Bhadrak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Bhadrak district.
Bhadrak
Town
Bhadrak is located in Odisha
Bhadrak
Bhadrak
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°04′N 86°30′E / 21.06°N 86.50°E / 21.06; 86.50Coordinates: 21°04′N 86°30′E / 21.06°N 86.50°E / 21.06; 86.50
Country  India
State Odisha
District Bhadrak
Area
 • Total 1,721 km2 (664 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,334,000
 • Density 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 756100
Website bhadrak.nic.in

Bhadrak is a city and a municipality in Bhadrak district in the state of Odisha, India.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010 India census,[1] Bhadrak (ଭଦ୍ରକ )had a population of 1,334,000. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Bhadrak has an average literacy rate of 73.86, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 84.65% of males and 62.85% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Date of formation 1 April 1993 Area 1721sq. km;km2

Religions in Bhadrak
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
65%
Muslims
  
38%
Jains
  
0.7%
Others†
  
1.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History[edit]

Bhadrak is an ancient land noted in legends dating from the age of the puranas, contributing to Odisha's maritime & agrarian prosperity, trade and commerce down the ages and recorded in History. Since the inception of Abul Fazal's Ain-e-Akabari. The ancientry of this land is eloquently testified by the gigantic tank of Asura, the Buddhist relics of the Seventh and Eight Centuries discovered in Khadipada and Solampur, the villages of Dhamnagar, the Budddist caves in Sarisua Hill near Kupari and the mysterious temple of Biranchinarayan in the village Palia, a parallel to the Sun Temple at Konark. The last battle to vindicate the freedom of Odisha was fought in a village called Gohiratikiri, on the bank of the river Genguti near Dhamnagar in 1568 in which the defeated king Mukunda Dev lost his life. In 1575 the Muslim population settled down in Bhadrak following the discomfiture of the Afghans under Usman at the hand of Raja Mansingh. In Mughal period Bhadrak remained a subah under the Nawabs of Bengal. When the imperial powers of the Mughals waned, the zone consisted of some principalities like Kanika, Ampo and Agarapada with a few administrative sub-units called Chowparhies such as Kubera, Talapada, Nadigaon, Kasimpur, Kurigaon, Bindha etc., all ruled by Kshatriya Chiefs with patriotic temper.Also the famous Akhandalamani temple is situated in the bank of river baitrani.

After the British occupation of Odisha, Cuttack and Balasore constituted one of the two administrative divisions, in June 1804. In 1828 when Balasore was made a separate District, Bhadrak become one of its Sub-Division with an Assistant Magistrate cum Deputy Collector as the Sub-Divisional Head, while the Munsif Court remained in Jajpur until 1901.

In modern times, during the period of National struggle Bhadrak became the vanguard. In 1920 when the non-cooperation movement was launched in response to the clarion call of Gandhiji, the boycott of the law court practically resulted in closing down of the court of the 2nd Officer for a whole year. Gandhiji came down to Bhadrak in the last week of March 1921, being impressed with the nationalistic fervour and fighting spirit of the people. In 1922 started the historic mass rebellion of Kanika which for the time being was suppressed with the help of British troops stationed at Bhadrak but ultimately the popular upsurge, under the leadership of Chakradhar Behera, the doyen of Kanika tenants movement triumphed. With the mass civil disobedience movement launched in 1930, Bhadrak once again became vibrant with patriotic zeal, hearts throbbed with the urge for freedom, salt law was defied, a shake up given to the Govt. and success achieved. Dr. Harekrushna Mahatab's role in steering this movement to a crowning success is so great and spectacular that it has become already a part of Bhadrak psyche and history of modern India. Mahatma Gandhi who visited Bhadrak again in 1934 stayed in Mahatab's residence at Nuabazar. Gandhiji addressed a meeting of the Harizan workers in Jibaram Ashram (Nuasahi, Ashram, Garadpur). It was by this time that Banchhanidhi Mohanty of Eram was shaping, stimulating and sensitizing the national consciousness among the people by his patriotic songs.

In the historic Quit India Movement of 1942 Bhadrak played a leading role. It was under the leadership of Muralidhar Panda that on the 22nd Sept.1942 at Lunia, Katasahi the movement flared up to immortal flame with Nidhi Mohalik and eight others laying down their lives at the altar of freedom. Fittingly the place has been hallowed as Sahidnagar. At Eram on the 28th Sept. 1942 in an enclosed place like jalianawal Bagh nearly forty persons bared their chests to British Bullets for the cause of freedom. The congregated leadership, which guided the quit India Movement, constitutes many luminous figures including Dr. Harekrushna Mohatab, Md. Hanif, Muralidhar Jena, Gokulananda Mohanty, Nilamani Routray and others.Apart From these a renowned young scientist and Ph.D Research Scholar of OUAT,Bhubaneswar Dr.Bibhu Santosh Behera born in this District from a general caste family is acting as a Student's leader,social activist, and social worker for Odisha and getting many awards like FESW Award for Livelihood Security 2014 from ESW Society Govt. of MP and also nominated for getting Ph.D in Social Work(Honoris Causa) From LADC,USA.

Since independence, the history of Bhadrak has been the history of multifarious progress in Education, Industry, Agriculture, Trade and commerce and with the birth of a new star it is leaping towards the twenty first century with hope and promise.

Climate[edit]

Bhadrak
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
12
 
28
16
 
 
24
 
32
19
 
 
24
 
35
22
 
 
22
 
37
25
 
 
56
 
38
27
 
 
196
 
35
26
 
 
325
 
32
25
 
 
330
 
31
25
 
 
288
 
32
25
 
 
208
 
31
23
 
 
37
 
30
19
 
 
28
 
28
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Culture[edit]

Bhadrak is famous for its Kali Puja held at Charampa for seven days. Temple of this goddess, known as Bhadrakali, is located about 10 km from Bhadrak, Lord Akhandalamani is about 40 km away from Bhadrak. Muslim Sufi Saint Mujahid-e-Millat's Shrine (Mazaar) is at Dhamnagar, which is 22 km from Bhadrak Railway Station  km away from both railway station and bus stand. This shrine is also known as Khanquah-E-Habibiah. Another Sufi Saint, Hazur Sarkar-e-Millat Sayed Nasim Akhtar Quadri Bogdadi Alehrehma alias "Sarkar Baba" resides in the "Shaikh Sahi Masjid" in Bhadrak Municipality which is around 3 km away from both the railway station and bus stand. He is a living legend and everyday thousands of people visit him for his blessings, and his youngest brother Hazrat Chote Sarkar Sayed Wasim Akhtar Quadri Bogdadi was also a living legend. Hazrat chhote sarkar has taken his last breath on 5th of April 2013(Friday)evening after Asar before magrib in Delhi. He was buried in khanquah-e-Gulsane-Gouspak, sarkarNagar, Bypass Bhadrakh on 7th April 2013 at 2.30am. More than Five Lakh people gathered for the last prayer(Namaje JANAJA) at khanquah-e- Gulsane- Gouspak. Everyday lots of pilgrims come to shrine for taking his blessings. Another Punjabi Saint Guru Nanak ji's tomb/Gurudwar is also in Sangat village near Purana Bazar which is about 5 km from Bhadrak. One Nice Place in Bhadrak is Lord Maa Dhamarai, which is in Dhamra that is 80 from Bhadrak. DRDO.

For Muslims, the most famous attraction in Bhadrak District is Kadam Rasul, situated 2 km from Darghah of Saint Hazrat Mujahd-e-Millat in Jagti. Many memorable Tabrukaat are there, including: the Kadam Rasul of the Prophet Mohammed, MOO-E Mubarak Prophet Mohammed, Panja Mubarak Hazrat Maula Ali, Dupata Mubarak Khatum e Jannat, Kadam Pak Hazrat Gaus ul-Azam Dastegir. Other sareefs' mazars are also in Dhamnagar, i.e. 1. Saha Jamal Baba, 2. Kazi Sahab Tayab Baba (Bazar Sahi), 3.Gazi Baba (Pathan Mohallah), 4.Kalu Sahab Baba (Jagati), 5.Shah Saheb Baba (Jagti), 6.Kazi Rafiuddin Baba{Kazi Saheb} Kazi Sahi, 7. Shah Mohammad Sarif (Baghu Baba) Munisipatna, 8. Shah saheb (charhabeli), 9. Shah Saheb (Nazar Sahi), etc. Jasne idd miladun Nabi Is Observed in Dhamnagar is very famous. On this day the Tabarukat at Kadam Rasul is shown to the public. Another function is the Annual Urs pak of Mujahid-e-Millat. Many peoples from all over India come to Dhamnagar for Ziarat of the holy sirine. This sirine is also known as Khanquah-E-Habibiah.

Another famous mazar (Dargah) in Bhadrak is Khanquah Quddusia, which is situated in Quddusi nagar, Mirzapur village of Bhadrak town. Allama Sayed Abdul Quddus Alaihir Rahma was the famous mufti of Odisha in his time and was known as Mufti-e-Azam Odisha.

Muslims of Bhadrak celebrate birthday of Prophet Mohammad every year on the occasion of Eid-Miladun-Nabi and meet at one place called Madina Maidan (at Shankarpur). JIMNC (Jashn e Eid-Miladun-Nabi Committee) actively contributes towards organizing this Holy event.

One of the major festival"Dola purnima" or Holli (Melana)celebrets in Bhadrak in different places; Jharpata Deasha melan, location-jharpata, Guamal, Tihidi, Bhadrak, which celebrets next day of Dola purnima, Except Jharpata, this festival celebtrets in other areas like-Lunia, Kalimegha, Balikhanda,Andhaipalli, Sahada, Brahmanigaon, Patrajpur etc. The Cart Festival (Ratha yatra) celebrets in jharpata, guamal, tihiri, Bhadrak, Bandhatia village srijagannath matha was one of the oldest place which observed ganesh puja near about 150 years.in this village lives so many artist and social worker .

Education[edit]

The institutions of this areas are "Bhadrak Institute of Engineering and Technology(BIET)" (BSET Society offers B.tech, Diploma, ITI, MBA, MCA), another technical institute "Hi-Tech Institute of Engineering & Management (HIEM)" (Hi-Tech Group offers Diploma) to give the technical strength to the student of Odisha. Bhadrak Autonomous College, Bhadrak Women's College, Bhadrak High school or Zilla School(ESTD- 1882), R.C.B.L.High school, B.M.Bagurai High School, G.P High School randia, N.C. High School(ESTD- 1908), Manjula Manjari Saraswati Sishu Mandir Nayabazar and Bhadrak Govt Girl's High School, Binapani High School, Guamal, S.B.M High School, Garadpur. Bhadrak High School is one of the oldest school in Odisha, established in 1882. Late Dr. Harekrushna Mohatab, first Chief Minister of Odisha studied at this School. The other English medium schools include Durga Prasad Saraf Vidyapeeth, Happy Home School, Sunshine Mission School, Carmel School and St. Xaviers School.Dhamnagar Govt.Boys High School & Dhamnagar girls High School.Ranitalaw Highschoo(1928) There are 6 new ITI (Industrial Training Center)in Bhadrak and a New Diploma College in Bhadrak give strength to the technical education of the district. one new diploma school opened in Asurali named BEST. Kothar high school is one of the oldest school in Bhadrak district. Bahudarada village is the famous for kalipuja after charampa kali.Utkal Samal & Dhananjaya Samal S/O Sj. Ananta Prasad Samal are so nice and very gient person in Bahudara village..

BIET.jpg

Some upcoming project[edit]

The district of Bhadrak had been a main contributor to Odisha's human resource and fast growing urbanisation and industrialisation. But still this district of odisha is largely neglected in terms of industrial development though with a sight attracting literacy level and outstanding transport and communication facilities. The district is now facilited with a port which is the deepest port of south Asia. And new projects are being approved by the government in the newly developed economic region of its coastal areas. Some of these projects include a ship building factory, an oil refinery and power plant and many small scale industries.

Politics[edit]

Bhadrak is Lok Sabha Constituency (No:7). The present Member of Parliament is Arjun Charan Sethi, Biju janta dal. Current MLA from Bhadrak Assembly Constituency is Shri Jugal Kishore Pattnaik of BJD, who won the seat in 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Naren Palei, INC in 2004, Biren Palei, INC in 2000, Prafulla Samal of BJD who won in 1995 and in 1990, Jugal Kishore Pattanayak who won in 1985 representing INC and in 1980 representing INC(I), and Ratnakar Mohanty of JNP in 1977.[2]

Bhadrak is part of Bhadrak (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 19-Bhadrak Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-23.