Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Goswami
|Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Goswami|
|Other names||Vinodabihari Brahmacari Kritiratna Prabhu|
February 9, 1898|
Banaripara, East Bengal India (presently Bangladesh)
|Died||October 6, 1968
|Based in||Vrindavan, India|
|Title||Gaudiya Vaishnava spiritual leader|
|Period in office||1940 - 1968|
|Predecessor||Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura|
|Successor||Bhaktivedanta Vamana Goswami|
Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Goswami Maharaja (Bhaktiprajñāna Keśava) (February 9, 1898 – October 6, 1968) was a Gaudiya Vaishnava Acharya. He was born on "Maghi Krsna Trtiya", the third day (Tritiya) in the dark half (Krishna paksha) of the Magha (month), according to the Hindu calendar. He died on "saradiya rasa-purnima", on the festival of Sharad Purnima, when Lord Krishna is said to perform the Rasa lila. Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Goswami Maharaja was a disciple of Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura Prabhupada and the founder of the religious organization Sri Gaudiya Vedanta Samiti, formed in Calcutta in 1940. Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Maharaja was a friend of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, after whose death a number of Hare Krishnas left ISKCON and joined Bhakti Prajnana Kesava's organization, led at the time by his disciple Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja.
He was also the sannyasa guru of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Bhakti Prajnana Kesava initiated ISKCON's founder into the sannyasa order on September 17, 1959 in his Gaudiya Math in Mathura, and gave him the name Bhaktivedanta Swami.
- Acarya Kesari Sri Srimad Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami – His Life and Teachings by Tridandisvami Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja, p. 8
- Acarya Kesari Sri Srimad Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami – His Life and Teachings by Tridandisvami Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja, p. 275
- Bryant&Ekstrand, 2004. p. 131
- Rochford, E. Burke (2007). Hare Krishna transformed. NYU Press. p. 169. ISBN 0-8147-7579-9.
- Eugene V. Gallagher, Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America, p.30, ISBN 0-275-98712-4
- Måns Broo, As Good as God. The Guru in Gaudiya Vaisnavism. ISBN 83-85527-56-7, (Åbo: Åbo Akademis Förlag 2003).
- Anil Sooklal, A socio-religious study of the Hare Krishna movement in South Africa, p.28, 1986.
- The Gauḍīya Patrikā's journal of Bhaktiprajana Kesava has an account of the sannyasa initiation included a biographical sketch of Bhaktivedanta Swami, listing the major events of his life. The article concluded: "Bhaktivedanta Swami at the Śrī Keśavajī Gaudiya Math accepted sannyāsa from the founder of the Vedānta Samiti, Bhaktiprajñāna Keśava Mahārāja. Seeing him accept his āśrama of renunciation, seeing this pastime for accepting the renounced order of life, we have attained great affection and enthusiasm." Dasa Goswami, Satsvarupa ((1st ed) 1980-82, (2nd ed) 2002), Srila Prabhupada Lilamrta Vol 1-2, pp. vol.1 1133 pages vol.2 1191 pages, ISBN 0-89213-357-0
- Maharaja, Narayana ((1st ed) 1999), Acarya Kesari Sri Srimad Bhakti Prajnana Kesava Gosvami - His Life and Teachings, GVP, pp. 571 pages, ISBN 81-86737-14-6
- Bryant, Edwin; Ekstrand, Maria (2004), The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant, Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-12256-X
- Broo, Måns (2003), As good as God: the guru in Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism, Åbo Akademi University Press, ISBN 951-765-132-5
- Rosen, Steven J. (1994), Vaisnavism: Contemporary Scholars Discuss the Gaudiya Tradition, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1235-2
- Dasa Goswami, Satsvarupa ((1st ed) 1980-82, (2nd ed) 2002), Srila Prabhupada Lilamrta Vol 1-2, pp. vol.1 1133 pages; vol.2 1191 pages, ISBN 0-89213-357-0
- "Spiritual Leaders - Gaudiya-Vaisnava Acaryas - Srila Bhakti Prajna Kesava Maharaja". www.goloka.com. Retrieved 2008-08-03.