, also spelled Beverly Square, are a pair of neighborhoods in the Flatbush section of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. Located southwest of Prospect Park within what is now called Victorian Flatbush, one of the largest concentrations of Victorian houses in the US, they were developed in the 1900s primarily by Thomas Benton Ackerson, whose former home is in Beverley Square West.
Context and construction
The two neighborhoods extend from Beverley Road in the north (south of Prospect Park South) to Cortelyou Road in the south. The cut for the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway between Marlborough Road (East 15th Street) and East 16th Street forms the boundary between them: Beverley Square East extends east from there to East 19th Street, and Beverley Square West west from there to Stratford or Argyle Road. Four of the five north-south streets in the development were renamed for a British high tone. The Beverley Squares, like most of Victorian Flatbush, were built on rural land. Ackerson organized his development company in order to develop Beverley Square East, beginning work in 1898 with a line of large houses along East 19th Street. Beverley Square West was built on Catherine Lott's farm, which Ackerson acquired in 1901.
Ackerson arranged for there to be subway stations on the new Brooklyn Rapid Transit line at both the north and the south ends of the two neighborhoods, only a block apart, the two closest open stations in the New York City Subway system: Beverley Road and Cortelyou Road on the BMT Brighton Line (now the Q train). The line was also placed in the cut in response to developer pressure; it was originally at grade level.
Originally Ackerson offered his houses in Beverley Square East for sale at $10,000 and up, and those in Beverley Square West at $6,500 and up; when sales of the first houses in Beverley Square East were disappointing, he had the rest of that neighborhood developed with somewhat simpler houses by Lewis H. Pounds and Delbert H. Decker (it was completed in 1901), and modified his plan for Beverley Square West, building somewhat smaller and less distinctive houses. The Beverley Squares were "Ackerson's major project"; his own home was in Beverley Square West, at 304 Marlborough Street (built in 1903), and Pounds, who later served as Brooklyn Borough President, had his home at 317 East 17th Street in Beverley Square East. Beverley Square West also includes the "honeymoon cottage" built as a wedding present for a daughter of the Guggenheim family, at 305 Rugby Road.
Like the rest of Victorian Flatbush, the Beverley Squares have been revitalized since the 1970s by an influx of new residents who value the relatively cheap houses in a variety of architectural styles with details such as fluted columns, stained glass, large porches, and turrets. Beverley Square West has an active residents' association that celebrated the centenary of the neighborhood in 2002 and is trying to achieve designation by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, but without success as of 2010[update]. Together with Ditmas Park West, the Beverley Squares are now often thought of as part of Ditmas Park.
Public School 139, the Alexine Fenty School, occupies the blockfront of Cortelyou Road between Rugby and Argyle Roads in Beverley Square West; several of the original houses were demolished to build an extension to the school. The "mini-school" annex opened in 1989.
- Nedda C. Allbray, Flatbush: The Heart of Brooklyn, Making of America, Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia, 2004, ISBN 9780738524535, pp. 142–43.
- Beverly Square East and West Neighborhood Associations, Brooklyn Community Board 14, retrieved January 20, 2013.
- Evan Lerner, "Peaked Roofs, Crossed Fingers", The City, The New York Times, March 16, 2008.
- Peter Ross, A History of Long Island: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 3 by William S. Pelletreau, OCLC 24140988, New York: Lewis, 1905, p. 403.
- Metropolis 2 (1982) p. 23.
- Herbert F. Gunnison, Flatbush of Today 2.1, April 1908, OCLC 11367764, p. 100.
- The Early Years, Victorian Flatbush, retrieved January 21, 2013.
- Gunnison, pp. 100–01.
- T. B. Ackerson Company sales brochure for Beverley Square West and Beverley Square East, p. 6, online at Beverley Square West Association.
- Gunnison, p. 101.
- Adrienne Onofri, Walking Brooklyn: 30 Tours Exploring Historical Legacies, Neighborhood Culture, Side Streets and Waterways, Berkeley, California: Wilderness, 2007, ISBN 9780899975580, p. 104.
- Jen Carlson, "The LPC Called Out For Playing Favorites", Gothamist, March 10, 2010.
- John Rather, "If You're Thinking of Living In/Ditmas Park, Brooklyn; A Suburban Enclave in an Urban Setting", Real Estate, The New York Times, July 5, 1998.
- Jake Mooney, "Moved for the Space; Stayed for the Food", Living In | Ditmas Park, Brooklyn, Real Estate, The New York Times, November 13, 2009.
- Rosalie R. Radomsky, "If You're Thinking of Living In/Prospect Park South; A Turn-of-the-Century Brooklyn 'Suburb'", Real Estate, The New York Times, January 1, 1995, p. 2.
- Eve M. Kahn, "A Lesson in Playfulness: School Annexes That Please the Eye", The New York Times, October 19, 1989.