Bhai Mahavir

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Dr. Bhai Mahavir (born 30 October 1922 in Lahore) was governor of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh between April 1998 and March 2003. He was a pracharak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and served as a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and Bharatiya Janata Party. He has authored many books and prior to his governorship had served two terms as a member of the Rajya Sabha. He hass an M.A. and Phd in Economics and has studied Law (LLB).[1]

Career and activism[edit]

Bhai Mahavir went to study at the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Lahore. He joined the RSS in 1938, in a shakha established by Raja Bhau Paturkar. He became a pracharak in 1942, and worked in that capacity in Jalandhar for 2 years. Between 1944-47 he was the Secretary of RSS in Lahore.[2]

After the partition, he settled down in Jalandhar and worked as a Lecturer. He moved to Delhi in 1956, working as a Lecturer in the Panjab University College established for the Panjabi refugees.[2]

He was among the founding members of the Panjab branch of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh established in Jalundhur in 1951, along with Balraj Madhok. He was appointed as a General Secretary of the national Jana Sangh and served in that capacity for one year, succeeded by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1952. He continued on the Working Committee of the Jana Sangh.[3]

He continued in senior positions in the Jana Sangh and later Bharatiya Janata Party. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha during 1968-74 and 1978-84. In 1998, he was appointed as the Governor of Madhya Pradesh and served a full term till 2003.

Personal life[edit]

Mahavir is the son of Bhai Parmanand, an Indian freedom fighter. He has two daughters, three grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.[citation needed] He was married to Krishna Kumari who died in New Delhi on 14 December 2012.


  1. ^ "Former Governors of Madhya Pradesh". Raj Bhavan, Bhopal. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Jaffrelot 2011, p. 288.
  3. ^ Jaffrelot 2011, p. 289.
  • Jaffrelot, Christophe (2011). Religion, Caste, and Politics in India. C Hurst & Co. ISBN 978-1849041386.