Bhalchandra Nemade

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Bhalchandra Nemade
Bhalachandra Nemade.jpg
Born 1938
Sangavi, Maharashtra
Occupation Marathi writer
Nationality Indian
Notable awards Padma Shri – 2011

Bhalchandra Vanaji Nemade (Devanagari: भालचंद्र वनाजी नेमाडे) (born 1938)[1] is a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.

Life[edit]

Nemade was born in 1938 in the village of Sangavi in Khandesh. He received his bachelor's degree from Fergusson College in Pune and Master's degree in Linguistics from Deccan College in Pune and English Literature from the Mumbai University in Mumbai. He received PhD and D.Lit. degrees from North Maharashtra University.

Nemade taught English, Marathi, and comparative literature at various universities including the School of Oriental and African Studies at London.[citation needed] He retired from Mumbai University's Gurudeo Tagore Chair for comparative literature studies. In the 1960s, Nemade edited Marathi magazine Vacha (वाचा). He received a Sahitya Akademi Award for year 1990 for his critical work Teeka Svayanwar (टीका स्वयंवर).[citation needed] .

Literary career[edit]

Nemade wrote his first novel Kosala (कोसला)[2] in 1963. It is a fictitious autobiographical novel of one Pandurang Sangvikar, a youth from rural Maharashtra who studies in a college in Pune; but it is loosely based on Nemade's own life in his youth.

Sangvikar, the narrator in Kosala, uses everyday Marathi spoken in rural Maharashtra and his worldview also reflects that held by residents of rural Maharashtra. Kosala is a chronological autobiographical narration, yet it employs certain innovative techniques. Thus, Sangvikar describes one year in his life in the form of a witty diary. As another innovative technique, the narration describes "historical investigations" often undertaken by Sangvikar and his friend Suresh Bapat, which ultimately uncover to them the absurdity and tragedy of their present condition. Kosla is extensively translated into various languages including English, Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada, Assamese, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, Oriya, et al.

After Kosala, Nemade presented a different protagonist, Changadev Patil, through his four novels Bidhar (बिढार),[3] Hool (हूल), Jarila (जरीला) and Jhool (झूल). Another tetralogy begins with Hindu – Jagnyachi Samruddha Adgal (हिंदू – जगण्याची समृद्ध अडगळ) in 2010 having Khanderao, the archaeologist as its protagonist.

The differences between Sangvikar and Patil are not confined to just their age, profession, habits, and intellectual and emotional perception: While Sangvikar at times keeps the world at bay or even rejects the world, Patil is all for the world and is forever engaged in confronting and understanding it. Sangvikar is mercurial, Patil is more realistic, whereas Khanderao's consciousness moves across 5000 years to Indus Valley culture in the Hindu tetralogy.

As a critic, Nemade's contribution rests in initiating Deshivad, a theory that negates globalisation or internationalism, asserting the value of writers' native heritage, indicating that Marathi literature ought to try to revive its native base and explore its indigenous sources. Nemade antagonised his contemporaries by contending that the short story is a genre inferior to that of the novel.

Winner of the Sahitya Academy Award, he was conferred with Padma Shri in 2011 by Government of India.[4]

Bibliography[edit]

Novels

Poetry collections

  • Melody (मेलडी), Vacha Prakashan, Aurangabad
  • Dekhani (देखणी), Popular Prakashan, Mumbai

Criticism

  • Teekaswayamvar, Saket Prakashan, Aurangabad
  • Sahityachi Bhasha, Saket Prakashan, Aurangabad
  • Tukaram, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi
  • The Influence of English on Marathi : A Sociolinguistic and Stylistic Study, Rajahauns Prakashan, Panaji
  • Indo-Anglian Writings: Two Lectures, Prasaranga Prakashan, Mysore
  • Nativism (Desivad), Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reviving the true Hindu ethos". The Hindu. 3 July 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Nemade, Bhalchandra (1963). Kosala (कोसला). Mumbai: Polular Prakashan. p. 265. 
  3. ^ Nemade, Bhalchandra (2003). Bidhar(बिढार). Mumbai: Polular Prakashan. p. 305. ISBN 978-81-267-0298-5. 
  4. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)". Ministry of Home Affairs. 2011: 98: Prof.(Dr) Bhalchandra Vana Nemade 

External links[edit]