Beverwijk

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Beverwijk
Municipality
Beverwijk as seen from the North Sea Canal
Beverwijk as seen from the North Sea Canal
Flag of Beverwijk
Flag
Coat of arms of Beverwijk
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Beverwijk in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°29′N 4°39′E / 52.483°N 4.650°E / 52.483; 4.650Coordinates: 52°29′N 4°39′E / 52.483°N 4.650°E / 52.483; 4.650
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Han van Leeuwen (D66)
Area[2]
 • Total 20.09 km2 (7.76 sq mi)
 • Land 18.34 km2 (7.08 sq mi)
 • Water 1.75 km2 (0.68 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 2 m (7 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 40,049
 • Density 2,184/km2 (5,660/sq mi)
Demonym Beverwijker
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 1940–1949
Area code 251
Website www.beverwijk.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Beverwijk, July 2013

Beverwijk (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌbeː.vər.ˈʋɛi̯k] ( )) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. The town is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Amsterdam in the Randstad metropolitan area, north of the North Sea Canal very close to the North Sea coast. A railway tunnel and two motorway tunnels cross the canal between Beverwijk and the nearby city of Haarlem on the south bank.

Around 1640, a town called Beverwyck was founded in the Dutch colony of New Netherland, this town's modern name is Albany, New York.

Population centres[edit]

The municipality of Beverwijk consists of two cores, Beverwijk proper and Wijk aan Zee, 5 km (3.1 mi) to the west, right on the coast.

History[edit]

Engraving from 1601 by Jan Saenredam of a beached whale on the coast near Beverwijk.

The name Beverwijk comes from Bedevaartswijk, meaning "pilgrimage neighbourhood". The town formed at the Saint Agatha Church which was a pilgrimage location in the Middle Ages. Allegedly Agatha of Sicily appeared here in the 9th century to a virgin from Velsen who was fleeing from the Count of Kennemerland.

In 1276 Beverwijk was granted market rights by Floris V, and in 1298 it was granted city rights by John I, both Counts of Holland.

During the 17th century wealthy merchants from Amsterdam would built their estates, such as Huize Akerendam, Huize Westerhout, and Huize Scheijbeeck, in the scenic dunes surrounding Beverwijk.

Prior to the reclamation of the IJ Bay, the narrowest point in the North Holland peninsula was at Beverwijk. Therefore, a defensive line was built here in 1800 following the Battle of Castricum in 1799.

In 1944, during the Second World War, the Germans conducted a house-to-house raid in Beverwijk and Velsen-Noord, seizing nearly 500 persons as hostages to force the murderers of 3 collaborators to surrender themselves. In all, 63 of them never returned.

Beverwijk, church: de Grote Kerk

Circa 1977 the first couple of furniture stores sprung up along the Parallel Road, forming the first "furniture boulevard" in the Netherlands. By 1981, 10 businesses had already been established there.

On March 23, 1997, Beverwijk was the location of a clash of two football firms. Supporters of the Dutch football team AFC Ajax met with Feyenoord supporters in what has come to be known as the "Battle of Beverwijk". During this incident, one Ajax supporter was beaten to death.

Local government[edit]

The municipal council of Beverwijk consists of 25 seats, which are divided as follows:

  • PvdA - 10 seats
  • CDA - 5 seats
  • VVD - 4 seats
  • GroenLinks - 3 seats
  • Democraten Beverwijk - 2 seats
  • Gemeentebelangen - 1 seats

Notable residents[edit]

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "College van B en W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Beverwijk. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 1948LC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]