Bhadohi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhadohi
city
Nickname(s): dollar city
Bhadohi is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bhadohi
Bhadohi
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°25′N 82°34′E / 25.42°N 82.57°E / 25.42; 82.57Coordinates: 25°25′N 82°34′E / 25.42°N 82.57°E / 25.42; 82.57
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Sant Ravidas Nagar
Elevation 85 m (279 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 74,539
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website srdnagar.nic.in

Bhadohi (Hindi: भदोही ) is a city, Lok Sabha constituency and a municipal board in Sant Ravidas Nagar district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is also known as the "Carpet City," as it is home to the largest hand-knotted carpet weaving industry hub in South Asia. The Indian Institute of Carpet Technology, the only institute of its kind in Asia,[1] was established there in 2001 by the Ministry of Textiles and offers BTech courses in carpet and textiles technology.[2][3]

Bhadohi is also one of the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (State Legislative Assembly) constituency as Bhadohi Lok Sabha constituency.

Bhadohi is located at 25°25′N 82°34′E / 25.42°N 82.57°E / 25.42; 82.57.[4] It has an average elevation of 85 metres (278 feet).

History[edit]

Bhadohi gets its name supposedly from Bhar Raj of the region which had Bhadohi as its capital, whose traces can be found in the names of ruined mounds and old tanks named after the Bhar rulers, a tributary of Kannauj kingdom, which in the early medieval period was included in the Kingdom of Jaunpur. During the reign of Mughal Emperor, Akbar, Bhadohi was made a dastur and included in the sarkar of Allahabad. By the fifteenth century the Bhar were overpowered by Maunas Rajputs with Sagar Rai as the first head of the clan, and his grandson, Jodh Rai received it as a zamindari sanad (deed) from Shah Jahan. However around 1750 AD due to non-payment of land revenue arrears, Raja Pratap Singh of Pratapgarh, in lieu of his paying the arrears gave the entire pargana to Balwant Singh of Benaras, subsequently he received it directly under a sanad from Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh under British influence in 1770 AD, and it remained with Benaras till 1947.[5][6]

In 1911, Bhadohi became under first Maharaja of the newly created princely state of Benares ruled by Maharaja Prabhu Narayan Singh.

Mirzapur-Bhadohi carpets[edit]

The Bhadohi district is biggest carpet manufacturing centres in India, most known for its hand-knotted carpet. Bhadohi is known as "Carpet City". While the Mirzapur-Bhadohi region is the largest handmade carpet weaving cluster, engaging around 3.2 million people in the industry, Bhadohi alone employs 2.2 million rural artisans in its 100 percent export-oriented industry, which accounts for about 75 per cent of the Rs 44 billion total carpet exports from India,[7] exporting carpets worth Rs 25 billion (approx) in 2010. Carpet weaving in the region date back to the 16th century, during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Akbar[7] and is believed to have established when centuries ago, some Iranian master weavers stopped at Madhosingh village, near Khamaria, in Bhadohi while travelling in India, and subsequently set up looms here.[8]

In 2010, the carpets of the region received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag, which means carpets manufactured in nine districts of the region, Bhadohi, Mirzapur, Varanasi, Ghazipur, Sonebhadra, Kaushambi, Allahabad, Jaunpur and Chandauli would be tagged with 'handmade carpet of Bhadohi'. Most of the production is aimed at foreign countries.[8]

Well-known carpet types from Bhadohi include cotton Dhurry|Dhurries, Chhapra Mir carpets, Loribaft, Indo Gabbeh but also Nepalese carpets and more recent shaggy type carpets. They are manufactured in various qualities. Bayawan village is famous for government forest and ayurvedic hospital.

Healthcare[edit]

Hospitals

  • Star Hospital
  • Pratima Hospital
  • Jeevan Deep Hospital
  • Jeevan Dhara Hospital
  • Sahara Hospital
  • akash Hospital
  • Saumya Hospital
  • Jeevan Raksha Hospital

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[9] Bhadohi had a population of 74,439. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bhadohi has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 69.5%; with 94% of the males and 86% of females are literate. 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

A carpet seller in Gopiganj, Sant Ravidas Nagar, Bhadohi, India
Religions in Bhadohi
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
53%
Muslims
  
45%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Overview[edit]

The distance from Bhadohi to Varanasi is approximately 45 km and takes about sixty minutes by car. Bhadohi is 80 km from Allahabad. It is close to the holy river Ganges (which is about 29 km from the city area). There are quite a few good temples in Bhadohi like the famous Hariharnath temple and Sitamadhy Temple.

Prior to receiving the Geographical indication (GI) rights for its carpets in 2010, Bhadohi was named amongst the six districts of Uttar Pradesh, wherein weavers of the traditional Banarasi sarees were allowed to sell under the 'Banaras Brocades and Sarees' tag, after it received GI tag in 2009.[10] The region is also known for its traditional basketry, wherein handwoven baskets and other utility products made exclusively by the women.[11]

Rinku Singh, who along with Dinesh patel became the first Indians to sign a major league baseball contract, Er. Yogesh Tiwari awarded by Dr. C. Rangarajan with Vishwakarma Award as "An Outstanding Technologist" by Construction Industry Development Council and Planning commission of India – Delhi" are native of Bhadohi.

Geographic location[edit]

Geography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indian students in carpet technology to have internship in New Zealand". Ministry of Textiles. 16 May 2003. 
  2. ^ "About us". Indian Institute of Carpet Technology website. 
  3. ^ "Pm Inaugurates First World Conference on Handmade Carpets". Prime Minister's Office. 4 November 2003. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Bhadohi
  5. ^ Encyclopaedia of Human Geography (Set of 3 Vols.). Anmol Publications. 2005. p. 107. ISBN 81-261-2444-X. 
  6. ^ Bayly, Christopher Alan (1988). Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion, 1770–1870. CUP Archive. p. 103. ISBN 0-521-31054-7. 
  7. ^ a b "..Famous for its handmade carpet industry..". 6, Issue 4. Tehelka Magazine. 31 January 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Famed Bhadohi carpet gets GI tag". The Times of India. 9 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  10. ^ Banarasi silk sarees get copyright cover The Times of India, 18 September 2009.
  11. ^ "Offerings from Bhadohi". The Hindu. 21 September 2006. 

External links[edit]