Bhatkal

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Bhatkal
ಭಟ್ಕಳ
Town
Bhatkal is located in Karnataka
Bhatkal
Bhatkal
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°58′01″N 74°34′01″E / 13.967°N 74.567°E / 13.967; 74.567Coordinates: 13°58′01″N 74°34′01″E / 13.967°N 74.567°E / 13.967; 74.567
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Uttara Kannada
Government
 • Type Town Municipal Council
Area
 • Total 5.32 km2 (2.05 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 110,000 [1]
 • Density 6,075.33/km2 (15,735.0/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 581 320
Telephone code +91-8385
Vehicle registration KA-47
Website http://bhatkaltown.gov.in/

Bhatkal (Kannada: ಭಟ್ಕಳ), also known as 'Batecala' in some Portuguese historical texts, is a port town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Bhatkal town lies on NH-17 running between Mumbai and Kochi and is one of the major railway stations along the Konkan Railway line running between Mumbai and Mangalore. The closest airport is Mangalore International Airport.

History[edit]

Bhatkal's location, although very strategic, was the main factor behind the country's erratic history. Bhatkal witnessed the rise and fall of several dynasties and rulers. Bhatkal was a part of the Hoysala empire from 1291 to 1343 before falling into the hands of the Vijayanagara empire. After the disintegration of the latter, the much coveted "town" of Bhatkal was brought under the control of the Saluva (Jain) rulers of Hadwalli (a town on the State Highway towards Jog Falls). Numerous temples and basadis were constructed during the Saliva's reign. Vestiges of this period can be found in Mudbhatkal, where a few temples still stand as an old witness of that era.

Chola emperors under Aditya I, his son Parantaka I and successor Sundara Chola also known as Parantaka Chola II initially invaded and conquered territories in the Kannada country between Gangavadi on the Mysore plateau and Bhatkal on the Sahyadri coast 880-975 AD. As a sign of their victory in Kannada country, they built Solesvara Temple, in commemoration of their conquest. Inscriptions from successive kings from Parantaka Chola I to Kulothunga Chola III mention their generals as 'Lords of the Konkana' which included Bhatkal and of paying obeisance to Lord Solesvarar of Konkana. The Portuguese also made their presence felt here in the beginning of the 16th century. From the Keladi rulers, Bhatkal was passed on to Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan and later to the British in 1799 after the death of Tipu Sultan.

Geography[edit]

Bhatkal is located at 13°58′N 74°34′E / 13.97°N 74.57°E / 13.97; 74.57.[2] It has an average elevation of 3 metres (10 ft) from the sea level.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Bhatkal had a population of approximately 110,000. Males constitute 50% of the population and females constitute 50%. Bhatkal has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 88% and female literacy of 78%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The Muslim Nawayath are predominant in Bhatkal. The people of Bhatkal are typically called "Bhatkalis" and have since the 1960s spread afar, including UK, America, Australia but more so across the Middle East especially Bahrain, the UAE, Oman, Qatar, Saudi. Kannada is the predominant language of the people of Bhatkal. Konkani is also spoken in Bhatkal town. Urdu speakers are also found. Nawayathi which is the mixture of Konkani, Persian, Arabic and Urdu is the most widely spoken language of the town by Nawayath Muslims.

The Bhatkal Nawayaths own businesses like garment showrooms, Real Estate, hotels, supermarkets, construction and other Engineering Industries, whole sale of imported items and travel.

Economy[edit]

The local economy mostly depends on tourism and fishing.

Tourism and Cuisine[edit]

Bhatkal has been quite a hustling tourist spot mainly because of Murudeshwar temple, Shiva statue and beaches. The Jog Falls is 100 km away from the town. The place has been attracting a wide range of tourists to this place. As far as cuisine is concerned it is broad ranged because of amalgamation of different cultures. The Bhatkali biryani is one of the famous cuisines. The Bhatkal town is connected by National Highway 17 (NH-17) to Udupi and Mangalore in the south and Honnavar, Kumta and district headquarters Karwar in north direction. There is a railway station at Bhatkal on the Konkan railway route. Nethravni gundi is well known for biological and marine species where it may be favourite spot for biologist and adventurers.And also there are many temples, mosques, churches and Jain basth.

Beaches: Jali beach, Bandar beach, Haddin Beach, Mundalli beach, Belke beach.

'"Island:'" Nethravani Gundi (6-9 km)

Hill station: Marukere, Hadavalli(4–8 km)

Water falls: Kannigundi falls (4–5 km), Gandhi falls

"Light House:" Bandar (4-5 km)

Dam: Kadvinkattu dam (Artificial) (4–5 km)

Temples: Murdeshwara Temple, Marikamba temple, Sodigadhe temple, Kadvinkattu Temple.

Hotels: Quality Hotel, Srinivasa Deluxe, Kuber bar and restaurant, Hotel city light, Chillies hotel, T.f.c hotel.

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Anjuman Nursery and Primary School
  • Anjuman Azad Primary School
  • Anjuman Noor Primary School
  • Anjuman Boys High School
  • Anjuman Girls High School
  • Anjuman Girls High School, Navayath Colony
  • Anjuman Arts, Science & Commerce College
  • Anjuman Degree College and P G Center.
  • Anjuman Pre-University College for Women
  • Anjuman College for Women
  • Anjuman Engineering College
  • Anjuman Institute of Management
  • Anjuman Institute of Technology and Management|Anjuman Institute of Technology and Management, Bhatkal
  • Islamia Anglo Urdu High School
  • Shams Nursery and Primary School
  • Shams English Medium High School
  • Ali Public School
  • The New English Pre-University college
  • Shree Guru Sudhindra College
  • Shree Guru Sudhindra BBA & BCA College
  • Shree Jnaaneshwari College of Education (B.Ed)
  • Shree Jnaaneshwari College of Education (M.Ed)
  • Shree Durgaparameshwari High School Alvekodi
  • H.H. Swami Parijnanashram College of Education (D.Ed)
  • Vidyanjali Public School (CICSE Syllabus) Bhatkal
  • Vidyabharati English Medium School Bhatkal
  • Anand Ashram Convent High School Bhatkal
  • Anand Ashram Convent English Medium Primary School
  • Joyland Anand Ashram Play Home.
  • Naunihaal Central School
  • Navayath Colony School
  • Kausar College For Women
  • Jamiatus Salihat
  • Jamia Maktab
  • Zangi Girls High School
  • The New English School
  • Karavali High School
  • House of Romeo Juje Dsouza at Bailur
  • R N Shetty Rural Polytechnic Murdeswara
  • R N Shetty Pre University Collage Murdeshwar
  • R N Shetty Nursing Collage Murdeshwar
  • Janatha Vidyalaya Highschool Murdeshwar
  • Viswabharathi Highschool Bengre
  • Jamia Islamia, Bhatkal
  • Govt Primary School Muttalli, Bhatkal

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://bhatkaltown.gov.in
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhatkal