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DVD cover
Directed by Sibi Malayil
Produced by Mohanlal
Written by A. K. Lohithadas
Starring Mohanlal
Nedumudi Venu
Music by Raveendran
Cinematography Anandakuttan
Edited by L. Bhoominathan
Distributed by Seven Arts Release
Release dates
  • 29 March 1991 (1991-03-29)
Running time
147 minutes
Country India
Language Malayalam

Bharatham (Malayalam: ഭരതം) is a 1991 Malayalam musical-drama film written by A. K. Lohithadas, directed by Sibi Malayil, and produced by Mohanlal under the banner of Pranavam Arts. It stars Mohanlal, Urvashi, Nedumudi Venu, Lakshmi, and Murali in the main roles. The film is especially known for its music that is largely Carnatic classical and semi classical. The songs were composed by Raveendran.

Bharatham is interpreted as a modern day adaptation of the Ramayana from Bharath's perspective. How, in the absence of his elder brother, Bharath takes the responsibility of the family and hides his griefs is the core of the story. It won three National Film Awards that year; for Best Actor (Mohanlal), in the category of Special Jury for Raveendran's music, and Best Male Singer (K. J. Yesudas) for the song "Rama Katha Ganalayam". On the centenary of Indian cinema in April 2013, Forbes included Mohanlal's performance in the film on its list, "25 Greatest Acting Performances of Indian Cinema".[1]


Kalliyur Gopinathan alias Gopi (Mohanlal) is a member of a happy family with carnatic music heritage and he himself is a good singer. Kalliyur Ramanathan (Nedumudi Venu) who is an excellent singer, is Gopi's elder brother, guru and role model. Ramanathan is married to the character played by Lakshmi and Gopi is in love with the character played by Urvashi. Raman reigns in the family and in the society with his music. But he turns alcoholic. Despite several attempts by family members to make him give up the habit and several failed assurances to his family members, he is unable to give up the habit. Movie depicts Raman reaching for a concert in an inebriated state and Gopi is forced to take over. He is an instant hit with the masses. This has been depicted quite symbolically during the song Sree Vinayagam. Gopi's music, which was hidden behind his brother's charisma now flows out in full strength. Taking this as an insult, Raman starts hating his brother and strives hard to recover from alcoholism. His morale is shattered when organizers of the Tyagaraja Aaradhana select his brother over him to perform. This makes Gopi angry. So Ramanathan decides to stop singing. But on hearing this Gopi understands his mistake and asks Ramanathan to sing at Tyagaraja Aaradhana. Ramanathan attends his brother's concert in a drunken state but is able to appreciate his brother's talent. With a longing to get rid of the alcoholism and perform a concert with his brother, he sets on a pilgrimage, but was never to return. Gopi, getting to know that Raman is killed in an accident, is forced to conceal this truth because of their vocally disabled sister's marriage. Gopi gets lot of moral support with his love-interest, who also knows about the truth. Gopi's trauma reaches penultimate when his family comes to know about Raman's death and that Gopi was concealing it. Everything ends fine when the family understands his intentions.



The acclaimed soundtrack of this movie was composed by Music Maestro Raveendran Master for which the acclaimed lyrics were penned by Kaithapram. All the songs of this movie were instant hits.

Track Song Title Singer(s) Other notes
1 "Gopangane" Dr. K. J. Yesudas, K. S. Chithra Duet song picturised on Mohanlal and Urvashi.

Raagam: Naatta

2 "Raajamathangi" ("Dhwani prasadham") Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna, Dr. K. J. Yesudas Title song. Picturised on Nedumudi Venu and Mohanlal.
Raagam:Raagamaalika (Mayamalavagowla, Thodi, Arabhi, Kanada)
3 "Raghuvamshapathe" Dr. K. J. Yesudas Kacheri performance by Mohanlal.

Raagam: Shankarabharanam

4 "Ramakadha" Dr. K. J. Yesudas Sentimental performance by Mohanlal.


5 "Sree Vinayakam" ravindran, Dr. K. J. Yesudas Kacheri performance by Mohanlal and Nedumudi Venu.


6 "Bharatham" Kallara Gopan, Sangeetha Not picturised in film.
7 "Nagarina" M. G. Sreekumar Not picturised in film.
8 "Dhwani prasadam" Dr. K. J. Yesudas End credit song. Picturised on Mohanlal.
Raagam: Mayamalavagowla


National Film Awards
Kerala State Film Awards
Filmfare Awards South
Kerala Film Critics Award


The movie has been remade in Tamil as Seenu with Karthick portraying Mohanlal's character, P. Vasu portraying Nedumudi Venu's Character and Malavika playing Urvasi's character. The movie was directed by P. Vasu.


  1. ^ Prasad, Shishir; Ramnath, N. S.; Mitter, Sohini (27 April 2013). "25 Greatest Acting Performances of Indian Cinema". Forbes. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 

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