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Bhangi is an Indian caste or jāti, that was previously treated as untouchable before its abolition upon independence. They prefer to be known as Balmiki or Valmiki.They are devote of Maharsi Valmiki who wrote RAMAYNA before the birth of lord RAM.They also says that the are the successor of Maharshi Valmiki. They were historically restricted to three occupations: cleaning and sweeping by the upper cast. In India as in anywhere else, historically, professions were passed on from parents to children, thus a child born in Valmiki family was forced into this profession mostly for social reasons.Modern days Dalits are consist of some caste and sub casts (scavangers,leather worker) mainly Balmiki, Jatav and Mahaar.
These communities were actually War prisoner soldiers, where in around 1800 , after britishers fought war with locals the war prisoners were made to do the work of scavengers(toilet cleaner, **** pickers etc) it is from then the rise of Harijan community begins. Actually Britishers exploited the weakness of Hindu society over casteism.,and created a new caste among Hindus of scavengers i.e.valmiki, Jatavs and Mahaar.
In the book of ambedakar(ACHOOT KAUN AUR KAISE) he mentions very well the creation of dalit or Harijan community by britishers.In his book Gandhian M.R malkani wrought that How appa sahib patwardhan writes from jail to congress/Gandhji the condition of War prisoners and britishers attempt top create a new class among Hindus the Dalit class.
So Dalits should curse first Britishers for there plight then Hindu community.
As far as Manu smrirti(the tool to curse hindus in the hand of some dalit politicians) is concerned it was written after demise of Maurya empire ,some Brahmins to create it’s hegemony our Hindu society writes the Manusmriti,it,s not an authentic scripture of Hinduism.
Efforts have been made to improve sanitation systems in India, including laws that ban the construction of dry toilets, and the manual removal of human waste. However some Bhangis, found throughout India, continue to work in their traditional roles and they continue to face severe social barriers and discrimination. The Bhangi community includes a number of subdivisions such as the Hela.
Relations to other castes
Even other backward Dalit castes such as Dhobi (washer-men) and Vankar are considered socially above the Bhangi. These upper sub-castes among Dalits would not interact with lower-order Bhangis, who have been described as "outcasts even among outcasts". Even though most Bhangis are devout Hindus, some Bhangis have converted to other religions in an attempt to escape the social stigma. However, such attempts generally do not bring any positive material impact on their socioeconomic condition.
Although the Bhangis traditionally had a lower status, there have been several Bhangis that have been universally recognized as Hindu saints. For example, Maharshi Naval kumar and his successors Daya kumar Maharaj (his son),Bakshi Maharaj and the present-day Badri kumar Maharaj are important Hindu figures. Saint Umaid kumar Maharaj and his successors Suresh kumar Maharaj, Deepak kumar Maharaj and the present-day Mangeshwar kumar Maharaj are important Hindu figures as well.
In Gujarat, Makarand Paranjape, when he was researching the Bhangi of the Swadhyaya tradition, a Bhangi member said to him, "I am a Bhangi, but I also do the work of a Brahmin. A Brahmin is one who spreads knowledge, sanskars; so I too am a Brahmin. I go on Bhakti pheris to spread the liberating message of Swadhyaya. So I am a Bhangi-Brahmin."
- [[PRASHANT BALMIKI]https://www.facebook.com/prashant.balmiki.1], SOCIAL ACTIVIST(NAGRIK SAMAJ SEWA SEMITI,BULANDSHAHR);SECRETARY UTTAR PRADESH YOUTH CONGRESS 2013.
- '''shri hari singh''', MP from Khurja, Bulandshahr,UP.(lok Sabha constituency)
- Kailash VijayVargiya, MP from INDORI
- Kamlesh Balmiki, MP from Bulandshahr (Lok Sabha constituency)
- Om Prakash Valmiki, writer
- Suraj Pal Chauhan, writer
- Dev Kumar, writer & dramastic
- Yuvraj Valmiki, Indian field hockey player
- Mohammad Yousuf, Pakistani cricketer, formerly Yousuf Youhana. He was actually born in a Hindu Balmiki family in the slums of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. As he claims, he had two religious conversions (first from Hinduism to Christianity, and then from Christianity to Islam).
- Spiritual Sites as Sources of Social Transformation: Lessons from Svadhyaya by Makarand Paranjape, A.M., PhD
- Lesser Humans — Review of a documentary film on the Bhangis