Bhadravati, Karnataka

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Bhadravati
ಭದ್ರಾವತಿ (Kannada)
City
Iron City.JPG
Nickname(s): Benkipura
Bhadravati is located in Karnataka
Bhadravati
Bhadravati
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°50′24″N 75°42′07″E / 13.840°N 75.702°E / 13.840; 75.702Coordinates: 13°50′24″N 75°42′07″E / 13.840°N 75.702°E / 13.840; 75.702
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Shimoga
Founded by Sir M Vishweshwarayya
Area[1]
 • Total 67.0536 km2 (25.8895 sq mi)
Elevation 597 m (1,959 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 167,269
 • Density 2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 577301
Telephone code +91-8282
ISO 3166 code IN-KA
Vehicle registration KA-14
Sex ratio 1.04 /
Literacy 73.9%
Distance from Bangalore 255 kilometres (158 mi) NW
Distance from Shimoga 20 kilometres (12 mi) E
Climate Tropical savanna climate (Köppen)
Precipitation 950 millimetres (37 in)
Avg. summer temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 25 °C (77 °F)
Website bhadravathicity.gov.in

Bhadravati (Kannada: ಭದ್ರಾವತಿ) is an industrial town and taluk in the Shimoga District of Karnataka state, India. It is situated at a distance of about 255 kilometres (158 mi) from the state capital Bangalore and at about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the district headquarters, Shimoga.[2] The town is spread over an area of 67.0536 square kilometres (25.8895 sq mi) and has a population of 151,102 as per the census held in 2011.[3]

History[edit]

Bhadravati derives its name from the Bhadra River which flows through the city. It was earlier known as Benkipura[2] (or Venkipura), and earlier Benki Pattana which in English means city of fire. Iron ore from the hill station of Kemmannugundi and water from the Bhadra River helped the establishment of an iron mill in 1918 and a paper mill in 1936. Hoysalas ruled the city. The Goddess "Halldhammadevi & Antargattamadevi" guard the city from past time. The sacred temples was still present in the city.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Based on the 2001 Indian census, Bhadravati had a population of 160,392. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bhadravati has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 76% of the males and 74% of the females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.[4]Kannada is the main language spoken in this city.

Bhadra Reservoir

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Bhadravati lies in the central part of the Karnataka State, in the south-east corner of the Shimoga district. The latitude and longitude coordinates of Bhadravati town are 13°50′24″N 75°42′07″E / 13.840°N 75.702°E / 13.840; 75.702 (Bhadravati).[5]

Bhadravati is at an altitude of 597 metres (1,959 ft) above sea level.

The Bhadra River flows through the city, then flows into the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary south of the city.

The Bhadravati Taluk has a total area of 675.08 square kilometres (260.65 sq mi), a population of 338,611, and a population density of 501.56 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,299.0 /sq mi). The taluk borders five other taluks, the Shimoga Taluk to the west, the Honnali Taluk to the north, the Channagiri Taluk to the east, the Tarikere Taluk to the south-east, and the Narasimharajapura Taluk to the south-west.[6]

Climate[edit]

The average temperature in the summer is between 25 °C (77 °F) and 37 °C (99 °F). The average winter temperature is between 20 °C (68 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).[7] The annual precipitation in the city is around 950 millimetres (37 in).[8]

Road map highlighting NH-206

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Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Two national highways pass through the city: NH-206 and NH-13; the two highways converge for a short length starting in Bhadravati and ending in Shimoga. Two state highways pass through the city as well. Buses that go from Bangalore to Shimoga stop at Bhadravati and take around six hours to complete the journey.

Rail[edit]

The ShimogaBangalore train, the BirurShimoga train, and the MysoreShimoga train all go through Bhadravati.[9] coming soon Shimoga to Talaguppa train its nearly in 6 months now train available for talaguppa also

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is in Hubli, around 170 kilometres (110 mi) from Bhadravati. Another airport is under construction in Shimoga near Sogane.[10]

Economy[edit]

Bhadravati has two major factories that take up a large part of the city:[5] the Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant factory, started by Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, and the Mysore Paper Mills factory.

Lakshmi Narasimha temple, 13th century Hoysala architecture

Tourist attractions[edit]

Temples[edit]

  • The Lakshmi Narasimha temple was built by the Hoysala Dynasty in the 13th Century A.D.
  • This temple was built by Veera Narasimha, The Grand Son of Vishnuvardhana.
  • It has murthis of Lord Srikrishna,Lord Purushottama,Lord Ganesha,Goddess Sharadamba along with lord Narasimha. It is built on Nakshtra Style platform.
  • Halladammadevi Temple is situated in heart of the city. Which is the largest and modest temple in Malnad region.
  • Jain Basidi is also popular present near NST road.
  • Largest Shiva Idol is Established near Lower Huttha recently.
  • Durga worship in Shree Chandika Durga Temple, Lower Huttha, is a popular temple located on the banks of river Bhadra. Cultural programs like Bharatnatyam, Yakshagana, Karnatic sangeet and many more are performed from various artists in time of Navaratra festival.
  • Gondhi,Sunnadahalli,Kudli&Shankar-Sharada math were famous sacred place along the banks of river bhadra.
  • Shree Rameshwara and subrmaneswara temple, Old town, is located on the banks of river bhadra.
  • This temple was built in the year 1910, and hosts festivals like Ram Navmi, Shankara jayanti and subrmanya shasti.

Wildlife sanctuaries[edit]

  • Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary was started in 1951 as the Jagara Valley Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 77.45 square miles (200.6 km2). In 1972, adjacent land was added to the sanctuary, bringing the total area to 492.46 square kilometres (190.14 sq mi). The reserve was renamed in 1974 to its current name.[11]
Bhadra River Project Dam across Bhadra river

Rivers and Dams[edit]

  • Bhadra River Project Dam is a dam south of the city.

Bhadravati-Shimoga Twin Cities[edit]

For 20 years now there has been a plan to develop Shimoga and Bhadravati as twin cities and to establish a Shimoga-Bhadravati Mahanagara Palike for this purpose. Shimoga is the headquarters of the district but the major industries such as VISL, MPM and AIR are situated in Bhadravati. Bhadravati is just 20 km from Shimoga and a new four lane road constructed between them has reduced the time of commute to only 15 minutes. Both cities are well connected to the rest of India. Around 200 buses ply daily between Shimoga and Bhadravati to cater to the workers resident in Shimoga and working in Bhadravati. Town service buses are present in both the cities, coloured green in Shimoga and blue in Bhadravati. The Shimoga airport and a Bhadravati FM station are expected to come up in the future. Many IT and biotechnology parks have been established in the Bhadravati-Shimoga Industrial area (Machennali).

Radio[edit]

A radio station belonging to All India Radio is located in Bhadravati.[12] It broadcasts radio programs via medium wave signals at 675 kHz (wavelength distance: 444.4 metres (1,458 ft)).[13] This is the only Radio station in Malnad region which covers radio for Shimogga,Davangere&Chickmanglur districts.Bhadravati FM is on the way of establishment which may launch within 2 years

Sport[edit]

Vishvesharayya Iron & Steel Plant Ground is located in Bhadravati. The stadium was built in 1960 and can hold 25,000 spectators. The ground hosts the Ranaji Cricket more than two occasions Karnataka cricket team.[14]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bhadravathi City Statistics". Bhadravathi City Municipal Council. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  2. ^ a b c "Tourism". Bhadravati City Municipal Council. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  3. ^ http://www.bhadravathicity.gov.in/
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b Google Inc. "Bhadravati". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&ll=13.842747,75.707645&spn=0.110506,0.209255&z=13.
  6. ^ Anne-Claire Couïc, Christophe Guilmoto, and Sébastien Oliveau. Census of India 2001 (Map). Atlas of India. Cartography by Geoclip (2001 ed.). http://www.demographie.net/atlas2001/. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  7. ^ "Bhadravati City Municipal Council". Bhadravati City Municipal Council. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  8. ^ International Water Management Institute; Sakthivadivel, R.; Thiruvengadachari, S.; Amarasinghe, Upali A. (1999). "Modernization using the structured system design of the Bhadra Reservoir Project, India: an intervention analysis" (PDF). IWMI Research Report (Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute) (33): 6. doi:10.3910/2009.040. ISBN 92-9090-385-6. ISSN 1026-0862. Retrieved 2010-08-01. "normal annual rainfall of 950 mm in Bhadravati" 
  9. ^ "BHADRAVATI, BDVT". Train Running Information. Indian Railways. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  10. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mysore/-Airport-work-to-begin-on-May-15/articleshow/5856814.cms?referral=PM
  11. ^ "Bhadra Tiger Reserve". Project Tiger Reserves in India. National Tiger Conservation Authority. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  12. ^ All India Radio. "Bhadrawati". Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  13. ^ All India Radio. "SOUTH REGION Service". Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  14. ^ Cricinfo. "Vishvesharayya Iron & Steel Ltd Ground". Retrieved 2010-08-01. 

or, State Institute for Urban Development, ATI Campus, lalitha Mahal Road, Mysore is also from Bhadravati

External links[edit]

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