Bhangarh

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Bhangarh
भानगढ़
Village
Gopinath Temple
Gopinath Temple
Bhangarh is located in Rajasthan
Bhangarh
Bhangarh
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°05′41″N 76°17′26″E / 27.094701°N 76.290604°E / 27.094701; 76.290604Coordinates: 27°05′41″N 76°17′26″E / 27.094701°N 76.290604°E / 27.094701; 76.290604
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Alwar
Elevation 380 m (1,250 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,306
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration N/A
Nearest city Dausa
Sex ratio 677 / 629[1] /
Lok Sabha constituency Jaipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Alwar Gramin
Climate Tropical (Köppen)

Bhangarh (Hindi: भानगढ़) is a village in India that is famous for its historical ruins. It is in the Rajgarh municipality of the Alwar district in the state of Rajasthan.[1] Bhangarh is at the edge of the Sariska Tiger Reserve. The modern village has a population of 1,306 in 200 households.[1] Bhangarh is also a popular tourist attraction.

Description[edit]

Bhangarh is a place between Jaipur and Delhi in Rajasthan state of India known for its ruins. Bhangarh is also a pre-historic site. The most remarkable of its buildings are the Hindu temples of Gopinatha, Shiva (Someshwar), Hanumana, Ganesha, Vishal Devta, Lavina Devi and Keshava Rai. Other buildings include shops along the main road, several havelis, a mosque, and a palace.[2] The palace was protected by two inner fortifications across the valley. The town is separated from the plain by ramparts with five gates.

The town was established in 1573 (VS 1631) during the rule of Bhagwant Das as the residence of his second son Sawai Madho Singh, the younger brother of Emperor Akbar’s general, Man Singh I. Madho Singh participated in many campaigns with his father and brother. The next ruler of Bhangarh was his son Chhatra Singh[3] after whose death in 1630, Bhangarh slowly declined. When the Mughal Empire became weaker after the death of Aurangzeb, Jai Singh II attached Bhangarh to his state by force in 1720. After this Bhangarh diminished in population, and since the famine of 1783 (VS 1840) the town has remained uninhabited.[4]

Entry to Bhangarh is legally prohibited between sunset and sunrise. A signboard posted by ASI (Archaeological Survey of India), which is a Government of India organization, specifies the instructions. While the board is written in Hindi, the instructions on it roughly translate into: "Entering the borders of Bhangarh before sunrise and after sunset is strictly prohibited. Legal action would be taken against anybody who does not follow these instructions". Some other rules are there according to which no one is allowed to graze their animals after sunset.[5]

Legends[edit]

According to legend, the city of Bhangarh was cursed by the Baba Balanath. He had sanctioned the construction of the town on one condition, "The moment the shadows of your palaces touch me, the city shall be no more!" When a descendant prince raised the palace to a height that cast a shadow on Balanath's forbidden retreat, he cursed the town. Balanath is said to be buried there to this day in a small samadhi.

Another myth is related to the Princess of Bhangarh, Ratnavati. She was believed to be the jewel of Rajasthan. On her eighteenth birthday she began to get offers of marriage from other regions (i.e. nobility). In Bhangarh lived a tantrik (wizard), a magician well versed in the occult, called Singhiya, who was in love with the princess but knew that the match was impossible. One day Singhiya saw the princess's maid in the market and used his black magic on the scent she was purchasing so that upon touching it the princess would surrender herself to him. The princess, however, seeing the tantrik enchanting the scent, foiled his plan by pouring it on boulder which crushed Singhiya. Dying, the tantrik cursed the palace with the death of all who dwelt in it.[6] The next year there was a battle between Bhangarh and Ajabgarh in which Princess Ratnavati perished. Legends says that there are ghosts of Singhiya and other locals in Bhangarh Fort and that is why entry is prohibited for tourists in the fort after sunset and before sunrise.[6] The locals believe that the princess Ratnavati has taken birth somewhere else and that the fort and the empire of Bhangarh is waiting for her return to put an end to the curse.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Bhangarh Fort

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 
  2. ^ Rajputana (1880). The Rajputana gazetteers. p. 196. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Mandava, Devisinh (2001) Kachhvahon ka itihas. Jodhpur (in Hindi)
  4. ^ Powlett, Percy William (1878) Gazetteer of Ulwur. London: Trübner & co., Ludgate Hill.
  5. ^ "Legal Access To Bhangarh". Travelomy. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Steven L. Stern (1 January 2011). Cursed Grounds. Bearport Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-61772-147-2. Retrieved 4 September 2012. The author says that the princess was given a potion which might have been a European confusion about enchanted oil

References[edit]

Mandava, Devisinh (2001) Kachhvahon ka itihas. Jodhpur (in Hindi)

External links[edit]