Bhaca language

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Not to be confused with Baca language.
Native to South Africa
Ethnicity Bhaca people
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Bhaca (Baca) is a minor Bantu language of South Africa.[1] Traditionally considered a dialect of Xhosa, it is actually closer to Swazi and Phuthi.[2][3] It is spoken southeast of Lesotho, where Sotho, Xhosa and Zulu meet, mainly around Mount Frere, Mzimkhulu, and to a lesser extent in Mount Ayliff, Matatiele, Harding and Ixopo.


  1. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  2. ^ Jordan, Archibald C. (1942). "Some features of the phonetic and grammatical structure of Baca". Masters dissertation (University of Cape Town). 
  3. ^ Swazi reference at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)