Bharat Operating System Solutions
Boss Linux 5.0 Desktop Environment
|Company / developer||NRCFOSS / CDAC, India|
|Source model||Free and open source software|
|Initial release||January 10, 2007|
|Latest stable release||5.0 / August 2013|
|Marketing target||General purpose|
|Available language(s)||Multilingual (more than 18)|
|Supported platforms||i386, AMD64|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||GNOME and KDE[clarification needed]|
|License||GNU GPL and various others|
Bharat Operating System Solutions (BOSS) is a free and open source computer operating system developed by the National Resource Centre for Free/Open Source Software (NRCFOSS) of India. BOSS GNU/Linux is also known by the acronym BOSS. The latest version of this operating system, BOSS GNU/Linux Version 5.0 .
This software package has been described as "India's own PC operating system" and "the most meaningful product to come out of the Indian software industry in decades — and a work that a government department had done".
The software has also been endorsed by the Government of India for adoption and implementation on a national scale. It was developed at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Chennai INDIA. BOSS GNU/Linux is an "LSB certified" Linux distribution: the software has been certified by the Linux Foundation for compliance with the Linux Standard Base standard. BOSS GNU/Linux is derived from Debian. Debian uses the Linux kernel (the core of an operating system), but most of the basic operating system tools in Debian come from the GNU Project; hence the appendages GNU/Linux to Debian and BOSS.
The latest desktop version of BOSS GNU/Linux is fully localised to eighteen Indian languages.
BOSS GNU/Linux has had five major releases till February 2011
|Version||Code name||Kernel number||Desktop||Date of release|
|BOSS GNU/LinuxEvaluation||Sethu||2.6.14-2-smp||GNOME 2.8|
|BOSS GNU/Linux v1.0||Tarang||2.6.17-1-i386||GNOME 2.14|
|BOSS GNU/Linux v2.0||Anant||2.6.21-1-486||GNOME 2.18|
|BOSS GNU/Linux Server||2.6.21||Jan 2008|
|BOSS GNU/Linux v3.0||Tejas||2.6.22-3-486||GNOME 2.20 and KDE 3.5||Sep 2008|
|BOSS GNU/Linux v4.0||Savir||2.6.32-5-686||GNOME 2.30.2 and KDE 4.4.5||Feb 2011|
|BOSS GNU/Linux v5.0||Anokha||3.10||GNOME 3.4.2 , KDE 4.8.4 and Xfce 4.8||August 2013|
BOSS (Bharat Operating System Solutions) GNU/Linux distribution developed by C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) derived from Debian for enhancing the use of Free/ Open source software throughout India. BOSSGNU/Linux - a key deliverable of NRCFOSS has upgraded from entry-level server to advanced server. It supports Intel and AMD x86/x86-64 architecture. BOSS GNU/Linux advanced server has unique features such as web server, proxy server, database server, mail server, network server, file and print server, SMS server, LDAP server. BOSS GNU/Linux advanced server comprises administration tools such as webmin which is a web-based interface, Gadmin, PHP myadmin, PHP LDAP admin, PG admin. The accessibility of BOSS Linux will have a constructive impact on the digital divide in India as more people can now have access to software in their local language to use the Internet and other information and communications technology (ICT) facilities. Community Information centers (CICs) and internet cafes will also benefit from BOSS GNU/Linux as this software can be utilized to power these outlets and is affordable and easy to install, use and support.
BOSS 4.0 is coupled with GNOME and KDE Desktop Environment with wide Indian language support and packages, relevant for use in the government domain. Currently BOSS GNU/Linux Desktop is available in almost all the Indian Languages such as Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Bodo, Urdu, Kashmiri, Maithili, Konkani, Manipuri which will enable the mainly non-English literate users in the country to be exposed to ICT and to use the computer more effectively.
BOSS 5.0 codenamed anokha, comes with many new applications mainly focused on enhanced Security and User friendliness.The distribution includes over 12800 new packages, for a total of over 37493 packages. Most of the software in the distribution has been updated: over 20160 software packages (this is 70% of all packages in savir). BOSS 5.0 supports Linux Standard Base (LSB) version 4.1 The new version features XBMC Media center to allow the user to easily browse and view videos, photos, podcasts, and music from a harddrive, optical disc, local network, and the internet.
Available Indian languages
BOSS GNU/Linux is available in the following languages of India:
- "Quick Guide For Using BOSS" (Retrieved on 1 November 2008)
- "C-DAC launches BOSS Version 5.0"
- "C-DAC launches BOSS version in Indian languages", The Hindu dated 26 February 2011 for 4.0 (Retrieved on 26 February 2011)
- "At last, a desi PC software system", Anand Parthasarathy, The Hindu dated 26 October 2008 (Retrieved on 31 October 2008)
- The Product Directory of The Linux Foundation, LSB Certification Management System. Retrieved on 31 October 2008)
- The Free Software Definition (Retrieved on 31 October 2008)
- "BOSS: Definitions and overview" (Retrieved on 31 October 2008)