Bhavani River

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Bhavani River
Bhavani river as seen from Savandapur
Topo map Attappati Reserve Forest.jpg
Headwaters of the Bhavani river in Attappati Reserve Forest
Mouth Kaveri River
Location Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu, India
Length 135 km (217 mi)

Bhavani is a major river in Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu, India. It is the second largest river in Tamil Nadu and a major tributary of the Kaveri River.


The confluence of the Bhavani and Kaveri rivers at Bhavani

The Bhavani is a 217 km. long perennial river fed mostly by the southwest monsoon and supplemented by the northeast monsoon. Its watershed drains an area of 0.62 million hectares spread over Tamil Nadu (87%), Kerala (9%) and Karnataka (4%). The main river courses majorly through Coimbatore district and Erode district in Tamil Nadu. About 90 per cent of the river's water is used for agriculture irrigation.

Industrial, municipal and agricultural pollution of the river results in poor water quality and negative impacts on the health of people, plants and animals dependent on the river water.[1]


12 major rivulets including West and East Varagar rivers join Bhavani draining the southern Nilgiri slopes. At Mukkali, Bhavani takes an abrupt 120° turn towards the northeast and flows for another 25 km through Attappady plateau. It gets reinforced by the Kunda river coming from the north. Siruvani River, a perennial stream and the Kodungarapallam river, flowing from the south and southeast respectively join the Bhavani at Kerala-Tamil Nadu border. Thereafter, Bhavani flows east along the base of Nilgiris and enters the plains near Bathra Kaliamman temple at Mettupalayam after joining with Coonoor river coming from northwest. About, 30 km downstream, Moyar River, a major tributary originating in Mudumalai National Park, flows in from the northwest, where it drains the valley between the northern slopes of the Nilgiris and the southern slopes of the Bilgiri Hills. After the Moyar it is blocked by the Lower Bhavani Dam, feeding Lower Bhavani Project Canal near Sathyamangalam in Erode District. The river continues east for over 160 km. through Erode District, traversing Kodiveri Dam, near Gobichettipalayam which feeds the Arakkankottai and Thadappalli canals constructed for agricultural purposes. A small barrage across the river was built by Kalingarayan in 1283 AD to feed the 56-mile-long Kalingarayan irrigation canal. near Sangameshwarar Temple, Bhavani, where it is believed that the mystic Sarasvati River also joins the confluence.


  1. ^ Centre for Science and Environment,, retrieved 8/25/2007 River Bhavani

Coordinates: 11°26′N 77°41′E / 11.433°N 77.683°E / 11.433; 77.683