Bhargava is a common surname in Northern India.
The Bhargava community were originally a trading caste (bania or vaishya). During the later part of the 19th century they successfully engineered a rise to the status of brahmin using a process sometimes termed sanskritisation. The oldest known inscription mentioning the Dhusar community is at the Sakrai Mata temple at Sakrari in Sikar district, Rajasthan. Dineshchandra Sircar dates this to 879 AD,[full citation needed] although it is dated by others to 642 A.D. They were merchants or traders at that time.
Bhargavas now believe themselves to be descended from the sage Bhrigu and his son Chyavana. In the Hindu epics, sage Jamadagni is described to be descended from Bhrigu. His son, Parashurama, also known as Bhargava Rama, is described as the sixth avatar of the god Vishnu. After his father was killed by the Kshatriya Kartavirya Arjuna, Parashurama is said to have attacked and annihilated the existing Kshatriya rulers, as many as 21 times.
After a call from Adi Shankara in 840 AD, many Bhargavas took appointments as rajpurohits (priests) with different ruling dynasties, mainly of Rajputs. Delhi, ruled by King Kumarpala had his rajpurohit, Shyam Chandra from Qutabpur in Rewari. His descendants continued to be rajpurohits of Delhi up to 1192 AD., the rule of the Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan, whose rajpurohit was Priti Chandra of the same clan. Prithviraj Chauhan's rule ended in 1192 AD when he was defeated by the invading Muhammad Ghori.
The Bhargava have a well-established community association, the Bhargava Sabha, that operates in various cities under an umbrella organisation, the All-India Bhargava Sabha, that is presently located at Gurgaon in Haryana. There are around 37 of these Bhargava Sabhas. The All-India Bhargava Sabha was established at Mathura in 1889 and counted among its founders the publisher Munshi Newal Kishore of Lucknow.
'All India Bhargava Sabha' has resolved to hold 'International Conferences' in various countries to bring the international Bhargava community in the social and cultural main stream of the community. With this objective, the first 'Bhargava Global Conference' was held in Canada (2008), the second one in USA (2009 in NewYork) & the third one was held in Dubai in May 2012 .
- Munshi Nawal Kishore (1836-1895) - Freedom Fighter - India, Founder Member - Indian National Congress, Founder of Printing industry in India, Lucknow
- Thakur Das Bhargava- Member Constituent Assembly of India, member of first Rajya Sabha, belonged to Hissar in present day Haryana 
- Mukut Bihari Lal Bhargava-Member Constituent Assembly of India, member 2nd and 3rd Lok Sabha, belonged to Ajmer
- Gopi Chand Bhargava - First Chief Minister of combined Haryana and Punjab after Independence, belonged to Hissar, Haryana
- B.N.Bhargava - Member 5th and 6th Lok Sabha, belonged to Ajmer
- Sharda Bhargava - Member 1st and 2nd Rajya Sabha, belonged to Ajmer
- Stark, Ulrike (2004). "Hindi Publishing in the Heart of an Indo-Persian Cultural Metropolis". In Blackburn, Stuart H.; Dalmia, Vasudha. India's Literary History: Essays on the Nineteenth Century. Orient Blackswan. pp. 268, 276. ISBN 978-8-17824-056-5.
- रतन लाल मिश्र:शेखावाटी का नवीन इतिहास, मंडावा, १९९८, पृ.३११-३१२
- Ray, Himanshu Prabha (2003). The Archaeology of Seafaring in Ancient South Asia. Cambridge University Press. p. 283. ISBN 978-0-52101-109-9.
- Dr. Puroshottam Lal Bhargava, Former Professor, Department of Religious Studies, Macmaster University, Hamilton, Canada, "Bhargava Jati Ka Itihas", 1989, page 8,
- M.L.Bhargava, "Hemu and His Times" (Afghans Vs Mughals), Reliance Publishing House, New Delhi p. 170
- M.L.Bhargava, "Hemu and His Times", page 171
- Hemu and His Times, page 172
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 272 to 277 Manohar Publications
- Souvenir, "All India Bhargava Sabha' issued at Bikaner, 25-27 Dec 2011, page 57
- "MP 2nd Lok Sabha". Retrieved 19 November 2014.