Beverwijck

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For the neighborhood in Albany, see Beverwyck, Albany, New York. For the town in the Netherlands, see Beverwijk.
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Beverwijck (/ˈbɛvərwɪk/ BEV-ər-wik; Dutch: Beverwijck), often anglicized as Beverwyck, was a fur-trading community north of Fort Orange on the Hudson River in New Netherland that was renamed and developed as Albany, New York, after the English took control of the colony in 1664.

During the 1640s, the name Beverwijck began to be used informally by the Dutch for their settlement of fur traders north of the fort. In 1652, the Dutch West India Company took control of that area and made the name official.

By 1660, colonists built a palisade around Beverwijck, and it had become economically and politically successful, with large families residing in the community. Despite its isolation on the frontier, a sign of Beverwijck's success was that it was never attacked by Native Americans. The Dutch built a collaborative relationship with both the Algonquian-speaking Mahican of the Hudson Valley and the Iroquoian-speaking Mohawk to the west through the Mohawk Valley.[1] By 1660, the Dutch relations with these two different Native nations had taken on differing characteristics, reflecting their different patterns of settlement and culture.[1]

Although Beverwijck literally means beaver district,[2] its name might be of different origin than related to the fur trade. It could have been named for the Dutch town of Beverwijk.

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Coordinates: 42°38′05″N 73°45′01″W / 42.6346°N 73.7503°W / 42.6346; -73.7503