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Archeological site
Bhagwanpura is located in India
Coordinates: 30°04′N 76°57′E / 30.067°N 76.950°E / 30.067; 76.950Coordinates: 30°04′N 76°57′E / 30.067°N 76.950°E / 30.067; 76.950
Country India
Province Haryana

Bhagwanpura, also called Bhagpura, is an archaeological site on the right bank of the Sarasvati river in the Kurukshetra district of Haryana state, India.[1] It is notable for showing an overlap between the late Harappan and Painted Grey Ware cultures. Painted Grey Ware is generally associated with the Vedic People, so this area can be said as the junction of two great civilizations that India had seen.


Bhagwanpura shows one period of habitation, with two sub-periods:[2]

  • Sub-period IA: late Harappan culture (c. 1700–1300 BCE)
  • Sub-period IB: overlap between late Harappan and PGW culture (c. 1400–1000 BCE)

During sub-period IA, the late Harappan people lived in houses of burnt brick and built mud platforms to protect against flooding. During sub-period IB, the late Harappan pottery continued, but a new form of pottery (the PGW) was introduced. Initially, the PGW people lived in thatched wattle-and-daub huts, but later they began to build mud-walled houses. One large house had thirteen rooms and a courtyard, and may have belonged to a chief. Towards the end of sub-period IB, the PGW people began to used burnt bricks, but no complete structures have been found. During both phases, cattle, sheep, and pig were domesticated, but horse bones only occur in sub-period IB. Six oval structures from this sub-period may have had some ritualistic use.[3]

Some scholars believe that the burnt bricks (square, rectangular, and wedge-shaped) from sub-period IB were not in fact used for building houses, but for the construction of Vedic fire altars.[4]

See Also[edit]


  1. ^ India9[1]
  2. ^ J.P. Joshi (1993), Excavation at Bhagwanpura 1975 - 76 : and other explorations & excavations 1975 - 81 in Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab. Archaeological Survey of India
  3. ^ Joshi (1993)
  4. ^ J.M. Kenoyer (2006), "Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition. In Historical Roots" in the Making of ‘the Aryan’, R. Thapar (ed.), pp. 21–49. New Delhi, National Book Trust.