Bezhetsk

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Bezhetsk (English)
Бежецк (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Town of district significance[1]
Спасская церковь. Бежецк.jpg
The Transfiguration Church in Bezhetsk
Map of Russia - Tver Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tver Oblast in Russia
Bezhetsk is located in Tver Oblast
Bezhetsk
Bezhetsk
Location of Bezhetsk in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 57°47′N 36°42′E / 57.783°N 36.700°E / 57.783; 36.700Coordinates: 57°47′N 36°42′E / 57.783°N 36.700°E / 57.783; 36.700
Coat of Arms of Bezhetsk (Tver oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative district Bezhetsky District[2]
Administrative center of Bezhetsky District[2]
Municipal status (as of June 2006)
Municipal district Bezhetsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Bezhetsk Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Bezhetsky Municipal District,[3] Bezhetsk Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 24,522 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 1137[citation needed]
Town status since 1775[citation needed]
Previous names Gorodetsk (until 1766)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 171980
Dialing code(s) +7 48231[citation needed]
Bezhetsk on WikiCommons

Bezhetsk (Russian: Бежецк) is a town and the administrative center of Bezhetsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the Mologa River at its confluence with the Ostrechina River. Population: 24,522 (2010 Census);[4] 28,643 (2002 Census);[7] 30,377 (1989 Census);[8] 29,000 (1967).

History[edit]

Bezhetsk was first mentioned as Bezhichi in 1137, when it was owned by Novgorod. Original name, interpreted as refugees, suggests that early settlers were former Novgorodians. Historical Bezhichi were located 20 kilometers north from the present-day town; the settlement was destroyed by raiders in 1272 and re-established on present site as Gorodetsk fortress.

In the early 15th century, the district of Bezhetsky Verkh was annexed by Muscovy. Since 1433, Bezhetsk had its own prince, who was subordinate to the Grand Prince of Moscow.[9]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Gorodetsk was included into Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates. In 1776, Gorodetsk was renamed Bezhetsk and was made the center of Bezhetsky Uyezd.[9] In 1796, Tver Viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate. Bezhetsk remained the center of the uyezd until 1929.[10]

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Bezhetsky District, with the administrative center in Bezhetsk, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Bezhetsk was transferred to Tver Oblast.[10]

In the late 20th century, Bezhetsk, as a "reference small town" with well-preserved archives, became a subject of detailed academic studies of the 18th-century Russian countryside.[11]

Economy[edit]

Bezhetsk is home to Dorokhovo, a major military air base.

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber, textile, and food industries, as well as a plant producing air compressors, located in Bezhetsk.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Bezhetsk railway station.

A railway connecting Rybinsk and Bologoye via Sonkovo passes through Bezhetsk, which is an important railway station.

Bezhetsk is located on the road connecting Tver and Vesyegonsk. It is also connected by roads with Sonkovo, Kesova Gora, and Maksatikha. There are local roads as well, with bus traffic originating from Bezhetsk.

The Mologa is not navigable.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Bezhetsk contains seven cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments include trade arcades and the Church of the Presentation of Mary.[13] The oldest building in Bezhetsk is the white tent-like campanile of the Vvedenskaya church, which was built by Yaroslavl masters in 1680-82. The church itself was destroyed during the Soviet years. The Vozdvizhenskaya church goes back to the turn of the 18th century.

The Bezhetsk District and Literature Museum, located in Bezhetsk, shows expositions about the author Vyacheslav Shishkov and the musucian Vasily Andreyev, who were both born in Bezhetsk.[14]

Bezhetsk and Bezhetsky Uyezd were the birthplace of writer Vyacheslav Shishkov, historian Nil Popov, artist Alexander Samokhvalov, pathologist Alexei Polunin, artist Sergei Osipov, and conductor Viktor Popov.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #34-ZO
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 405 0», в ред. изменения №226/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 405 0, as amended by the Amendment #226/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c d Law #18-ZO
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Краткий исторический обзор" (in Russian). Bezhetsky District administration. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Kamensky
  12. ^ "Бежецкий район" (in Russian). Законодательное собрание Тверской Области. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Бежецкий литературно-мемориальный и краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • (Russian) А. Б. Каменский. Повседневность русских городских обывателей. М., РГГУ, 2006. ISBN 5-7281-0807-5
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №111-ЗО от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #111-ZO of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №18-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Бежецкий район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №55-ЗО от 13 июля 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение №1 к Закону Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Бежецкий район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #18-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Bezhetsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #55-ZO of July 13, 2009 On Amending Appendix 1 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Bezhetsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).