Bhalki

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Bhalki
Bhallunke
Bhalki is located in Karnataka
Bhalki
Bhalki
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 18°03′N 77°13′E / 18.05°N 77.21°E / 18.05; 77.21Coordinates: 18°03′N 77°13′E / 18.05°N 77.21°E / 18.05; 77.21
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Bidar
Government
 • President of Municipal Council Ms. Jaishree Prakash Mankare[1]
 • Chief Officer Mr. Bharath Nagre[2]
Elevation 587 m (1,926 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 35,102
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 585328
Telephone code 91 8484
Vehicle registration KA39
Website www.bhalkitown.gov.in

Bhalki is a town, and a taluka, in Bidar district in the state of Karnataka, India.

History[edit]

First mention of the town was made as "Bhallunke" in the vachanas of 12th century sharanas[citation needed]. The sharana Kumbara Gundaiah was from Bhalki who was part of Bhakthi movement[citation needed].

The 1857 War of Independence[edit]

[3] Bhalki's importance in the 1857 war is played out at the very end of the war, when one of Tatya Tope's followers is arrested and tried by the Nizam, in 1867. This person was Madho Rao, alias Rama Rao, the nephew of Shrimant Shahu Chatrapati, the Maharaja of Satara. He was also known as Jung Bahadur, as referred by Sir Richard Temple in his diaries. During a search, officials discovered that Jung Bahadur carried several papers in English and Marathi, translation of a deed of agreement and a seal saying he was the `Chatrapati of Satara'.

Jung Bahadur raised an army of over 1500 people in and around the forests of Bhalki, spending up to 20,000 Rupees. and gave 200 Rupees to his follower Deva Rao to recruit 500 soldiers. A jamadar got a monthly salary of 40 Rupees, a sepoy 30 Rupees and a sawar 10 Rupees. He recruited soldiers in the villages issuing them Kaulnamas or appointment letters, in which he asked young men to join him in the task of "murdering the British and regaining the lost glory of the Royal family of Satara". Jung Bahadur and his followers moved on foot from village to village, disguised as mendicants.

He caused great damage to the British government, and captured a cantonment area called Ashti in Bidar district. He and his main followers were eventually arrested by two officers of the British resident in Hyderabad state. Their trial however, was conducted by the Nizam’s courts. The Magistrate of the criminal court, Moulvi Nasrullah Khan, completed the trial in less than a month, charging them with "trying to bring about insurrection against the empire".

Jung Bahadur, Bheem Rao, Balakishtayya and Vithoba were sentenced to transportation to life. Jung Bahadur is said to have spent his last days in the Hyderabad prison, where he died. His followers Yeshwanta and Jehangir Ali were sentenced to 14 years of imprisonment. Others like Eshwanna Naikwadi and Vir Peddappa were given minor punishments.

Geography[edit]

Bhalki is located at 18°02′N 77°13′E / 18.03°N 77.22°E / 18.03; 77.22.[4] It has an average elevation of 587 metres (1925 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Bhalki had a population of 35,102. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bhalki has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 61% of the males and 39% of the females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kannada language is spoken by the majority of the population. Marathi & Urdu are also spoken by some.

Interesting places in and around the town[edit]

Bhalki fort
Located in the old Bhalki town, it hosts a variety of buildings, including the Satyaniketan School, residences, Kumbheshwar (Ganesh) Temple, etc. This fort is locally known as the 'Gadi' (from gad, meaning a fort in Kannada and Marathi).
Bhalkeshwar Temple
This temple is close to the fort, and dedicated to Shiva. There is also an adjoining stepped well, which is lined with locally abundant black basalt stones.
Ram Temple
Also known as Balaji temple, is in the Gunj area of the town. The temple was built in 1945 by the Sant Mahant Shri Premdas Baba and reconstructed under the guidance of the Marwadi Samaj in 1980[citation needed].
Rameshwara Tekadee
Located on a hill (TekaDee - hill in Marathi) a couple of kilometres north-east of the new town centre, this is a historical fort-like structure offering a panoramic view of the surrounding plains. It also hosts a temple.
Old Town
This is the historic Bhalki town protected by the fort. The old town is a typical example of a medieval Deccan fortified town, with old style residential houses, albeit now modified to suit modern needs. The historic Hiremath Samsthan, started by His Holiness Sri Chennabasava Pattadevaru, is also located in the old town.
Bhalki Tank
An artificial lake created for rainwater harvesting, and a view point for some spectacular winter sunsets.
Bhatambra Fort

Bhatambra is famous for the 12th century fort located in the village. The fort is in good condition. Bhatambra is 12 km from Bhalki.

Transport[edit]

Bhalki is 45 km from District headquarters Bidar. It is well connected by road to major towns in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Bhalki also has a railway station in the town.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bhalki Town Municipal Council Members". Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Bhalki Town Municipal Council Staff". Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Bidar's forgotten hero". The Hindu. 2006-08-17. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhalki
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.