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Bhagamati was the Hindu wife of Muslim sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. Qutb Shah was the fifth sultan of the erstwhile Qutb Shahi Dynasty who ruled over the Golkonda region of South India in the 16th century.
Bhagmati was born in Chichlam (around Yakutpura) in a Hindu family.
Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah married Bhagamati in the year 1589 CE and remained with her until his death in 1611 CE. The sultan bestowed the title of Hyder Mahal on Bhagmati. Quli Qutub Shah and Hyder Mahal had a daughter named Hayat Baksh Begum, who was married to Qutub Shah's nephew Muhammed Quli. Sultan Muhammed Quli succeeded the throne soon after the death of Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah.
City of Hyderabad
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah built a city named Bhaganagar in 1591 CE, to honor his love for Bhagmati. The city was built on the site of Chichlam, the native village of his wife, located 10 miles from Golconda Fort on the southern banks of Musi river. Qutb Shah renamed the city as Hyderabad in memory of his wife's later name Hyder Mahal.
Bhagmati died in 1611 CE. Mir Momin, the Peshwa (prime minister) of Mohammed Quli did not appreciate the closeness between the Sultan and Bhagmati. Therefore, he decided to ensure that Bhagmati's character is driven out of contemporary history. So much so that she did not even have a tomb built over her last remains.
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