Beyene Merid

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Beyene Merid, Beine Merid, (1897 - 24 February 1937) was an Ethiopian army commander, a patriot, and the son-in-law of Emperor Haile Selassie I.

Bibliography[edit]

Son of Dejazmatch Merid.[1] Dejazmatch Beyenne Merid married Leult [nb 1] Romanework, the daughter of Haile Selassie. He spent most of his career as the Shum[nb 2] of Bale.[2] By 1935, he had also established himself as the Shum of Gamu-Gofa.

During the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, Dejazmach[nb 3] Beyenne Merid commanded the Army of Bale and fought on the "southern front" against Italian forces based in Italian Somaliland. Before the Battle of Genale Doria, Beyenne Merid and the 4,000 strong Army of Bale advanced down the Shebelle River with the intention of invading central Italian Somaliland. Beyene Merid and his army was able to move forward quickly due to the good terrain along the Shebelle River. In November, advancing elements of Beyenne Merid's force clashed with about 1,000 dubats of the pro-Italian Olol Diinle. Both sides withdrew from the battlefield in the end, but Beyene Merid had been seriously wounded. Its commander stricken, the Army of Bale retired from battle.[3]

During the Italian occupation, Beyenne Merid fought as an Arbegnoch. On 24 February 1937, he and his forces joined up with Ras[nb 4] Desta Damtew and his forces. On the same day, he and Desta Damtew were captured by the Italians. They were then immediately executed.[4][5][nb 5]

Family[edit]

Beyene Merid and Romane Work had four sons. In 1930, Lij[nb 6] Getatchew Beyene was born. In May 1932, Lij Merid Beyene was born. In 1934, Lij Samson Beyene was born. In 1935, Lij Gideon Beyene was born. Only Merid and Samson survived the Italian occupation.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Roughly equivalent to Princess.
  2. ^ Roughly equivalent to Governor.
  3. ^ Equivalent to Commander of the Gate.
  4. ^ Roughly equivalent to Duke.
  5. ^ Haile Selassie also writes that Beyene Merid was killed during the day-long Battle of Gogetti. In this version of events, he was shot in the head while inspecting troops.[6]
  6. ^ Roughly equivalent to Prince.
Citations
  1. ^ Royal Ark
  2. ^ Haile Selassie, p. 25
  3. ^ Mockler, p. 90
  4. ^ Haile Selassie, p. 25
  5. ^ Marcus, p. 148
  6. ^ Haile Selassie, p. 78 and p. 170
  7. ^ Haile Selassie, p. 170

References[edit]

  • Haile Selassie I, Edited by Harold Marcus with others and Translated by Ezekiel Gebions with others (1999). My Life and Ethiopia's Progress: The Autobiography of Emperor Haile Selassie I, King of Kings and Lord of Lords, Volume II. Chicago: Research Associates School Times Publications. p. 190. ISBN 0-948390-40-9. 
  • Marcus, Harold G. (1994). A History of Ethiopia. London: University of California Press. p. 316. ISBN 0-520-22479-5. 
  • Mockler, Anthony (2002). Haile Sellassie's War. New York: Olive Branch Press. ISBN 978-1-56656-473-1. 
  • Pankhurst, Richard (2001). The Ethiopians: A History (Peoples of Africa). Wiley-Blackwell; New Ed edition. ISBN 0-631-22493-9.